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خبر فوری
چهارشنبه ۲۷ تیر ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۰۲:۰۴

انحلال نهضت آزادي و محكوميت 33 تن ملي-مذهبي توسط دادگاه انقلاب، از ديد يكي از بنيانگذاران، چندعضو وو كيل نهضت آزادي

اميرمصدق كاتوزيان

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, July 27, 2002 - Court orders FMI dissolved - Supreme leader warns against US military attack on Iran - State TV airs Pourzand's "confessions" - Iran seeks to exploit trade opportunities in Afghanistan - Reformist cleric talks at MIT - 22nd anniversary of the Shah's death - Russia to build more nuclear plants in Iran Court Ordered FMI Dissolved, Jails Nationalist-Religious Activists * The Tehran Islamic revolutionary court ordered the nationalist opposition party Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI) dissolved, and sentenced its members and their allies in the nationalist-religious coalition to jail terms ranging from 4 months to 10 years. Of the 54 arrested 14 months ago, 11 were acquitted. Among those sentenced to long jail terms are former ministers in the first post-revolutionary cabinet of prime minister Mehdi Bazargan. Former justice minister Ahmad Sadr-Haj-Seyyed-Javadi, 84, a FMI founder, was reportedly sentenced to flogging and a 20 million rials fine. Haj-Seyyed-Javadi tells RFE/RL that the verdict was "cruel." Lawyer Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah, who represents some of the FMI central council members, says he will appeal the verdict. He tells RFE/RL that the court cannot condemn FMI members for activities prior to the court's order for the FMI to dissolve. Taqi Rahmani, a member of the nationalist-religious coalition, who spent 13 months in jail, tells RFE/RL that contrary to the court's verdict, the nationalist-religious coalition was formed for participation in the 2000 parliamentary elections. Paris-based commentator Ahmad Salamatian, former Majles MP and a National Front activist, tells RFE/RL that the verdict is harsh, unprecedented and provocative. (Amir-Mossadeq Katouzian) Supreme Leader Warns US against Armed Intervention * The Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned the US on Saturday against any military intervention in Iran and criticized the leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution organization, a key partner in President Khatami's reformist faction, for its statement last week regretting "lost opportunities" to repair US-Iran relations. (Siavash Ardalan) State TV Airs Pourzand's "Confessions" * In a staged press conference aired on the state TV, a disheveled Siamak Pourzand, 72, said he distributed money he received from Reza Pahlavi among reformist newspapers. The reporter of the student news agency ISNA said he and other reporters were only allowed to ask questions supplied by the authorities. RFE/RL's Alireza Taheri says the information offered by Pourzand in his "confessions" appears factually and chronologically confused and inaccurate. Iran Seeks Trade Opportunities in Afghanistan * Iran is paving a 130 km road between Doluqan and Herat as part of a plan to exploit post-Taliban trade opportunities with Afghanistan, writes Deutsche-Press Agenteur in a report from the Iran-Afghanistan border. (Siavash Ardalan) Reformist Cleric Speaks at MIT * Mohsen Kadivar, a Qom cleric who was jailed for 18 months for likening the Supreme Leader to the Shah, said in a lecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that Esfahan prayer leader Ayatollah Jalaledin Taheri spoke for all Iranians in his extensive criticisms of the Islamic Republic in his resignation letter. (Alireza Taheri) 22nd Anniversary of Shah's Death * In a ceremony at the al-Refahi mosque in Cairo, former empress Farah Pahlavi honored the memory of her husband Mohammad Reza on the 22nd anniversary of his death. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) Russia to Proceed with Building Nuclear Plants in Iran * The Russian prime minister announced that Russia plans to build four more nuclear power plants in Iran. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Russia exported $900 million worth of goods in 2000 and 2001 to Iran and is Tehran's third largest trade partner after Germany and UAE, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. Russia is itself an importer of western oil and gas technology and competes with Iran in energy markets. (Shireen Famili) * Anatol Lieven, a Carnegie Endowment for Peace senior analyst, said the decision announced by the Russian prime minister needs president Putin's approval. Selling nuclear technology to Iran is one of the few levers left for Russia in dealing with the US. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) WORLD * Al-Aqsa martyrs brigade of Arafat's al-Fath organization claimed responsibility for the deaths of four Israelis Friday. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * A Hamas spokesman told German newspaper Frankfurter Rundschau that suicide bombings will continue so long as Israel occupies Palestinian territories. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * More than 45 percent of Palestinian children suffer from malnutrition, reports AFP quoting Saeb Briqat, head of a Palestinian peace negotiating team. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * US invites Tehran-based Saddam Hussein foes Ayatollah Baqer Hakim and five of his allies to talks in Washington. (Fariba Mavedat, London) * German defense minister extended the mission of German troops in Afghanistan but disagreed with expansion beyond Kabul of the mission of the multi-national forces. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Afghan transitional government's women's affairs minister Habibeh Sarabi, received $1.4 million from the UN Women's Development Fund to build four educational centers in Afghanistan. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Sudanese President meets with rebel leader John Garang in Uganda to pave the way for the secession of the Christian-dominated southern provinces of Sudan. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Serbian political parties ousted Serbian president's democratic party from the ruling coalition. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Seven Afghan ministers warn that lack of funds may derail Afghanistan's reconstruction programs in a Georgetown University conference attended by 500. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Italian soccer clubs face financial problems. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * The assassination plot against Czech journalist Sabina Slonkova. (Alireza Taheri) * US honors singer Placido Domingo. (Golnaz Esfandiari) ARTS AND IDEAS New York Magazine * New York-based Taziyeh Director Mohammad Baqer Ghaffari tells RFE/RL about his experience directing 18 performers from Iran at the Lincoln Center's Summer Festival. New York University professor and Taziyeh scholar Iraj Anvar tells RFE/RL about the influence of Taziyeh on western theater. They also address the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal articles that question the wisdom of showing Taziyeh, which is a celebration of Islamic concept of martyrdom, in the post September 11 New York. (Behnam Nateghi) New Political Thought in Contemporary Iran: Haji Baba-ye Esfahani * Paris-based political history scholar Javad Tabatabai reviews Mirza Habib Esfahani's translation of James Morier's Haji Baba, which paved the way for a new Persian prose capable of expressing contemporary concepts. (Nazi Azima)

دادگاه انقلاب اسلامي در راي صادره عليه فعالان سياسي نهضت آزادي و ملي مذهبي، كه 14 ماه بعد از دستگيري آنها در فروردين 1380 اعلام شد، حكم به انحلال نهضت آزادي داد. از ميان 52 نفر اعضاي شوراي مركزي نهضت آزادي، يازده نفر تبرئه شدند و ديگران به چهار ماه تا ده سال حبس و پرداخت جريمه نقدی محكوم شدند. هاشم صباغيان و محمد توسلي، وزراي سابق دولت موقت مهدي بازرگان به ترتيب به ده سال و نه سال حبس محكوم شدند. احمد صدر حاج سيد جوادي، 84 ساله، از بنيانگذاران نضهت آزادي و وزير سابق دادگستري جمهوري اسلامي، به شلاق و پرداخت دو ميليون تومان جريمه نقدي محكوم شد. وي در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: اين احكام ظالمانه است. محمد علي دادخواه، وكيل مدافع بعضي از اعضاي نهضت آزادي، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي دادگاه انقلاب را براي رسيدگي به جرائم سياسي فاقد صلاحيت توصيف مي كند و مي گويد نسبت به حكم صادره تقاضاي تجديد نظر خواهد كرد. تقي رحماني، يكي از اعضاي ائتلاف نيروهاي ملي مذهبي، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: بر عكس آنچه در اين حكم آمده دعوت كننده به ائتلاف، نهضت آزادي نبود و هدف آن نيز نه براندازي، بلكه شركت در انتخابات مجلس شوراي اسلامي بود. احمد سلامتيان، تحليلگرسياسي در پاريس، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: اين حكم از نظر لحن و محتوا، بسيار شديد، بي سابقه و تحريك آميز است.

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