گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با گوهر غیرت (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, August 26, 2002
- US wrestlers pull out of world championship in Tehran
- China to fine companies involved in missile technology transfer to Iran
- Majles approves bill allowing women to seek divorce
- Oil ministry withdraws its complaint against Janati
- MP protests hospital's keeping newborn as payment guarantee
- MIRO defends Aghajari, attacks autocratic clerics
- Conservative bazaar group sues to dissolve MIRO
- Reza Pahlavi calls for non-violent resistance
- Daily reports on the Internet, science, books and education
US Pulls Out of World Wrestling Championship in Tehran
* Citing threats against the U.S. team, USA Wrestling pulled out of the world championships of freestyle wrestling set for September 4-7 in Tehran. A spokesman for the wrestling federation of Iran told RFE/RL that there is no reason to worry about the security of the US team in Iran. (Alireza Taheri)
US Officials Ask China to Stop Missile Technology Transfer to Iran
* A few hours after the arrival of US State Department Deputy Secretary Richard Armitage in Beijing, China announced new fines against companies involved in missile technology transfer to Iran. Analysts say the move seeks to please the US in advance of the US-China summit. (Jamshid Zand)
Majles Approves Bill Allowing Women Conditional Right to Divorce
The Majles approved a bill giving women equal right for divorce, under certain conditions, including non-payment of "nafaqeh," cash and kind compensation due to a woman by her husband under Islam that includes a level of comfort and care appropriate to her upbringing and social status.
* Tehran bar association board member Gowhar Gheyrat tells RFE/RL that the new bill amends the article in Iran's civil code that clearly gives divorce right exclusively to men. She says the bill is similar to the Family Protection Law that was approved in 1975 but was annulled after the revolution. She says she hopes Guardians Council would ratify the bill. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Oil Ministry Withdraws its Complaint Against Guardians Council Secretary
* On the advice of President Khatami, the oil ministry withdrew its complaint against Ayatollah Ahmad Janati, secretary of the Guardians Council, who had accused the ministry of financial corruption during a Friday prayer speech. In his speech, Janati said he would turn over to the courts his evidence of the oil ministry corruption. The oil ministry sued after Janati failed to come up with any evidence. A while ago, then deputy interior minister Mostafa Tajzadeh sued Janati for illegally voiding election results in some districts in order to change the outcome, but that complaint did not produce anything result in the special court for the clergy, where it was filed. (Mehdi Khalaji).
MP Protests Hospital's Keeping Baby for Non-Payment
* In a letter to healthcare minister Masud Pezeshkian, Bijar MP Mohammad Mohammad-Rezai complained that a Zanjan hospital has kept a newborn child for 17 months for his parents' non-payment of the delivery bill. He tells RFE/RL that with his letter he wants to draw attention to the arbitrary actions of some government officials. He says the child's parents could not afford the $120 hospital bill and their request for help to the Supreme Leader's charity Komiteh-ye Emdad-e Emam and the city's Friday prayer leader bore no result. He adds that hospital's keeping the child as payment guarantee violates a recent Majles bill that bans denial of service to patients by hospitals for financial reasons. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
MIRO Defends Board Member Aghajari, Attacks Autocratic Clerics
* In a letter to independent Shiite clergy in defense of Tehran University professor and MIRO central committee member Hashem Aghajari, the leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO) attacked "autocratic clerics" and supported Aghajari's criticism of the Shiite practice of emulation. Aghajari is now in a Hamedan jail awaiting his trial for apostasy. MIRO said emulation is not an Islamic principle and criticizing it is not apostasy. MIRO divided the Shiite clergy into three categories and said in pursuit of political power, the autocratic clergy has no concern for religion, people or the regime. (Alireza Taheri)
Conservative Bazaar Association Calls for MIRO's Dissolution
* A conservative association of bazaar merchants close to Hey'at-e Mo'talefeh-ye Eslami filed a complaint against MIRO and asked for its dissolution. The complaint was first filed at the interior ministry's political parties committee, but was withdrawn after the bazaar association decided that the committee favors reformists. Dissolution of MIRO, whose principle members are Majles MPs and have followers in the government and within the revolutionary guards, would prove more difficult than the court ordered dissolution of the nationalist opposition party the Freedom Movement of Iran, says RFE/RL's Mehdi Khalaji.
Reza Pahlavi Calls for Non-Violent Resistance
* During interviews aired by Los Angeles-based radio and television broadcasts to Iran, Reza Pahlavi, son of the former Shah of Iran, encourages his followers to resist the regime by non-violent acts, such as work slowdown, writes the Associated Press. It quotes US-based political analyst Gary Sick who says the regime fears Pahlavi more than any other opposition leader, even though Pahlavi lacks political organization in Iran. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* Thebes mapping project redesigns its Internet site with an interactive atlas of the Valley of the Kings. Also, a US Federal Judge keeps the clicking on hyperlinks in web pages free of charge by rejecting a BT Group's pattern infringement claim against Internet service provider Prodigy. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews "A Poetic Dialogue with Bamdad," a collection of poetry celebrating the work of Ahmad Shamlu, edited by Hossein Alizadeh and Mojtaba Zamiri.
Interview with the writer of "Those Who Misuse Word of God"
* Mostafa Danesh, writer of the German book "Those Who Misuse Word of God" tells RFE/RL that in his book he addresses Islamic terrorism and September 11 attack on New York and Washington. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Daily Science Report: AIDS in Africa
* Former South African president, Nelson Mandela, revealed that he lost young relatives to AIDS in an attempt to break the stigma against the disease in his country. An estimated 4.7 million South Africans, 11 percent of the population, is HIV positive, but South African government refuses to make drugs available to AIDS sufferers, maintaining that they are expensive and their safety remains unproven. Nelson Mandela, who has actively promoted AIDS awareness since stepping down as president in 1999, has repeatedly criticized the government's position. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
The Impact of the Increasing Number of Women in Universities
According to a report cited yesterday in a conference at Tehran University on the political, social and economic impact of the increasing number of women in universities, the ratio of women to men in Iran's institutions of higher education has increased from 27 percent in 1979 to 47 percent in 2001, while the number of women studying in universities has multiplied 12 fold during the same period.
* Paris-based sociologist and expert on education Said Peyvandi says the growing number of women university graduates worries the officials since that increases women's social demands, raises the marriage age and intensifies the unemployment problem of university graduates in a country where only 10 percent of government and business workforce are women. Conservatives believe that by using quotas, the government should reduce the number of women in universities, but reformists say reforms in the job market and government would provide more employment opportunities for women. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Song: Mehr-va-Mah (Sun and Moon)
* RFE/RL's music critic plays a new version of the song Mehr-va-Mah (Sun and Moon) performed by Mohammad Esfahani, by the 1960's team of songwriter Karim Fakur and composer Ataollah Khoram.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins latest Persian pop tunes.
In Memory of Poet Mehdi Akhavan Sales
* On the anniversary of his death, RFE/RL pays tribute to contemporary poet Mehdi Akhavan Sales in a program of his poetry in his own voice and interview segments recorded by prominent journalists. (Nazi Azima)
* UN's Sustained Development Conference begins in Johannesburg, South Africa. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Pope sends message to Sustained Development conference. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Spain bans moral support of Basque terrorist group ATA. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Sudanese officials meet with southern Sudan Christian rebel leaders in Nairobi. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Russia to train Afghan army units in Tajikistan. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Iraq sends delegations to Arab countries in order to improve relations. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait warned the US against possible military action against Saddam. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
بر اساس يك مصوبه جديد مجلس شوراي اسلامي، زنان ميتوانند در شرايط خاصي از دادگاه تقاضاي طلاق کنند. گوهر غيرت، حقوقدان و عضو هيات مديره کانون وکلا در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي ميگويد: قانون مدني با صراحت اختيار مطلق طلاق را به مرد ميدهد. اما تقاضاي طلاق زنان تنها در شرايطي خاص مانند اعتياد، محکوميت کيفري، يا بيماري شوهر پذيرفته ميشود. وي ميافزايد: مصوبه جديد مجلس به قانون حمايت از خانواده كه در سال 1353 در ايران به تصويب رسيد شكايت دارد و به زن و مرد حق مي دهد كه در شرايط خاصي تقاضاي طلاق كنند. وي ميگويد: اميدواريم شوراي نگهبان اين مصوبه را رد نکند. وي ميافزايد: اثبات شرايط طلاق براي زنان، مانند عسر و حرج، بسيار مشکل است.
مجلس شوراي اسلامي در اين مصوبه نفقه زن را نيازهاي متناسب با وضعيت زن، مانند مسكن، پوشاك، اثاث منزل و درمان تعريف كرد. براساس اين مصوبه، اگر زني به علت بيماري يا عادت، به خدمتكار نياز داشته باشد، مرد بايد هزينه آن را به عنوان نفقه بپردازد.