فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با عباس صفايي فر (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL - Persian ServiceFriday, November 01, 2002
- Judiciary Closes Another Pollster
- Sazegara complains about the press court
- Reformist strategist sees Khatami's resignation likely
- Shiite international propaganda
- Italy-Iran anti-terrorism pact
The judiciary shut down Avenir, a second state-owned opinion survey agency, for its involvement in the poll showing more than 75 percent of respondents favor relations with the US. Abbas Abdi and Alireza Alavitabar, two board members of the pro-reform party Jebheh-ye Mosharekat (Participation Front), headed the polling agency. The authorities arrested Tehran University professor Hossein Qazian, who worked at the agency, and Mohsen Goudarzi, an advisor to the culture ministry and a trustee of the padlocked national institute for public opinion studies.
* Tehran journalist Abbas Safai tells RFE/RL that the judiciary's focus on opinion survey agencies reflect the sensitivity of Iran-US. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Sazegara Complains about Press Court to Judiciary Chief
* Mohsen Sazegara, publisher of several banned newspapers, complained in a letter to judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmud Shahrudi about the treatment he has received from the press court for his participation in Golestan-e Iran, a youth newspaper which was closed last month after only 15 issues. Sazegara tells RFE/RL that the judiciary chief is responsible for how the press court, under judge Said Mortazavi, has treated Golestan Iran and more than 85 other publications. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Khatami's Possible Resignation
* Reformist strategist Said Hajjarian, a member of the central council of the pro-reform party Jebheh-ye Mosharekat (Participation Front), said President Khatami would resign if the Guardians Council rejects the bills to expand presidential powers and reform the election law. He says Khatami resigned as minister of culture under Hashemi Rafsanjani after a certain line was crossed. By submitting the two bills, Khatami has burned all bridges behind him, Hajjarian said. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Shiite Propaganda Unit Gets a New Boss
The Supreme Leader appointed Ayatollah Mohammad-Mehdi Safai as the new head of the international Shiite propaganda organization, Majma'e Jahani-ye Ahl-e Beit. Safai replaces former foreign minister and the Supreme Leader's foreign affairs advisor Dr. Ali-Akbar Velatyati. Another organization, called Dar ol-Taqrib, also under the Supreme Leader, is charged with promoting unity among Islamic sects.
* London journalist Alireza Nourizadeh tells RFE that the "Ahl-e Beit" name points to the Prophet of Islam and his direct descendants whom Shiites believe should have succeeded him as Caliphs. He says the organization is seeks new recruits in Pakistan, India, Indonesia, and elsewhere, but Azerbaijan and some African countries expelled its representatives when they engaged in political activities. The organization's budget is set by the Supreme Leader but is paid by the government. A recent increase in that budget allowed the organization to set up permanent offices in Britain, France and Germany. In addition to the Majma'e Ahl-e Beit, other organizations under the Supreme Leader, such as Dar-ol-Taqrib, Molla-Sadra, the Islamic thought and culture center, and the Islamic communications and culture organization, perform missionary work in many countries. (Shireen Famili)
Saudi Paper Warns against Iran's Religious Missionaries
* The Saudi-Lebanese London newspaper Al-Hayat warned that, despite improved relations with Arab Persian Gulf governments, Tehran plans to expand its religious influence in the region. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
Italy-Iran Anti-Terrorism Pact
* Interior minister Abdolvahed Musavi-Lari signed a security cooperation pact with Italy today. After the EU added the Iraq-based Mojahedin-e Khalq organization (MKO) to its list of international terrorist organizations, one of the major differences between Iran and Italy was resolved. Citing Iran's support for hard-line Palestinian organizations such as Hamas and the Islamic Jihad, Italy's Radical party has protested the Iran-Italy cooperation. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
The Prospect of Gas Exports to India and China
Oil minister Bijan Namdar-Zangeneh said Tehran plans to export gas to India, China and Southeast Asia.
* Washington energy consultant Bahman Aqai-Diba tells RFE/RL that Iran lacks the financial resources, technical know-how and experience for developing gas fields and exporting gas. He says the planned gas pipeline from Iran to India through Pakistan would cost $3 billion to $5 billion, would be vulnerable to India-Pakistan tensions, and would have to compete with a Turkmenistan pipeline to Pakistan via Afghanistan, which has the support of the US. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
RFE/RL Roundtable: Reformability of the Islamic Republic
* Tehran-based Parviz Varjavand, the first post-revolutionary culture minister and a nationalist political leader, Geneva-based Dariush Homayoun, the Shah's last press minister, and Washington-based republican commentator Amir-Hossein Ganjbakhsh discuss the possibility of political reform in Iran. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* Two websites, persianpoema.com and 11iran.com offer English translations of Persian classic and modern poetry. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
First Underground Rock Music Competition in Iran
* Iranian rock music fans get to vote for their favorite band among the 19 amateur rock bands that compete in Iran's first underground rock music competition. The voting takes place on tehran360.com, a website set up by tehranavenue.com. Tehran journalist Babak Chamanara tells RFE/RL that the competition was a product of discussions journalist Hesam Garshasbi had with members of two rock bands, Pazhvak and Raz. More than 22,000 have visited the site in the three days since its inspection. Babak Riahipur, a guitarist of the O-Hum rock band tells RFE/RL that authorities refused to issue the band permission to perform citing the singer's voice, which they said they did not like, which caused the band's singer and lead guitarist to emigrate to Canada. (Jamshid Zand)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews Human Hunt by Joao Ubaldo Ribeiro translated into Persian by Ahmad Golshiri.
Daily Science Report: Joints Research by Iranian and American Scientists
* The magazine of the National Academy of Science reports that in a joint study, Iranian scientists from Tehran's Shahid Rajai hospital and Yale University examined genetic causes of heart ailments that are sporadic in the population. Dr. Richard P. Lifton, professor genetics and medicine and chairman of the department of genetics at Yale University tells RFE/RL that the discovery will open the way to new treatments and medications. Dr. Arya Mani of New Haven, a writer of the report, and Dr. Mahmoud Merjai, of Tehran's Shahid Rajai discuss the study in separate interviews with RFE/RL. (Famemeh Aman, Washington)
Heinrich Boll's 85th Birthday
* Cologne celebrates writer Heinrich Boll's 85th birthday. Shahla Hamzavi, a Persian translator of several of Boll's novels, tells RFE/RL about his writing. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Song: Cheshman-e Siah (Black Eyes)
* RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic plays Cheshman Siah (Black Eyes) with a new performance by Russian-Iranian singer Shahla.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Middle East Magazine
* Interview with filmmaker Rakhshan Bani-Etemad, who served on the international jury of the Cairo international film festival. Also, Israel protests the Egyptian TV series "A rider without a horse," and Almeydan magazine's editor goes on trial for printing a picture of Anwar Sadat's naked corpse. (Fardieh Rahbar and Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* France revises its position on the US-proposed UN Security Council resolution. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* US opposes Iraqi opposition's effort to form a provisional government before the downfall of Saddam. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* US warns Americans on travel to Iraq. Russian foreign minister said any military action against Iraq should follow the UN Security Council's resolutions. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Human Rights Watch faults Palestinian suicide attacks. (Jamshid Chalangi and Golnaz Esfandiari)
* 27 children die in San Juliano earthquake. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* New law bans reporting on military and police operations in Russia. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Fire in a Moroccan jail kills 50. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* In an article in the Washington Post, the British author Salman Rushdie says Islamic world should not support a beast like Saddam. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Israeli labor party leaves Sharon's coalition. (Nazi Azima)
* Fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent retires. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
پيگرد موسسه هاي نظرسنجي از سوي قوه قضائيه ادامه دارد. پس از مهر وموم كردن موسسه ملي پژوهش افكار عمومي و بازداشت بهروز گرانپايه مدير اين موسسه و محسن گودرزي، عضو هيات امناي آن و يك مشاور وزير فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامي، روز گذشته موسسه نظرسنجي آينده نيز مهر و موم شد. به گزارش «رويداد،» سايت اينترنتي جبهه مشاركت ايران اسلامي، در جريان يك بازرسي چهارساعته، دكتر حسين قاضيان استاد دانشگاه و سرپرست موسسه آينده نيز بازداشت شد. عباس عبدي و عليرضا علوي تبار دو چهره شناخته شده اصلاح طلب، از جمله گردانندگان اين موسسه اند. عباس صفايي فر، روزنامه نگار در تهران در گفتگو با راديو آزادي مي گويد: حساسيت قوه قضائيه به موسسات نظرسنجي را بايد در رابطه حساس ايران و آمريكا جستجو كرد. وي مي افزايد: برخورد تند با اين مسايل زمينه هاي نظرسنجي و آماري را كه كشور به آن احتياج دارد، دچار اشكال مي سازد. وي مي گويد: اين آمارها يكسويه مورد داوري قرار گرفته اند.