سياوش اردلان - با نعمت احمدي، عبدالکريم لاهيجي، داور شيحاوندي و نيما راشدان
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, July 02, 2002
- Reformists criticize Special Police Unit
- Court summons Aghajari for criticizing the clergy
- Jailed student activist to be freed
- Iran and terrorism
- The central bank vs. the economy ministry
- Government bans celebration of a Persian hero
- More wives kill their husbands
Suppression of Youth by Special Police Unit
The mission of the forces of the special police unit (Yegan-e Vizhe) in brand new black Toyota Land Cruisers is to enforce the Islamic codes of dressing and behavior, according to the general commander of Islamic Republic law enforcement forces. He was explaining the new operation in a meeting with seven reformist MPs. Eyewitnesses told RFE/RL about bloody beatings by the unit's green uniformed, club wielding members who carry Uzi machine guns and grenades. The interior ministry denied having any knowledge of the special unit's operations in the streets.
* Tehran-based lawyer Nemat Ahmadi tells RFE/RL that the interior ministry is technically in charge of law enforcement forces.
* Paris-based human rights activist Abdolkarim Lahiji tells RFE/RL that the special police unit is yet another parallel force that, like the revolutionary guards and neighborhood committees, is charged with suppression of dissent.
* Tehran-based sociologist Davar Sheikhavandi says the police reneged on their promise to discuss with experts the methods of dealing with social ills. They apparently believe that anti-terrorism units trained in bomb neutralizing and parachute jumping would do a better job than the urban police.
* Sweden-based political commentator Nima Rashedan says the special police unit's recent operation in Tehran is producing the opposite of security. The intelligence ministry, which is more aware of the danger of the youth, has asked the police to withdraw the special unit forces from Tehran's streets. (Siavash Ardalan)
Judiciary Summons Aghajari for Criticizing the Clergy
A court in Hamedan summoned the leftist-Islamic Tehran University professor Hashem Aghajari for criticizing the clerical rule and the Shiite principle of religious emulation. In his speech two weeks ago at Hamedan's House of Teachers, Aghajari said "emulation" places the clergy between God and the believers and has no basis in Islam. His speech, which no newspaper in Iran dared to print, met with strong criticism from both the conservatives and the traditionalist branch of the reformist faction. It showed that the issue of the legitimacy of the government by Shiite clerics is still, 23 years after the revolution, an issue even within the ruling establishment.
* Tehran University professor Sadeq Zibakalam says the clergy's sanctity and inviolability is now of a political nature not spiritual and is being imposed by force. During the past 23 years, the ruling clerics have showed that rather than being holy, they enjoy flattery and punish criticism and dissent, just as Soviet rulers and Chinese communist party leaders. Zibakalam tells RFE/RL that Aghajari's speech and the strong reaction to it among the clergy shows that the ruling clerics are not infallible and beyond criticism. By defending through the use of force, the conservative clerics lose legitimacy.
* Paris-based analyst Ahmad Salamatian tells RFE/RL that Aghajari's attacks on the principle of clerical rule divides the traditional clerics from the ranks of Khatami reformists. But the conservatives may not benefit from the split in their rival's ranks since prosecution of Aghajari has once again focused public opinion on the debate over the religious and political legitimacy of the ruling clerics. (Mehdi Khalaji)
1.5 Million To Take National Universities' Entrance Exam
* On the eve of the national universities entrance exam, Paris-based sociologist and expert on education in Iran Said Peyvandi tells RFE/RL that of the 1.2 million high school graduates taking the exam this week, nearly 300,000 would be admitted to one of the government-owned universities or the private Azad University. Sixty percent of the applicants are girls and the number of applicants in a separate entrance exams for art schools is higher than the previous years. (Nazi Azima)
Financial Times on Jailed Student Activists
* Three jailed student activists would be released, writes the Financial Times Tehran reporter Guy Dinmore in an article on the political role of the pro-reform student movement. (Fariba Mavedat)
US Accuses Iran of Supporting Terrorism
* In an interview on CNN, the White House National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice accused Tehran of supporting terrorism. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Central Bank and Finance Ministry Face Off
* Differences of policy and personal animosity between the central bank governor Mohsen Nurbakhsh and economy and finance minister Tahmasb Mazaheri have turned into an all out war between Iran's two major economic policy institutions. Mazaheri wants to take control of the state banks away from the central bank. Nurbakhsh supporters say the finance ministry blocks the central bank's independence. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
Despite Official Ban, More than 350,000 to Celebrate a Persian Hero
* Security forces in Tabriz arrested activists and musicians and tried to prevent them and the general public from attending a two-day outdoor celebration of the local Persian independence hero Babak Khoram-Din. Held for seven days last year in the town of Kelidar in East Azerbaijan province, the celebration attracted 350,000. Tabriz-based journalist Ensafali Hedayat says despite official obstacles, more people are expected to take part in this year's event. The Babak Khoram-Din celebration has no official program and consists of people staying overnight around the Babak castle and gather in small groups for informal conversations or local music performances. Since last year, the conservative newspaper Jomhuri-ye Eslami and the provincial prayer leaders began a campaign against the character of Babak Khoram-Din, calling him a "killer of Shiites" and "anti-Islam." Abdollah Babak, an Ardabil-born farmer, was one of the first popular Persian leaders to rise against the Arab rule. He and his followers killed many of the Abbasid Caliphate's troops during his twenty years of rebellion (between 201 to 220 in Islamic lunar calendar) and established a purely Persian religion based on the Persian prophet Mazdak's teachings as an alternative to Islam. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
AP Reports on Rise in Husband Killing
* The rise in the number of homicides committed by women against their husbands shows that faced with Islamic obstacles to divorce, Iranian women resort to the final solution, writes the Associated Press from Tehran. (Fariba Mavedat)
* 71 die in mid-air crash of two planes over Germany. (Ardavan Niknam)
* Israel to end marshal law in West Bank towns. (Jamshid Chalangi)
* US and European intelligence organs report that Lebanon's Hezbollah has increase logistical cooperation with al Qaeda. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Lebanese Hezbollah leader and member of the Lebanese parliament's foreign relations committee Ammar al Mussavi denies cooperation with al Qaeda in an interview with RFE/RL. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* A joint US-Afghan commission investigates yesterday's air attack on wedding party. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Denmark assumes the presidency of the EU. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Russia invited four other Caspian littoral states to observe the largest maneuver in the Caspian. (Alireza Taheri)
* World Food Program sends a mission to Iran to review plans to rebuild two quake-stricken villages. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* According to the Los Angeles Times, the kind of democracy demanded from the Palestinian Authority in President Bush's plan does not exist anywhere in the Arab world. (Fariba Mavedat)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Veteran Wrestling Champion Nabi Soruri Dies
* Manuchehr Latif, a Tehran-based sports commentator comments on the athletic career of the national wrestling team member Nabi Soruri, who was buried in Tehran today. (Jamshid Chalangi)
Love Stories of the Shahnameh: Siavash and Rudabeh
* Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the tragic love story of Rudabeh and Siavash based on Ferdowsi's epic the Shahnameh.
Weekly Review of Books
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews four new books, including a book of interviews with contemporary poet Ahmad Shahmlu and the 22nd volume of Iranian studies articles published by Iranian studies association of France in conjunction with Iran's center for university publishing.
هفت تن از نمايندگان مجلس شوراي اسلامي در ديدار با مقامات نيروي انتظامي در باره دلايل حضور تازه يگان ويژه نيروي انتظامي در خيابان هاي تهران سئوال كردند. شاهدان عيني در مصاحبه با رسانه ها از جمله راديوآزادي، از رفتار خشونت آميز و خونين افراد يگان ويژه، كه در جنگهاي چريكي و ضدخرابكاري و چتربازي تعليم ديده اند، با جوانان خبر دادند كه خشم و اعتراض مردم را برانگيخته است. فرمانده كل نيروي انتظامي گفت: يگان ويژه با بدحجابي و موسيقي بلند اتوموبيل ها مبارزه مي كند. نعمت احمدي، حقوقدان مقيم در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: بايد از وزير کشور، كه مطابق حكم رهبر جمهوري اسلامي، فرماهدهي نيروهاي انتظامي را برعهده دارد، سئوال شود که مسئوليت اقدامات يگان ويژه نيروي انتظامي با چه کسي است. دكتر عبدالکريم لاهيجي، وكيل و فعال حقوق بشر مقيم پاريس، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي اين اقدامات را ناشي از طرز فکر و عمل بخشي از حاکميت ايران ميداند که از آغاز انقلاب، در شکل گيري نيروهاي خودسر يا حزبالله در کنار نيروهاي سپاه پاسداران و کميتهها براي سرکوب مخالفان حكومت و تحميل مقررات اسلامي مثل حجاب برحامعه موثر بود. دكتر داور شخاوندي، آسيب شناس اجتماعي و استاد دانشگاه در تهران، مي گويد: ظاهرا تشخيص دادهاند يگان ويژه ضد خرابكاري، بهتر از پليس شهري مي تواند در حفظ نظم شهرها موثر باشد.
نيما راشدان، روزنامهنگار مقيم سوئد در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي ميگويد: اين اقدامات كه با هدف تامين امنيت انجام مي شود، نتيجه معكوس به بار خواهند آورد. وي مي افزايد: وزارت اطلاعات كه با خطر جامعه جوان كشور آگاه است، خواستار توقف عمليات يگان ويژه نيروي انتظامي شده است.