Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, October 13, 2002
- Khatami heads for Turkey
- Legal advice in police stations
- Islamic protocol for Khatami in Spain
- Special Forces' ethnic recruiting
- German PEN Faults Tehran on freedom of speech
- Tehran fails to sell books at Frankfurt fair
- Flat non-oil exports
- RFE/RL Roundtable: Civil Disobedience
Khatami Heads for Turkey
* President Khatami left Tehran for Turkey on Sunday to attend the 7th summit of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO). Iran is to hand over the ceremonial presidency of ECO to Turkey on Monday. In advance of the summit, ECO foreign ministers held a two-day meeting in Istanbul in which nearly everyone criticized ECO for having done nothing to advance economic cooperation among the 10 member states. (Alireza Taheri)
Lawyer on Duty: Legal Advice in Police Stations
* Tehran police chief Mohammad Talai proposed offering legal advice in police stations by on-duty lawyers. Tehran-based lawyer Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi tells RFE/RL that people who file complaints in police stations and courts are not aware of their rights and the legal procedures. A lawyer's advice can reduce repeated and redundant visits to courts, he adds. However, there is no regulation for placing lawyers in police stations. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
Khatami's Demands Irks Spanish Royal Court
* A team of Iranian protocol officials, who visited Spain in advance of President Khatami's October 28 official visit, asked that all women attending functions with Khatami wear Islamic scarves, and no alcohol be served at any meetings and official banquets, according to Barcelona's daily newspaper El Periodico. Spain's royal court cancelled its planned dinner in Khatami's honor. The queen and prime minister's wife said they would not attend any function with Khatami. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
Persian and Arabic Speaking Jobs Remain Unfilled in the US Special Forces
* Fifty-six percent of open positions for Arabic speaking personnel and 86 percent of jobs for Persian speaking personnel remained unfilled in the US special forces, according to General Accounting Office. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
German PEN Condemns Freedom of Speech Violations in Iran
* In its annual press conference at the Frankfurt international book fair, the German PEN condemned press censorship in Iran, China and Peru. (Alireza Taheri)
Writer Faults Tehran for Poor Performance at Frankfurt Book Fair
* Exiled Iranian writer Faraj Sarkuhi, a member of German PEN, tells RFE/RL that the 26-member delegation sent by Tehran to the Frankfurt book fair failed to promote Iranian literature. At a time when European publishers thirst for new work by Iranian writers, representatives of government publishing houses had little to offer other than postcards, picture books and tourist brochures on Iran. (Shireen Famili)
Eighth Tabriz Non-Oil Exports Conference
* Government officials and experts noted the flat performance of Iran's non-oil exports at the eighth Tabriz chamber of commerce, industries and mines' conference on expansion of non-oil exports. During the past seven years, Iran's income from non-oil exports has been flat around $4 billion per year, one-seventh of Turkey's. State domination of most economic levers, political and legal insecurity and foreign policy tensions prevent Iran's from breaking out of its single-product economy. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
Civil Society and Human Rights: Press Court Jury
* Washington-based lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar discusses the makeup of the new press court jury, which is dominated by hardline conservatives.
RFE/RL Roundtable: Civil Disobedience
Three analysts debate the possible application of civil disobedience and other alternative means for establishing democracy in Iran.
* Tehran-based nationalist-religious political activist Taqi Rahmani says resorting to civil disobedience would be too hasty at a time when the outcome of the reform movement has not been fully evaluated.
* Berlin-based leftist activist and former Tehran University professor Ahmad Tahmasbi says discussion of civil disobedience would distance us from radical means, such as armed resistance. However, civil disobedience should have a specific time frame and target.
* George Mason University sociology professor Mehrdad Mashayekhi says civil disobedience must be accompanied with the demand for structural change - not reform. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
ARTS AND IDEAS
* Veteran children's film director Marzieh Borumand, head of the international jury of the Isfahan children's film festival, tells RFE/RL that 12 films from Canada, Norway, Denmark, France, Britain, India, Sri Lanka and Iran compete in the festival's main program. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Daily Internet Report
* Theban mapping project offers an atlas of its detailed maps of underground tombs and chambers of Egypt's Valley of the Kings. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews Russian scholar Morris Simashko's historical novel Mazdak, translated in Persian by Mehdi Sahabi.
Daily Science Report
* Genetic research has identified the gene that makes influenza potentially lethal. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Festival of Films on History of Music in Iran
* Cologne-based film critic tells RFE/RL about his selections for the film series of Iran Art Center (Kanun-e Honar-e Iran) of films that display a part of the history of music in Iran. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Song: Khaterat (Memories)
* RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic plays Khaterat, performed by Esfandiar Qarabaghi.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Interview: Fairness and Right in Islam and Christianity
* Paris-based sociologist interviews Sorbonne University international law professor Farhad Ameli about the concept of fairness and right in Islam and Christianity. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* 180 die in car bomb attacks on two nightclubs in Bali, Indonesia. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* In his talks with President Putin, Prime Minister Tony Blair failed to get Russia's support for possible military action against Iraq, according to today's Moscow press. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Iraq's vice president Taha Yasin Ramadan says Iraq is ready to open presidential palaces for inspection by the UN weapons inspectors. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Representatives of more than 100 international oil companies meet with energy officials of some OPEC countries on the sidelines of Abu Dhabi's oil trade fair to discuss ways to keep oil prices from rising in reaction to the possible US military attack on Iraq. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Review of US and Britain newspapers on Jimmy Carter's Nobel peace prize. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe wins German publishers associations' peace prize at the Frankfurt international book fair. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Campaign to reduce the use of antibiotics in France. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Italian human rights organization "Hands Off Cain" campaigns to prevent stoning to death of a Nigerian woman. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
هفتمين اجلاس كشورهاي عضو سازمان همكاري اقتصادي (اكو) با شركت سران ده كشور عضو، از جمله محمدخاتمي، رئيس جمهوري اسلامي، دوشنبه آغاز مي شود. از اجلاس در حالي بر پا مي شود كه هيچ يك از اعضاي اكو از عملكرد اين سازمان راضي نيست. در گردهمائي دوروزه وزراي امور خارجه كشورهاي عضو انتقاد از عملكرد اين سازمان صريح و آشكار بود.