گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با داوود هرميداس باوند (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, September 08, 2002
- Kharrazi on US-Iran Relations
- Court orders Hamshahri to stop national distribution
- Oil industry crisis
- Eurobond offering
- Khatami's brother questions the Supreme Leader's power
- Majles abandons ratification of convention against abuse of women
- Plan to kill Tehran's cats
- Recession in the film industry
- Iran and the UN earth summit
- RFE/RL Roundtable: Possibility of Reforms
Foreign Minister Kharrazi on US-Iran Relations
Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi said in a press conference today that Iran is ready to hear any new US ideas about improving relations. He said instead of praising Iran's positive role in Afghanistan, US includes Iran in the "Axis of Evil," and supports "terrorist" groups trying to topple the Islamic regime. He said Iran cannot remain indifferent to developments in the region, such as a possible US military action against the Iraqi regime.
* Tehran University professor Davud Hermidas-Bavand tells RFE/RL that US activities in Pakistan and Iraq have consequences for Iran. While Iran wants Iraq to comply with UN resolutions, it opposes any US military action in Iraq that is not sanctioned by the UN. He compares Iran's position with that of Turkey, which opposes independence for Iraqi Kurds, but does not object to a US attack on Iraq. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Court Orders Tehran Municipal Government's Newspaper to Stop National Distribution
The press court ordered Hamshahri, organ of the Tehran municipal administration, to stop its national distribution.
* Tehran-based journalist Naser Karami tells RFE/RL that the 1999 press law limits newspapers' distribution to the geographical jurisdiction of their license holders. He adds that Hamshahri may be able to resume its national distribution if its license could be transferred to the interior ministry or a corporation. Without national distribution, Hamshahri may have to close down, which would mean that Iran would lose the only national newspaper that cares about environmental issues and ecology. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Russia's Oil Ministry Weekly on Crisis in Iran's Oil Industry
* Domestic political conflicts, shortage of foreign investments and rising domestic consumption are bringing Iran's oil industry to the brink of crisis, writes Caspian, the Russian oil ministry's weekly. In order to keep its 13 percent share of OPEC output, Iran would need $30 billion in new investments within the next 10 years. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
Success of Iran's Eurobond Issue
* The price of Iran's first Eurobonds rose by 4 percent, according to Mohammad Jafar Mojarrad. He said 53 percent of the buyers are from the Middle East, 42 percent from Europe and the rest from the Far East. Iran's success in its first Eurobond offering is also political, since they were issued as a reaction to the US economic sanctions. Iran is now planning a second offering. Domestic critics say, however, that the country's relatively large foreign exchange reserve makes foreign borrowing through bond offerings at the high interest rate of 8.75 percent unnecessary. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
Khatami's Brother Questions Supreme Leader's Absolute Authority
President Khatami's younger brother Mohammad-Reza, deputy Majles speaker, called for secularization of political power in Iran. Responding to the conservative Mo'talefeh party chief Habibollah Askaroladi's criticism of the pro-reform Participation Front party he heads, Khatami said the Guardians Council should clarify whether the Supreme Leader is above the law or his authority falls within the framework of the law.
* Paris-based political commentator Ahmad Salamatian tells RFE/RL that Khatami's brother says if the Supreme Leader is, as the conservatives say, above the constitution, then democratic institutions like the Majles and presidency have no function other than window dressing. (Shireen Famili)
Majles Abandons Bill to Join International Convention against Abuse of Women
Tehran MP Elaheh Kulai said the Majles has abandoned ratification of Iran's membership in the international convention against all forms of abuse of women, due to pressure from the conservative Shiite clerics.
* Paris-based sociologist and women's right activist Azadeh Kian tells RFE/RL that conservative clerics oppose women's right to seek divorce, but that bill was approved by the Majles and the clerics eventually agreed to it. However, she adds that joining international conventions does not guarantee the implementation of their provisions. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Animal Rights Activists Oppose Plan to Kill Cats
A plan to systematically destroy cats in Tehran was approved by the Tehran province's social security and healthcare council as a means to fight rabies.
* Director of the Society to Protect Animals Javid Ale-Davud tells RFE/RL that his organization would resist the plan to kill cats since cats help control rats, and prevention of rabies can be accomplished through vaccination. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Recession in Iran's Film Industry
* Iran's minimalist art-house films may win accolades abroad, but many young Iranians would rather watch uncensored films on satellite television, according to a Reuters report from Tehran. (Alireza Taheri)
Iran and the UN Earth Summit in Johannesburg
Instead of President Khatami, Iran sent its environment protection organization chief Masumeh Ebtekar to the Earth Summit in Johannesburg.
* Tehran-based environment journalist Naser Karami tells RFE/RL that due to political and social problems, environmental issues are not taken seriously in Iran. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
RFE/RL Roundtable: Is Reform Possible in the Islamic Republic
* Parviz Varjavand, the first post-revolutionary culture minister (Tehran), Dariush Homayoun, the last press minister of the pre-revolution regime (Geneva) and republican political activist Amir-Hossein Ganjbakhsh (Washington) discuss the possibility of reforms in the Islamic Republic. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report: Bokhara Magazine
* Arts and culture journal Bokhara, written by prominent scholars, increases its reach from a few thousand to hundreds of thousands by publishing on the Internet. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Reports from Venice Film Festival
* Naser Refahi, director of "Emtehan" (Exam) tells RFE/RL that his movie deals with the national university entrance exam. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Venice)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews "Beyond Post-Modernism" written by Ali-Asghar Haqdar.
Seven Artists Exhibit in Cologne
* Cologne-based artist Naser Hosseini says this year's exhibit of Iranian artists is larger than previous exhibits, due to the positive notices in the German press. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Daily Science Report
* The warming of earth's temperature increases diseases spread by insects, says Dr. Richard Ostfeld of the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in New York. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Song on September 11 by Iranian Songwriter Azari
* Paris-based Alexander Azari, songwriter and singer of "Two Minutes of Silence," says he dedicates his song about the September 11 victims to the listeners of RFE/RL. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Interview: Afghan Refugees in Iran
* Paris-based sociologist Ehsan Naraghi discusses the Afghan refugees in Iran with Afghan poet Latif Pedram and Said Razavi-Faqih, political secretary of the pro-government Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat, the union of Islamic student associations. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Prime Minister Tony Blair struggles to convince domestic opposition to military action against Saddam's regime in Iraq. MP Bernard Jenkin, spokesman of opposition conservative party on defense, tells RFE/RL that he has no doubt about Saddam's ability to produce and deploy mass destruction weapons. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi to discuss Iraq and the Middle East with President Bush. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* German Chancellor asks President Bush to discuss his plan against Saddam's regime with US allies. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Thousands of illegal immigrants demonstrate in Paris. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Afghanistan commemorates the first anniversary of the assassination of the anti-Taliban leader Ahmad Shah Massud. RFE/RL airs an interview with Massud from its archives. (Alireza Taheri)
* Special report on the anniversary of the September 11 attacks on the US. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
كمال خرازي، وزيرامور خارجه جمهوري اسلامي سخنان روز جمعه كالين پاول، وزير امور خارجه آمريكا را تكرار حرف هاي گذشته خواند و گفت: اگر آمريكا پيشنهاد جديدي دارد ارايه كند. كالين پاول، وزير خارجه آمريكا گفته بود: افراد القاعده در ايران پناهگاه يافته اند ولي رفتار جمهوري اسلامي را ناشي از مبارزه قدرت ميان دو جناح آن دانست و گفت حكومت ايران است كه بايد گام اول را در راه بهبود روابط بردارد. خرازي گفت: ايران قبل از آنكه آمريكا به طالبان بپردازد، با تروريسم در افغانستان مبارزه مي كرد ولي آمريكا نام ايران را در فهرست كشورهاي عضو محور شرارت قرار داد. خرازي افزود: ما نمي توانيم نسبت به تحولات نزديك خود مانند حمله به عراق بي تفاوت باشيم. . دكتر داوود هرميداس باوند، كارشناس امور بين الملل در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: فعاليت آمريكا در غرب و شرق ايران در هر حال پيامدهائي همراه دارد. وي مي گويد: موضع اول ايران درقبال عراق اينست كه عراق بايد قطعنامه هاي شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل را اجرا كند، دوم اينكه هر اقدامي عليه حكومت عراق بايد در چارچوب سازمان ملل باشد و سوم اينكه اصولا جمهوري اسلامي با حمله به عراق موافق نيست. وي مي افزايد تركيه، ضمن مخالفت با حمله آمريكا به عراق، خواستار اداره مشترك نقاط شمالي عراق است و ادعاي خود را نسبت به مالكيت موسل و كركوك تكرار مي كند.