Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, November 05, 2002
- Abdollah Nuri pardoned
- Election law reform bill
- Bar association and judiciary's parallel bar
- Sharon calls for US attack on Iran
- Gallup official and Iranian pollsters
- Housing ministry issues air rights guideline
- Advice for"Islamic" Hackers
Supreme Leader Frees Abdollah Nuri
* Acting on the request of Majles speaker Karrubi, Iran's Supreme Leader pardoned former interior minister Abdollah Nuri, who was already free on furlough to attend his brother MP Dr. Alireza Nuri's funeral. In the year 2000 the special court for the clergy sentenced Nuri to five years after finding him guilty of "insulting Islamic sanctities" for his sharp criticism of the Supreme Leader's policies on relations with the US and support for Palestinian extremism. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Majles Debates Election Law Reform Bill
* In Majles debates over President Khatami's bill to reform the election law, conservatives argued that the constitution empowers the Guardians Council, rather than the interior ministry, to vet applicants for candidacy in elections. (Siavash Ardalan)
Bar Association Faults Judiciary for Parallel Activity
* Head of the Tehran bar association Bahman Keshavarz told the 11th national conference of bar associations in Shiraz that it is unlawful for the judiciary to issue law permits to its own trainees. Tehran lawyer Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi tells RFE/RL that the annual law licenses issued by the judiciary means that lawyers cannot act independently. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Sharon Calls for A US Attack on Iran
* Prime Minister Ariel Sharon told London's The Times newspaper that the US should attack Iran, as the center of international terrorism, after Iraq. British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said attacking Iran would be a grave mistake. (Jamshid Zand)
Factions Collide on US Relations Poll
* Mohsen Mirdamadi, head of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee, countered remarks the Supreme Leader made on Monday that the US attempted to portray Iranians as meek and submissive by bribing pollsters to show that 74 percent of respondents favor relations with the US. The Supreme Leader had said the principle issue for Iran is ending poverty and improving the economy. Mirdamadi said the lot of Iranians could only be improved through establishing democracy and political and economic stability. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Gallup Official on Cooperation with Iranian Polling Agencies
* The press court accused the padlocked polling institution Ayandeh (Future) of taking 450 million rials ($52,000) from the Washington-based Gallup to "fabricate" the poll that showed 74 percent of respondents favor relations with the US. The director of the international research department of the Gallup Organization Richard Burkholder tells RFE/RL that when Gallup pays a foreign agency to conduct a poll, that poll is in effect a Gallup poll, since Gallup develops the questions and the polling method. He adds that Gallup is a private company and is not related to the US government. He likens the arrest of Iranian pollsters to Cuba's arrest of Gallup pollsters. (Siavash Ardalan)
The 23rd Anniversary of the US Embassy Hostage Crisis
* In an interview with the New York Times on the 23rd anniversary of Iran hostage crisis, Ebrahim Asgharzadeh, a leader of the Islamic students who took over the US Embassy in Tehran, said he refuses to repeat his mistake by lecturing people to burn US flags. (Ardavan Niknam)
* Berlin-based political activist Farhad Fardjad, who led the pro-Soviet communist Tudeh party's youth organization during the 1979-80 hostage crisis, tells RFE/RL that he is ashamed of himself for attacking President Carter in posters and newspaper articles during the hostage crisis. He says Iran is still hostage to the hostage crisis, and people are suffering from the blind anti-US stance of the ruling clerics. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
* Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zibakalam, who supported student hostage-takers 23 years ago, tells RFE/RL that they were mere tools in the hands of radical clerics who exploited the crisis to defeat liberals and leftists in the post-revolutionary power struggle. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Teachers Protest Government's Lack of Response to Their Demands
In a letter to President Khatami, the House of Teachers complained that after banning their street demonstrations and strikes, the government has failed to respond to the legitimate demands of Iran's one million teachers.
* Deputy director of the House of Teachers Rahman Shams tells RFE/RL that by defeating the move to investigate the education ministry, the Majles turned its back on the teachers. He adds that the teachers demand higher pay and an end to mismanagement, nepotism and corruption in the education ministry. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Housing Ministry's New Guidelines on Selling Air Rights
The housing ministry introduced new guidelines that would let municipal officials in the five largest cities to sell air rights to developers of high rise buildings based on city planners' assessment of neighborhood congestion and local zoning regulations.
* Hamid Kavusi, a building contractor in Tehran, tells RFE/RL that the new plan would ease real estate prices that had doubled in Tehran after the municipal government ended the practice of selling air rights in excess of city zoning limits. (Jamshid Zand)
Civil Society and Human Rights: Non-Believers' Rights
* Washington-based lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar says the Islamic regime's laws deny secular Iranians their citizenry rights.
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report: How to be an "Islamic" Hacker
* More than half of the items on the Internet and computer page of the state radio-TV organization's website Jam-e Jam deal with hacking stories. The top story glorifies a hacker who claims to have infiltrated a US army lab computer. During an interview with the hacker, the Jam-e Jam reporter seeks advice on the best methods for "Islamic" hackers to attack military and security computer systems in the US, UK and Israel. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Science Report
* British scientist David Ray calculated that by saving energy an Englishman can save $160,000 in his lifetime and help reduce hot house gases. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Filmmaker Rakhshan Bani-Etemad in Cairo
* Filmmaker Rakhshan Bani-Etemad, in Cairo as a jury member of the international festival, tells RFE/RL that in her films she hopes to display the untold sorrows of the people. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Song: Amad (Arrived)
* RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic Mahmud Khoshnam plays Amad (Arrived), based on a poem by Abolhassan Varzi with Ataollah Khorram music, performed by 1960s popular singer Elaheh.
* Los Angles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Persian Love Stories
* Sadredin Elahi recites Shirin va Farhad based on poetry by Vahshi Bafqi.
* Israelis to vote on new parliament in 90 days. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Veteran journalist Amir Taheri tells RFE/RL that the number two man in Turkey's Justice and Development party Abdollah Gol told him that the party is not an Islamic party, but a conservative democratic party in the style of Europe's Christian-Democratic parties. (Mina Baharmast)
* Amir Taheri's interview with Abdollah Gol in London's Asharq-ol-Owsat. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* CIA and Yemeni security forces cooperate on hitting al-Qaeda's al-Harthi. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Indonesia says it has evidence showing Islamic leader Abubakr Bashir's involvement in terrorist acts. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Human Rights Watch accuses Afghan warlord Esmail Khan of human rights violations. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* US mid-term elections (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Seven Islamic countries, including Iran, cooperate in an office to oversee Islamic banking services in Kuala Lumpur. A London-based economist tells RFE/RL that the new office in Malaysia is a step towards regulating Islamic banking. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* Princess Diana's butler sells his memoirs to the London tabloid Sun. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
حجت الاسلام عبدالله نوري، وزير سابق كشور، كه به سبب انتقادات صريح خود از سياست هاي حكومت جمهوري اسلامي، به پنج سال زندان محكوم شده بود، ديروز مورد عفو رهبر جمهوري اسلامي قرار گرفت. از آنجا كه نوري از تقاضاي عفو امتناع مي ورزيد، حجت الاسلام مهدي كروبي، رئيس مجلس شوراي اسلامي عفو او را از رهبر جمهوري اسلامي تقاضا كرد. از مدت پنج سال زندان عبدالله نوري، دو سال باقي بود. نوري براي شركت در مراسم ختم برادر خود، دكتر عليرضا نوري، از زندان مرخصي گرفته بود.
دادگاه ويژه روحانيت عبدالله نوري را در سال 1377 خورشيدي به اتهام توهين به بنيانگذار جمهوري اسلامي و فعاليت تبليغاتي عليه جمهوري اسلامي در روزنامه هاي تعطيل شده خرداد و فتح به 5 سال زندان محكوم كرده بود. نوري در دولت علي اكبر هاشمي رفسنجاني نيز وزير كشور بود ولي در دهه اخير به يكي از منتقدان جدي نظام بدل شد. سياستمداران اصلاح گرا از نوري به عنوان نامزد جانشيني محمدخاتمي در دوربعدي انتخابات رياست جمهوري اسلامي نام مي برند.