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جمعه ۲۹ تیر ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۱۹:۳۳

جمهوري اسلامي در بهاي گاز صادراتي ايران به تركيه تخفيف داد

سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با دو كارشناس نفت و سه عضو كميسيون انرژي مجلس

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceThursday, October 17, 2002 - Iran cuts gas prices for Turkey - Russian press on Khatami's Ukraine visit - Tehran's change of tone on Israel - Polling institute director goes to jail - Lawyer Dadkhah loses appeal - Kurdish-Iranian filmmaker protests US visa regulations - Caspian deforestation - Daycare centers Gas Exports to Turkey Resume after Discount * Iranian gas exports to Turkey resumed after Tehran agreed to reduce the price and penalties Turkey had to pay for non-compliance. Iranian oil officials did not make public the discount rate, but Turkey's NTV reported it as 9 percent. Three MPs, all members of the Majles energy committee, tell RFE/RL that they are satisfied that the price cut was necessary, even though they do not know how much it is. Kazeroun MP Baqeri-Nezhadian says the price cut may have been accompanied with guarantees from Turkey on other issues. Abadan MP Mohammad Rashidian says the discount is not against Iran's interests. MP Taheri-Najafabadi tells RFE/RL that Iran competes with other gas producers in the region. S Paris-based oil and gas expert tells RFE/RL that since the revolution, Iran's oil ministry has never revealed the terms of its contracts with foreign buyers. (Siavash Ardalan) Russian and Ukrainian Press on Khatami's Kiev Visit * Russian-language newspapers reported that nuclear cooperation, as well as oil and gas transportation deals, were among the agreements Khatami signed with Ukraine. Ukrainian newspaper Nezavisimost wrote that countries like Iraq and Sudan turn to Ukraine and Belarus after Russia refuses to sell them certain types of advanced weapons, so one can ask whether Iran-Ukraine advanced technology cooperation agreement covers production of mass destruction weapons. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Tehran Changes Tone on Israel Recognition * Foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi and cabinet spokesman Abdollah Ramezanzadeh said Iran would not oppose the existence of Israel, if the Jewish and Palestinian residents of historical Palestine choose a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Palestinian Authority's foreign minister Nabil Shas called Tehran's change of tone on Israel a tactical move to please the US. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) Judiciary Jails Polling Institute Chief Behzad Geranpayeh, head of the culture ministry's public opinion survey institute, whose poll showed a majority of Iranians favor normal relations with the US, went to jail on Wednesday after failing to post 2 billion rials ($250,000) in bail. The head of Iran's official news agency IRNA and the spokesman of the Majles board of directors were also interrogated for commissioning and reporting the survey, which the judiciary maintains was fabricated. Rutgers University professor Houshang Amir-Ahmadi, director of the US-Iran relations advocacy group "American-Iranian Council," tells RFE/RL that the survey showed the huge gap on US relations between people and government. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Nationalist-Religious Coalition Lawyer Loses Appeal * An appeals court confirmed the five-month jail sentence for Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah, who defended the members of the nationalist-religious coalition and the Freedom Movement of Iran (Nehzat-e Azadi). He tells RFE/RL that he would not seek amnesty and he considers going to jail a personal sacrifice for democracy. He adds that by prosecuting him and other lawyers, the judiciary hopes to discourage defense of political activists and journalists. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Film Director Protests US Visa Procedures * Bahman Qobadi, whose Kurdish Iranian film film "Song of Motherland (Marooned in Iraq)" won a golden plaque at the Chicago international film festival, tells RFE/RL that he asked festival organizers to send his award to the White House to protest the decision to deny him a visa. (Shireen Famili) Nearly Half of the Caspian Forests Lost to Logging * Golestan province's environmental protection director said that from 1993 to 2001, more than 200,000 acres of Caspian forests were lost. Excessive logging has eliminated nearly half of Iran's rich Caspian forests, according to Tehran-based forestry expert Mohammad-Reza Lasani. He tells RFE/RL that it would be impossible to revive the lost forests, even if logging stops now, since the soil has been washed away as a result of deforestation. (Jamshid Zand) Tehran Daycare Centers' Hiring Practice * The heads of two private daycare centers in Tehran tell RFE/RL that even though their operation is monitored by the Welfare Organization (Sazeman Behzisti), there is no supervision on the qualifications of their staff. Guiti Shams-Zanjani, head of Gol-e Maryam daycare center, says applicants must have experience, in addition to college degree. She says some Tehran daycare centers operate below capacity, since traditional families prefer babysitting by grandmothers to modern daycare. She adds that children who go to daycare centers develop a more independent character. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Civil Society and Human Rights * Human rights advocate and University of Virginia guest law professor Mehrangiz Kar reviews provisions in the Iranian laws that make it unlawful for journalists to protect the anonymity of their sources. ARTS AND IDEAS Daily Internet Report * Iranian traditional music and western classic music are the focus of www.persianartmusic.com, based in Isfahan. (Behnam Nateghi, New York) Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles) Daily Book Review * RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews "In Search of Poetry" a collection of literary articles by Kamyar Abedi. Daily Science Report * A manuscript on the relativity theory in Albert Einstein's own handwriting was sold in auction at $78,000. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) Daily soccer news and commentary (Mehrdad Masudi, London) Song: Biya (Come) * RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic plays Biya (Come), based on a poem by contemporary poet Simin Behbahani, performed by 1970s' popular singer Houshmand Aqili. Shadi (Joy) * Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes. Los Angeles Report * Dorothy Chandler Pavilion's season program. (Fahimeh Barati) Multi-National Percussion Music: Zarbang * Top US and Europe based Persian percussionist join forces with German and Afghan musicians in the multi-national percussion band Zarbang. In interviews with RFE/RL, Zarbang's Persian and Afghani musicians introduce some of the 50 instruments used in the band's concert in Cologne's international rhythms festival. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) WORLD * North Korea admit to conducting a major clandestine nuclear weapons development program for the past several years. (Fariba Mavedat, London) * Iran and Kuwait envoys tell UN Security Council that UN weapons inspections should precede military action against Iraq. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Arafat aid Mohammad Dahran accused Hamas of plotting against the Palestinian Authority. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * US-France dispute over Iraq widens as President Chirac vows to prevent what he calls an unnecessary war. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * In a statement read at Kabul international anti-drug conference, Hamed Karzai calls for international help. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Dutch coalition government falls after only 78 days in power, due to internal conflicts. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * Russian Soyuz 5 space rocket explodes a few seconds after liftoff. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * French Teachers, doctors and dentists go on strike. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)

براساس قرارداد ايران و تركيه كه در هيات وزيران به تصويب رسيد، صدور گاز ايران به تركيه كه قطع شده بود، مجددا از سر گرفته مي شود اما بهاي گاز كمتر از سابق محاسبه مي شود و تركيه براي واردات گاز كمتر از حدنصاب تعيين شده در قرارداد، پرداخت خواهد كرد. مقامات نفتي ايران جزئيات قرارداد جديد را فاش نساخته اند. باقري نژاديان، نماينده كازرون و عضو كميسيون انرژي مجلس شوراي اسلامي، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: احتمالا تخفيف در قيمت گاز به تركيه با تضمين منافع ديگري همراه بود كه دو طرف در كنار اين قرارداد دارند و مي گويد فكر مي كنم منافع هر دو ملت تامين شده باشد. محمد رشيديان، نماينده آبادان، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد تخفيفي كه داده شده قطعا به ضرر جمهوري اسلامي نيست هرچند وي نمي داند اين تخفيف چقدر است. وي مي افزايد هر نماينده اي كه بخواهد مي تواند متن كامل قرارداد هاي نفتي را مطالعه كند اما وي نيازي به اين كار نمي بيند و مي گويد چيز زياد مهمي نيست. طاهري نجف آبادي، يكي ديگر از اعضاي كميسيون انرژي مجلس در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد قيمت گازي كه ايران به تركيه مي فروشد بايد رقابتي باشد و تصميم وزارت نفت درست بود. دكترپرويزمينا، مشاور صنعت نفت در فرانسه، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد از محرمانه ماندن قراردادهاي نفت وگاز بعد ازانقلاب ابراز شگفتي مي كند. شبكه ان تي وي تركيه گزارش داد كه جمهوري اسلامي 9 درصد در قيمت فروش گاز ايران به تركيه تخفيف قائل شد و براي هر مقدار بيشتر گاز صادراتي تخفيف افزايش خواهد يافت. جريمه نخريدن گاز از 87 درصد به 70 درصد كاهش يافت. حسين نظريان، روزنامه نگار و كارشناس نفتي در تهران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد ايران احتياج دارد در بازار هاي منطقه و دنيا حضور داشته باشد. ايران اميدوار است روزي از طريق تركيه گاز خود را به اروپا صادر كند. ناظران و مفسران ايران اميدوارند ناچاري باعث نشده باشد منافع ايران در صادرات گاز به تركيه ناديده گرفته شود.

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