لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

خبر فوری
شنبه ۳۰ تیر ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۲۲:۴۵

امام جمعه مستعفي اصفهان زير حمله محافظه كاران

سياوش اردلان

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, July 20, 2002 - Aftermath of Esfahan prayer leader's resignation - Writers protest Zarafshan's jail sentence - FT: Conservatives target reformist partiesb - Soroush calls for questioning anti-US bias - Participation Fronts central council shuffle - City buses and air pollution Esfahan Prayer Leader Confused after Shock Resignation * The decisive response from the Supreme Leader to Esfahan prayer leader Ayatollah Jallaloddin Taheri's shock resignation last week, in which he criticized all aspects of the regime, and the national security council's ban on press discussions of the resignation, has put Taheri and his followers on the defensive. Taheri has come under pressure to recant and apologize. According the reformist website emrooz.org, Taheri is confused: his wife thinks he should not apologize but his two sons think he should. Though he joined the conservatives in calling for participation in yesterday's official anti-US rallies, they nevertheless denounced him during Friday prayer ceremonies across Iran. (Siavash Ardalan) Writers Protests Jail Sentence of the Lawyer of Serial Murders Victims' Kin * In a letter to President Khatami, the Iranian Writers Association protested against the confirmation of the five-year jail sentence against lawyer Naser Zarafshan, who represented some of the relatives of the victims of the 1999 serial murders of political dissidents. Writers Association member Abbas Mokhber says the charge of revealing state secrets lodged against Naser Zarafshan was only a ruse to punish him for pursuing the case. He tells RFE/RL that before the letter to Khatami, the association wrote a letter to the judiciary chief. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Conservatives Target Two Reformist Parties * The Financial Times writes that conservatives seek to destroy the reformist party formed by President Khatami's brother Mohammad Reza Khatami, Jebheh-ye Mosharekat-e Iran-e Eslami (Islamic Iran Participation Front), and the leftist Sazeman-e Mojahedin-e Enqelab-e Eslami (Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization). Intelligence minister Ali Yunesi said factional conflicts do not reflect people's demands. (Alireza Taheri) Guardians may Block Mojahedin-e Enqelab from Next Parliament * Despite calls for national unity, the hard-line conservatives in the Guardians Council plan to destroy the leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization, a key player in the reformist camp, by vetoing its members' participation in the next parliamentary elections, writes the Gulf News. (Shireen Famili) Soroush Challenges Anti-US Bias * Criticism of US would stop if moderate thinkers question it, said Islamic modernist Abdolkarim Soroush in an interview with the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) on his return from the US after two years of teaching at Harvard. He says reformists have not delivered on their promises and President Khatami's conservative enemy, a snake two years ago, has grown into a dragon. Still Soroush believes reformists should insist on establishing democracy, which he said, along with moderation, are the "truth" of Islam. (Shahran Tabari) Participation Front Replaces Some Leaders * The third congress of the reformist party Islamic Iran Participation Front (Mosharekat) voted to keep President Khatami's brother Mohammad Reza Khatami as the general secretary but elected some younger members from outside the government to replace government officials on the central council. Mosharekat central council member Hadi Qabel says opening party offices in provinces has increased member recruitment by eight percent. He tells RFE/RL that the party's younger face does not mean it has become radical. He adds that "exiting the regime" option, talked about by some radical members of the central council as a means to pressure the conservatives, is not being discussed as a principle of party strategy. (Siavash Ardalan) City Buses and Air Pollution Of 5000 buses working in the Tehran transit system, 1500 are obsolete, slowing down traffic and polluting the air, said Kazem Behruzi, a Tehran transit spokesman. * Tehran-based transportation journalist Masud Mohajer says the city does not have the money to replace obsolete buses and would not raise bus fares out of political consideration. He tells RFE/RL that 30-year-old vehicloes contribute to the air pollution, but that a plan to remove obsolete private cars proved too costly and was shelved, even though it was approved by the cabinet. (Shireen Famili) US Sanctions against Asian Companies Selling Advanced Weapons to Iran and Iraq * US will announce sanctions against one Indian and nine Chinese companies that sell biological and chemical weapons technology to Iran. Some analysts believe that the problem of selling biological and chemical weapons technology by China should be addressed at the government level, even though the Chinese government officially maintains that companies operate on their own, writes Reuter's diplomatic correspondent. (Shahran Tabari) Russia to Arm Iran with Air Defense Technology * Russia will arm Iran with an advanced air defense system, said Russia's deputy defense minister Alexander Dimitriev, who has just returned from an official visit to Iran, in an interview with iran.ru website. WORLD * US President pledges to strike first to counter terror threats in a talk to US troops at Fort Drum, New York. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Israeli foreign secretary Shimon Peres holds peace talks in Jeruslam with representatives of the Palestinian Authority. (Jamshid Chalangi) * UN representative in Afghanistan recommends to the Security Council the expansion of the mission of the multinational forces beyond Kabul. (Homayoun Majd) * New German defense minister to visit German troops in Afghanistan. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Russian defense minister to discuss reconstruction of Afghan army during his upcoming visit to Kabul. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * French President Jacque Chirac meets in Moscow with President Putin. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Human trafficking is on the rise in Asia as people flee poverty and conflict, writes Akira Seki, director-general of the Regional and Sustainable Development Department of the Asian Development Bank in Manila for the International Herald Tribune. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) * Chinese shopkeepers and peddlers crowd Dubai's markets, writes Emirate newspaper al-Ettehad (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Germany builds a camp for expelled illegal immigrants. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Hoda Naser, daughter of the former president Jamal Abdolnaser resigned from her position as an editor in the semi-official al-Ahram newspaper protesting misrepresentation of her father's words on the eve of the 50th anniversary of the Egyptian revolution. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Switzerland bans commercial use of bin Laden's name on clothing and youth merchandize planned by one of Osama bin Laden's 54 brothers. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * French customs officials confiscate 4 tons of contraband luxury goods. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) ARTS AND IDEAS New York Magazine (Weekly culture and arts features) Iranian Youth's Movement of Joy Defies the Islamic Regime * The "children of the Islamic Republic," or the so-called "third generation," are the most formidable force of change in Iran, says New York-based author Behzad Yaghmaian in an interview with RFE/RL about his latest book, "Social Change in Iran," published by the State University of New York Press. In his book, Yaghmaian mixes political and economic analysis with personal history and eyewitness accounts to chart the widespread defiance of young Iranians to the cultural and social rules enforced by the Islamic Republic. He says the pro-reform association of the universities' student councils (Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat), is a small group that is shunned by most students. They prefer parties and mixing with the opposite sex to joining the pro-government rallies sponsored by the Daftar. As an antidote to the culture of death and mourning promoted by the regime, the youth prefer love and joy. Though they are the likely force to bring down the regime and replace it with a democracy, they lack organization and leadership. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) The US Premiere of Taziyeh at Lincoln Center * New York-based Taziyeh director Mohammad Baqer Ghaffari tells RFE/RL that problems with obtaining US entry visas for Tazaieh performers, which reduced his company of selected Tazieh masters from 28 to 10, delayed rehearsals by a month, forcing him to work day and night at the risk of exhausting the performers before the opening. The Lincoln Center's program, a part of New York Summer Festival, includes three Taziyeh plays, a form of Iranian religious drama dating back to 18th Century, presented for the first time in the US,. A Tazieh performer tells RFE/RL that he hopes the sold-out New York performances in a tent at Lincoln Center's Damrosch Park would help bring the two nations closer. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran: Haji Baba-ye Esfahani * Paris-based political history scholar Javad Tabatabai reviews Mirza Habib Esfahani's translation of James Morier's Haji Baba, which paved the way for a new Persian prose capable of expressing contemporary concepts. (Nazi Azima)

جمهوري اسلامي بحران كوتاه ناشي از استعفاي انتقاد آميز آيت الله طاهري، امام جمعه اصفهان را پشت سر گذاشت. ولي فشار بر آيت الله جلال الدين طاهري، براي پس گرفتن انتقادهاي تندش به حكومت جمهوري ادامه دارد. وي در استعفانامه خود عموم سياست ها وعملكردهاي حكومت را به باد انتقاد گرفت اما پاسخ رهبر جمهوري اسلامي و منع انعكاس مطبوعاتي پيامد اين استعفا توسط دبيرخانه شوراي امنيت ملي، باعث شد كه آيت الله طاهري و همفكران او در موضع دفاعي قرار گيرند. گزارش سايت خبري اصلاح طلب «امروز دات اورگ» emrooz.org حاكي است كه خود طاهري به ترديد دچار شده است اما همسر او اصرار دارد كه عذرخواهي نكند. دو پسر وي خواهان عذرخواهي هستند. نتيجه اين فشارها بر آيت الله طاهري بيانيه در حمايت از تظاهرات ضدآمريكائي روز جمعه بود كه او را در كنار تشكيلات جناح راست قرار داد. اما تريبون هاي نماز جمعه به پايگاهي براي حمله به امام جمعه مستعفي اصفهان بدل شد.

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