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چهارشنبه ۲۷ تیر ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۰۲:۰۹

ايران و آمريكا: بررسي سه گرايش در جناح محافظه كار جمهوري اسلامي

سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با صادق زيبا كلام، استاد دانشگاه تهران

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceThursday, June 06, 2002 - Conservatives divide on US relations - EU discusses Iran in closed-door meeting - Jordan recalls its Iran ambassador - Publishers protest banning of sanctioned books - Fake inspection certificates keep old cars on the road - Fitch to offer Iran's Eurobonds - Iran's petrochemical industry - Rising Drug addiction - Iranians compete in international robotic football Differing Conservative Views on US-Iran Relations * Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zibakalam tells RFE/RL that the Leader of Islamic Republic Ayatollah Khamenei's view that negotiations with the US under the present conditions would not benefit Iran represents only one school of thought in the conservative camp. Others believe that Iran-US tensions no longer benefit Iran, but they do not want d‚tente because it might benefit Khatami and the reformists. Still other conservatives, as Deputy Majles speaker Behzad Nabavi recently pointed out, believe a limited US military attack against Iran would bolster their hold on political power. (Siavash Ardalan) EU Foreign Ministry Officials Discuss Iran in Closed-Door Meeting * Officials from foreign ministries of 15 EU nations discussed economic cooperation agreement with Iran in a close-door meeting in Brussels today. Observers say the EU might postpone signing the agreement until after the US position on Iran changes. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) Jordan Recalls Ambassador * Amman gave no reason for the surprise recall on Thursday of Ambassador Bassam Amush from Tehran. Amush had earlier accused the Islamic Republic of interfering in Jordan's internal affairs. The move may also have to do with Tehran's continued support for extremist Palestinian organizations, such as Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, which Jordan has outlawed. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) Publisher's Association Protests Recall of Permitted Books * In a letter to judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmud Shahrudi, the association of publishers and booksellers protested against the judiciary's ban on books that had already received permits from the ministry of culture and Islamic guidance. Book publisher Shahla Lahiji, head of Tehran's Roshangaran (Enlighteners) publishing house, says this is the first time the association officially has defended its members in censorship matters. She tells RFE/RL that in opposing the judiciary's recent ban on four previously approved books, the Khatami government agrees with the book publishers and that may explain the unprecedented courage of the association. (Mehdi Khalaji) Fake Car Inspection Certificates Keeps Clunkers on the Road * As the deadline to obtain car inspection certificate nears, the market for fake car inspection certificates booms in Tehran; already two gangs of certificate counterfeiters have been arrested. Tehran-based transportation journalist Masud Mohajer says three previous car inspection crackdowns did not help reduce Tehran's air pollution. He tells RFE/RL that people who use old cars as private taxis to earn extra income resist inspection, which would make the cost of keeping old cars on the road prohibitive. (Ardavan Niknam) Fitch Rating to Offer Iran's Eurobonds * The British credit rating company Fitch Ratings announced that it will offer Iran's Eurobonds. Fitch's announcement came a day after Moody's Investor Service withdrew its Iran rating in response to the US Treasury Department. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Iran's Petrochemical Industry at the Crossroads * Iran plans to expand its petrochemical investments beyond its own borders, according to National Iranian Petrochemical Company chief Mohammad Nematzadeh in an interview with the Middle East Economic Survey (MEED). Iran's Third Five-Year Economic Development plan calls for $20 billion investment in the petrochemical industry in order to increase its output to 17 million tons and its exports to $10 billion by the year 2003. But Ahmad Saatnia, a Tehran-based petrochemical expert told the daily Nowruz that with 16,000 employees, four times more staff than it needs, the state-run industry has become uncompetitive; even its domestic customers prefer to buy from Saudi Arabia. The Islamic Republic's tensions with the US prevent the petrochemical industry's access to foreign capital and advanced technology. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) UAE to Open Trade Expo in Tehran * A 70-man economic delegation from the UAE went to Tehran yesterday in advance of the UAE trade exhibition in Tehran, set to open in two weeks (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) Spread of Drug Addiction in Iran * Between 700,000 to 1.5 million addicts smoke 800 tons of opium per year in Iran, according to Swiss newspaper Neue Zurcher Zeitung. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) Iranian Students Compete in Robotic Football Games * Iranian students will take part in the World Cup of robotic football, Robocup 2002, for the fourth year later this month. Dr. Mohammad Ala, Director of UCLA Productivity Center, and a professor at the Sharif University in Tehran says over the past three years teams from Iran have achieved spectacular results in the games. Iranians were the world champions in the midsize league in 1999, European champions and third in the world in 2000, and attained multiple world championships in 2001 in different leagues. He tells RFE/RL that Iranian teams have beaten teams from such schools as Carnegie Mellon, Cornell, Yale, USC, and others from Italy, Germany, and Japan. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) WORLD * Israeli forces destroy Yasir Arafat's compound in Ramallah. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Pakistan's Musharraf insists on a face-to-face meeting with India's prime minister. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Russian president Putin said in an interview with the official Chinese communist party daily People that Russia's new ties with NATO will have no effect on Sino-Russia friendship. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) * Attorney General John Ashcroft announced that citizens from Iran and other Middle Eastern countries on the US State Department's list of supporters of terrorism will be fingerprinted and tracked while visiting the US. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * In its annual report on human smuggling in the world, the US State Department names Iran as one of 19 countries that have done nothing to combat human smuggling which affects 700,000 to 4 million people worldwide every year. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * In interviews with RFE/RL, two Afghan scholars discuss the history and importance of the supreme council that is to convene in Kabul on June 10. (Shireen Famili) * Next EU summit will discuss illegal immigrants, according to prime minister of Spain. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * UN criticizes Australia's treatment of illegal immigrants. (Jamshid Adili, Sydney) * Britain celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Queen's coronation. (Shahran Tabari, London) * In a joint press conference with his British counterpart, US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the two countries cooperate on Afghanistan, Iraq and the Indo-Pakistani conflict. (Shahran Tabari, London) * An illegal immigrant dies in a gun battle with other immigrants near the controversial Sangat refugee camp in northern France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Germany extends the mission of its peacekeeping force in Afghanistan by six months. Afghan diplomat Sadredin Sadeqi tells RFE/RL that Germany has set aside 2 million euros for helping Afghans in Germany return home. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * American lawyers representing relatives of the 1988 terrorist bombing of the Pan Am flight over Lockerbie meet with Libyan officials in London. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * UN chief meets Putin. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Heads of the Shanghai cooperation council member countries meet in St. Petersburg. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Representatives from 190 nations gather in the UN conference on the environment in Bali, Indonesia. (Shahram Tehrani, Beijing) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * Roundup of today's World Cup games by RFE/RL's soccer commentator. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul) Iranian Public Library in Los Angeles * Mehrdad Valizadeh, director of the Iranian "national" public library in Los Angeles, tells RFE/RL that the non-for-profit institution started with only $14,000 donated by his family. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles) Weekly Soccer Show * RFE/RL's soccer commentator Mehrdad Masudi, in Seoul to cover the soccer world cup, reports and comments on soccer news and answers listeners' questions. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul) Classical Love Stories: Yusef va Zoleikha * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the Yusef va Zoleikha story based on poetry by Abdolrahman Jami. In the World of Music * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam begins today's program with the works of Frantz Liszt. (Mahmud Khoshnam) Humorist Tonekanboni * In an interview with RFE/RL, prominent short story writer and humorist Fereydoun Tonekaboni says he began to write humor pieces as a student of literature in Tehran University 35 years ago. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)

بهزاد نبوي، نماينده تهران و عضو هيات رئيسه مجلس شوراي اسلامي، ديروز گفت: مخالفان داخلي مذاكره با آمريكا، حمله نظامي محدود آمريكا به ايران را براي تحكيم موقعيت خود مفيد مي دانند. دكتر صادق زيباكلام، استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: امثال بهزاد نبوي به تدريج ملتفت شده اند كه تنش با آمريكا چه هزينه سنگيني براي منافع ملي ايران دربر داشته است. وي مي افزايد: منع مذاكره با آمريكا توسط رهبر جمهوري اسلامي، نشان دهنده طرز فكر يك گروه در جناح محافظه كار است كه موقع را براي مذاكره با آمريكا مناسب نمي دانند. وي مي افزايد: يك گروه ديگر از محافظه كاران راديكال، از جمله بعضي عناصر تندرو در نيروهاي مسلح جمهوري اسلامي، افزايش تنش با آمريكا را صرفنظر از سود و زيان آن براي منافع ملي ايران، براي تثبيت جايگاه خود مفيد مي دانند و حتي حمله احتمالي و محدود آمريكا به ايران را به نيز سود خود مي پندارند. طيف سومي از جناح محافظه كار، به اين نتيجه رسيده است كه ادامه تنش با آمريكا به سود ايران نيست، اما اميدوار است به جاي دولت خاتمي و مجلس كنوني، خود به اين كار اقدام كند. زيباكلام مي گويد: خاتمي به علت مخالفت جناح محافظه كار نتوانسته است طي پنج سال گذشته سياست تنش زدائي خود را پيش ببرد.

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