فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با كمال مرادي، داريوش همايون، بيژن حكمت
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, July 08, 2002
- Anniversary of police attack on student dorms
- President's advisor supports stoning of adulterers
- Los Angeles dance instructor sentenced to living in Iran
- Shortage of concert halls
- Pourzand's wife reacts to his loss of appeal
- Village webmaster's grass roots IT campaign
- Fighting unemployment with half measures
Anniversary of Police Attack on Tehran University Dorms
In a special report using archival sound bites, RFE/RL recreates the hours of the night of July 9, 1999 when police units accompanied by plainclothes agents ransacked Tehran University dorms and injured scores of students.
* A former board member of the largest pro-reform student organization in Iran, who witnessed the attack, says in the four-day demonstrations and unrest that followed the attack, students demanded the removal of the Tehran police chief and transfer of control of the police forces to the interior ministry. He tells RFE/RL that the judiciary lost credibility for not convicting any of the attackers, the conservatives showed their totalitarian designs, and the student movement lost direction and spirit as a result of the attack and its aftermath.
* London-based political commentator Dariush Homayoun, a former Information minister under the Shah, tells RFE/RL that the July 9 student uprising which followed the attack was the starting point of the national struggle of Iranians against the clerical regime. The date has become a rallying cry for Iranian resistance and mentioning it is enough to mobilize masses at the right opportunity.
* Paris-based commentator Bijan Hekmat says the July 1999 student demonstrations turned a new page in the history of Iran's student movement. He tells RFE/RL that the demonstrations began as a peaceful reaction to the conservatives' closing of the Islamic leftist daily "Salam," but on the fourth day the students turned extreme and lost direction. The July 9 experience showed that the conservatives' suppression of legitimate demands expressed through grassroots political organizations would lead to desperate, unbridled protests. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Interior Ministry Bans July 9 demonstrations
* In a statement issued in Tehran today, the interior ministry revoked the permit it issued yesterday to the Dafter-e Tahkim-e Vahdat (office for reinforcing unity) for demonstrations on tomorrow's anniversary of the July 9, 1999 police attack on student dorms. The union, Iran's largest pro-reform student organization, called off the demonstration in order not to give an excuse to "the violence mongers" for attacking the students and creating a scene. But another student organization, the Democratic Students Front and its sister organization the Democratic Front of Iranian People, together known as the "Tabarzadi group," announced in an interview with RFE/RL yesterday that it would go on with its planned demonstration at 7 PM on Tuesday night in front of Tehran University gates. Tabarzadi supporters accused the Dafter of subordination to the regime. Dafter members have accused Tabarzadi of being a puppet of the government. The Los Angeles-based television programs reaching Iran via satellite urge Iranians to support Tabarzadi's call and stage an anti-regime demonstration tomorrow. (Siavash Ardalan)
New York Times on the Student Movement
* In an article from Tehran for the New York Times, reporter Nazila Fathi writes that the union of Islamic students' councils, or Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat, played a major role in mobilizing students to vote for Mohammad Khatami, but in place of him has now become the leading engine for political reform. (Alireza Taheri)
President's Advisor on Women Issues Defends Death by Stoning
* Zahra Shojai, President Khatami's advisor on women's issues, defended the Islamic punishment of stoning adulterers, calling it essential for reinforcing the foundations of family, according to a report by the Financial Times' Tehran correspondent Guy Dinmore. Shojai said to prove the crime of adultery, four male eyewitnesses must testify. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
Court Sentences Los Angeles Dance Instructor
* A court in Tehran sentenced Mohammad Khordadian, a Los Angeles-based dance instructor, to 10 years of living in Iran, and banned him from dancing and teaching dance. Khordadian, who had entered Iran with an entry visa on his US passport, was arrested last month when he was boarding a plane to return to the US. He was charged with corrupting the minds of Iranian youth with his dance videos beamed to Iran via satellite from Los Angeles. Khordadian's lawyer said he plans to appeal the sentence since living in Iran is an honor not a punishment. Khordadian told newsmen after his sentencing that he plans to stay in Iran. He was the first Iranian to be tried for crimes allegedly committed in the US. (Alireza Taheri)
Composer Roshan-Ravan Complains about Lack of Concert Halls
* Farhad Fakhredini, conductor of the newly formed National Music Orchestra, complained in press interviews yesterday that President Khatami has not delivered on his promise to build more concert halls. During the inaugural performance of the National Music Orchestra four years ago, Khatami reportedly told Fakhredini that new concert halls would be built if he prays for oil prices to go up. Prominent Tehran-based composer Kambiz Roshanravan tells RFE/RL that the increase in the number of orchestras and the growing demand for live music requires many new concert halls in Tehran and the provinces with capacities of 200 to 5000. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Pourzand's Wife Reacts to Rejection of His Appeal
* The Washington-based lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar tells RFE/RL that her husband, journalist Siamak Pourzand, 72, legally has one more chance to demand a retrial in a letter to the prosecutor general, but she doubts the success of such an appeal and her husband's willingness to request it. She tells RFE/RL that her husband is not acting out of his own free will, since he has been kept in solitary jail out of touch with the outside world for more than nine months. (Jamshid Chalangi)
Village Webmaster Mobilizes Young and Old to IT
* Mohammad Ali Abbassi, webmaster of "shahkooh.com," the first website on the Internet dedicated to an Iranian village, says the 350-member association of university students and graduates in the village is in charge of the website and has, since 1999, trained more than 500 young and old village residents to use the internet. Abbasi tells RFE/RL that the village association of university graduates believes that the future of the world is tied to the Information Technology to which Iran is a latecomer, but grassroots actions such as Shahkooh's can help Iranians make up the lost time. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Fighting Unemployment with Half Measures
* Iran's national statistics organization's new numbers put the unemployment rate at around 15 percent in urban centers. The official and unofficials figures indicated that the real rate is above 25 percent, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. Instead of providing structural reforms required to encourage investment, Khatami is resorting to half measures such as exporting Iranian labor and giving low interest loans to small workshop owners per each new worker they hire.
* More than 14,000 research papers to be presented in the 14th world conference on AIDS, which began yesterday in Barcelona. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Afghanistan's transitional government chief Hamed Karzai asks international forces' help in finding the killers of the public works minister Haji Abdolqadir. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Bush condemns the assassination of Abdolqadir. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* In a meeting authorized by Ariel Sharon and Yasir Arafat, Israeli foreign minister Shimon Peres will meet with the Palestinian authority's economic and interior ministers. (Jamshid Chalangi)
* The mayor of Rome tells La Republica that under the auspices of Rome's municipal government, an Israeli foreign ministry official and the head of Palestinian Authority's parliament met in Rome during six months in 2001. The mayor's spokesperson tells RFE/RL that the meetings, joined once by foreign minister Shimon Peres, led to drafting a proposal (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Yemen arrests 103 suspects of al Qaeda membership. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* The Organization of African Unity changed its name to African Union in a meeting at Durban, South Africa, attended by leaders of 40 African countries. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Former Empress Calls Iranian Youth to Monitor National Monuments
* In an interview with RFE/RL, the former Empress of Iran Farah Pahlavai says she is disturbed by reports in Iran's press about the destruction of national monuments such as the Persepolis due to the negligence of the Islamic Republic officials. Also disturbing is the possible sale of paintings from the Tehran Contemporary Arts Museum collection. She says she is confident that concerned young people will monitor museum pieces and ancient monuments to protect them from plunder and ruin. The former Empress says with the help of Iranian artists, the government used the means at its disposal 26 years ago to buy back Iranian artifacts and manuscripts from foreign collectors. Ms. Pahlavi was in Germany to announce her participation in the fund raising drive of a German-based children's aid charity. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Songs and Song Makers: Asadollah Malek
* RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam discusses the life and art of composer and master violinist Asadollah Malek who died last year.
A Book, An Author: "Failed Freedom-Seeking: An Econo-Political Analysis of Contemporary Iran's Experience"
* Tehran-based economist Musa Ghaninezhad, one of the three authors of "Failed Freedom-Seeking" published last month in Tehran, tells RFE/RL that the only solution for Iran's economy and political recovery is to move from state-run economy to a competitive economy. (Bahman Bastani)
راديوآزادي در گزارش ويژه اي با استفاده از صداهاي موجود در آرشيو و مصاحبه با دست اندركاران و شاهدان حادثه، ساعات حمله شبانه پليس جمهوري اسلامي به خوابگاه دانشجويان دانشگاه تهران و پيامد آن، پنج روز تظاهرات و راهپيمائي هاي دانشجويان رابازسازي مي كند.
كمال مردادي، دانشجوي سابق و عضو سابق دفتر تحكيم وحدت، كه شاهد نزديك اعتراضات دانشجويان بود، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد استعفاي رئيس پليس تهران و انتقال كنترل تمام واحدهاي پليس به وزير كشور و لغو قانون مطبوعات و انتشار اعترافات سعيدامامي از جمله خواسته هاي دانشجويان بود. وي مي افزايد: پيامد اين حادثه، بي اعتبار شدن قوه قضائيه و برملا شدن مواضع سياسي محافظه كاران و ايجاد سردرگمي و خمودگي در جنبش دانشجوئي بود.
داريوش همايون، وزير اسبق اطلاعات در حكومت شاه و تحليلگر سياسي مقيم لندن، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: تظاهرات تيرماه نقطه آغاز قيام مردم ايران بود بر ضد جمهوري اسلامي. وي مي افزايد: شايد ناكامي هائي درانتظار جنبش دانشجوئي كه فعالان آن را در زندان ها شكنجه مي كنند، باشد، ولي اين جنبش نخواهد ايستاد، زيرا 18 تيرماه به يك شعار جنگي بسيار نيرومند در جامعه ايران تبديل شده است و اشاره به آن براي به حركت درآوردن توده ها در مواقع مناسب كافي است.
بيژن حكمت، تحليلگر سياسي در پاريس، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي، تظاهرات 18 تيرماه را ورق نويني در تاريخ مبارزه هاي دانشجوئي ايران توصيف مي كند. وي مي افزايد حمله به مطبوعات شروع شده بود و دانشجويان با حساسيت نسبت به آزادي هاي مدني عكس العمل مناسبي نشان دادند، ولي از 21 تير به بعد، كار به زياده روي ها كشيد. وي مي افزايد: از آنجا كه ساير قشرهاي اجتماعي فاقد تشكل هستند، شكل گيري جنبش دانشجوئي محكي براي امكان شكل گيري سايرجنبش هاي اجتماعي، و نشان آن است كه اقتدارگرايان حاضر نيستند مطالبات لايه هاي مختلف مردم را كه از طريق سازمان هاي سياسي ابراز شود، بپذيرند؛ و اين زمينه را براي حركات اعتراضي لجام گسيخته آماده مي سازد.