لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

چهارشنبه ۱ آذر ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۰۱:۴۴

مرگ دختر 11 ساله آباداني زير كتك پدر: قوانين ايران و كودك آزاري، از ديد رئيس انجمن حمايت از كودكان

ماه منير رحيمي، مصاحبه با شيوا دولت آبادي (تهران)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, July 30, 2002 - Child abuse laws - Solana ends Tehran visit - Some reformists call for US relations - Iran on the verge of chaos - US moderate reaction to Russia-Iran nuclear cooperation - Legalization of prostitution - Probe into religious economic cartels - Transfer of energy ministry functions to cooperatives ministry - Textile industry crisis Iran's Laws and Prosecution of Child Abusers * An 11-year-old Abadani girl was beaten to death by her father yesterday, but under current laws, the judiciary cannot prosecute the father for murder. A bill approved by the Majles to protect all children under 18 from any abuse and maltreatment, including parental abuse, was rejected by the conservative Guardians Council that found the bill incompatible with the fathers' Islamic guardianship right. Shiva Dolatabadi, head of the Society for Protecting Children, tells RFE/RL that there must be a way for interpreting religious laws for the benefit of human beings. She says so long as the current interpretation of Islamic codes stands, the child protection organizations, the national healthcare organization, police and the judiciary cannot intervene; even teachers cannot legally confront fathers if they refuse to send their kids to school. (Mahmonir Rahimi) EU Foreign Policy Coordinator Ends Tehran Visit * At the end of his one-day visit to Tehran Javier Solana, the EU's foreign policy representative, said yesterday that there are two centers of power in Iran. He said negotiations on an EU-Iran economic cooperation agreement will begin in October, but before such a treaty could be signed Iran must meet four conditions regarding terrorism, mass destruction weapons, recognition of Israel and the Middle East peace. (Alireza Taheri) * Solana told Iran that better relations depend on the improvement of human rights and recognition of Israel, writes Frankfurter Allgemeine. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) Renewed call for US-Iran Relations * In spite of the official ban on press discussions of Iran-US relations, Mostafa Tajzadeh, former deputy interior minister and a board member of the leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), called for negotiations with the US in an article for the reformist website emrooz.org; and warned that if not now, the regime might have to take part in such negotiations later when its position might be even weaker than today. Though the Supreme Leader rejected such ideas last Saturday during his strongly worded attack on MIRO's statement regretting lost opportunities for talks with the US, it seems that the call for normalization of relations with the US cannot be silenced. (Siavash Ardalan) Iran on the Verge of Chaos * The spread of dissent in the wake of increased factional fighting within the government has placed Iran at the brink of chaos, writes Jane's Intelligence Digest. (Jamshid Zand) US Reaction to the Expansion of Russia-Iran Nuclear Cooperation * Russia announced that it would build six more nuclear power plants in Iran. US reaction to Russia's announcement was conspicuously moderate. Experts believe that by making such announcements Russia seeks to increase the reward it expects to receive from the US for stopping its nuclear cooperation with the Islamic Republic. The reward may include forgiving more than $42 billion in loans to US banks owed by the former Soviet Union. (Siavash Ardalan) * Tehran's installation of anti-air defenses around the Bushehr nuclear power plant has intensified debates in Washington and Tel Aviv over whether the plant should be allowed to come on line as scheduled in the next two or three years, writes the Washington Post. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Legalization of Prostitution as Islamic Short Term Marriage A proposed organization for registering short-term Islamic marriages between prostitutes and their clients met with strong opposition from reformists and women's rights advocates in Iran, who called the project an Islamic cover for legalization of prostitution. As a result of the mounting criticism, the judiciary, interior ministry, the police and other government organizations issued statements condemning the plan and denying having anything to do with it. Ashraf Borujerdi, the interior ministry's social deputy, said the plan resembles parts of a plan for "sexual healthcare" that the interior ministry has been working on. * Paris-based scholar Azadeh Kian tells RFE/RL that most Iranians consider the Islamic short marriage as a form of prostitution, but the plan to legalize prostitution through "chastity houses" would help clean up the streets from prostitutes, and would protect prostitutes and their clients against sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS. (Mahmonir Rahimi) * Establishing Islamic prostitution houses under the name of Efaf, or Chastity, turned into a hot debate between conservatives and reformists in Iran's government, reports the Associated Press. (Shahran Tabari) Supreme Leader Authorized Probe of Semi-Governmental Economic Cartels * Inspector general Ebrahim Raisi said the Supreme Leader has authorized audits of the religious economic foundations under his control, including Mashhad's powerful Razavi foundation, which is in charge of the vast endowments of the Imam Reza Shrine and is said to have a budget larger than that of the government. But Tehran University political science professor Ahmad Naqibzadeh tells RFE/RL that even a team of best-trained auditors working for ten years would not be able to figure out the complicated business transactions of these organizations. He says the audits may not result in any prosecution, because when signs of financial wrongdoing previously surfaced in the Bonyad-e Mostazefan, the Supreme Leader supported the individuals responsible even though doing so lessened his personal prestige and the regime's legitimacy. The religious economic monopolies under the Supreme Leader enjoy a Mafia-like power, and are entangled in disputes and lawsuits with the government and provincial governors all over Iran. (Mehdi Khalaji) Energy Ministry Transfers Most of its Duties to Cooperatives Ministry * In a surprise agreement announced by the public relations office of the cooperatives ministry, the energy ministry transferred some of its functions, such as water distribution, building and maintaining power lines and manufacturing water purification equipment, to the cooperatives ministry. The PR announcement said these functions are earmarked for future privatization. Economist Manuchehr Kiai attacks the agreement in today's issue of Tehran's "Asia" daily as a bizarre "management innovation." He questions the authority of the energy ministry to transfer to another ministry the functions it has failed to properly carry out. He adds that no relation exists between the transferred functions and the legal duties of the cooperatives ministry. (Jamshid Zand) Crisis in Textile Industry * Widespread labor action against textile factories has deepened the textile industry's ongoing crisis. Smuggled foreign imports, blamed by government officials as the cause of the industry's troubles, are in fact the result of the industry's own poor products. Government control is at the core of the demise of Iran's textile industry. Another factor is the labor law and other regulations that scare away private investors. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) WORLD * Five Israelis die in Jerusalem in the latest suicide bombing attack by Palestinian terrorists. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Afghan police foils a plot to assassinate government officials with a car bomb. (Alireza Taheri) * Foreign ministers from the 10 members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) vowed at the end of their two-day conference in Brunei to cooperate in fighting terrorism and secessionist activists. (Shahran Tabari) * US Secretary of State Colin Powell meets with prime minister Mahatir Muhammad of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. (Alireza Taheri) * South Korea expresses readiness for talks with North Korea. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Egypt sentences Cairo University professor Sadreddin Ebrahim, a US citizen to seven years in jail for selling false intelligence about Egypt to foreign countries. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Egypt sentences 16 members of the Muslim Brotherhood to five years in jail. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Pakistan is lax on enforcing laws against Islamic schools that provided new recruits for Taliban and al Qaeda, charges international crisis management organization. (Jamshid Zand) * Jordan king Abdullah meets British Prime Minister Tony Blair. He tells reporters that his uncle's meeting with dissident Iraqi officers in London was not officially authorized. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * UAE bans exploitation of children under 15 in camel races. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) ARTS AND IDEAS Love Stories from the Shahnameh: Siavash and Sudabeh * Sadredin Elahi continues recitation of the tragic love story of Siavash and Sudabeh, based on Ferdowsi's epic, the Shahnameh. Weekly Book Review Show * RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews four books recently published in Iran, including Persian translations of the stories of the Torah and "Nietzsche and Post Modernism" by David Robinson.

دختر 11 ساله آباداني زير كتك هاي پدر جان باخت. نمايندگان مجلس طرحي تهيه كردند كه به مدعي العموم اجازه مي دهد افراد زير 18 سال را در برابر هر نوع خشونت حمايت كند. اما شوراي نگهبان اين طرح را به سبب مغايرت آن با اصل اسلامي قيمومت پدر رد كرد. طبق قوانين اسلامي، حتي پدرهائي كه مرتكب قتل فرزند شوند از تعقيب قانوني مصون هستند. شيوا دولت آبادي، رئيس انجمن حمايت كودكان ايران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد گزارش موارد كودك آزادي افزايش يافته است. وي مي گويد بيمارستان ها مشاهدات خود از آثار شلاق و آتش سيگار بر بدن كودكان را به اين سازمان گزارش مي دهند. وي مي افزايد: بايد راه حلي براي تفسير قوانين عرفي و اسلامي به نفع انسان ها وجود داشته باشد، زيرا در حال حاضر دست انجمن حمايت از كودكان، سازمان بهزيستي وحتي قوه قضائيه هم براي حمايت از كودكان و نوجوانان تحت آزار بسته است.

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