Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiFriday, April 02, 2004
<b>US Imposes Sanctions on 13 Foreign Companies for Arms Deals with Iran</b>
• The US imposed sanctions on 13 foreign companies and individuals in seven countries believed to have helped Iran in its nuclear, chemical and biological weapons programs, administration and congressional officials said on Friday. The sanctions were being imposed under the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. The House and Senate foreign relations committees on Thursday received copies of a classified 30-page report that describes such trade and names the entities being penalized, congressional officials confirmed. The 13 affected entities include five Chinese companies, as well as companies in Russia, Macedonia, Belarus, Taiwan, North Korea and the United Arab Emirates.
<b>Iran “Managed” IAEA Inspectors' Visit</b>
• The visit of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency's inspectors “was ‘managed' by the Iranians in the sense that the inspectors were not permitted to take pictures with IAEA cameras or use their own electronic equipments, according to an internal IAEA document obtained by news agencies. The document contradicts the official assurances that Iran had allowed IAEA inspectors “full and unrestricted access” to the sites during inspections in January.
• The US refused to have IAEA chief Mohamed ElBaradei act as an intermediary with Iran in his visit to Tehran next Tuesday. IAEA spokeswoman Melissa Fleming disputed a US assertion that ElBaradei's offer to mediate in US-Iran relations was spurned. Senior State Department officials “made note” of his efforts, she said.
• In <b>RadioFarda Roundtable</b> today, three experts comment on Iran's relations with the IAEA and the West. Tehran University international relations professor <b>Davood Hermidas-Bavand</b> says: Under current conditions, a dark cloud has descended on Iran's relations with the European countries, as the EU and the US adopt a common policy on Iran's nuclear program. Professor <b>Pirouz Mojtehadzadeh</b>, who teaches international relations in London and Tehran, says: The unopposed US and Israeli propaganda during the past 15 years has created an atmosphere in which nothing that Iran does or says would convince the IAEA inspectors. Certain irresponsible statements by the government officials, including the recent announcement by foreign minister Kamal Kharrazi that Iran intends to market enriched uranium to the world, have contributed to the atmosphere of suspicion and mistrust, he adds. Glasgow University international relations professor <b>Reza Taqizadeh</b> says: Iranian authorities were disappointed that, despite promises, the EU did not step forward to assist Iran in its nuclear program. By making announcements about plans to sell uranium or to start new uranium ore processing facility, Iran is maintaining a certain level of pressure in order to press for its demands, which are based on its own interpretation of the agreement made in Tehran last October with foreign ministers of Britain, France and Germany. (Jamshid Zand)
<b>Congressman Brad Sherman Blames US for Japan's $2.8 Billion Oil Investment</b>
• Congressman Brad Sherman (D-California) criticized the Bush Administration on Tuesday for allowing Japan to invest $2.8 billion in Iran's oil industry. He said the Administration, “desperate” to show international support for its war effort in Iraq, accepted a token force of 550 Japanese soldiers in Iraq and gave “the green light to $2.8 billion going from Japan to Iran.” Sherman, in a speech to the House International Relations Committee, called Iran “the nation who is most likely to be the culprit if a nuclear weapon is smuggled into the US.” US undersecretary of state for arms control and international security John Bolton, who was at the meeting, said Sherman's statement was “absolutely not true.”
<b>3 Months Later, Bam Survivors Still Subsist In Tents</b>
• As the hot season approaches, Bam earthquake survivors struggle with relief shortages. They live in inadequate emergency relief tents, three months after the earthquake that killed 26,000 of the city's 200,000 inhabitants and devastated 90 percent its structures. The government paid nearly 4 million rials per victim to surviving families, since during the past three months, it has become clear that the people prefer to receive cash instead of other forms of assistance, editor of Kerman daily <i>Hadith</i> <b>Mohammad-Sadeq Taheri</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. “I observed that all, rich and poor alike, were happy to receive the cash,” he adds. He denies rumors that homeowners were forced to rent construction equipment for rubble removal. The rubble removal continues based on a schedule, but some homeowners, who could not wait for their turn, may have hired private contractors, government and Red Crescent officials said, according to Tehari. The water authority said the town's water was good for drinking, but health ministry found traces of contamination. Since then, bottled water is being distributed for drinking, because people refuse to drink tab water, Taheri adds. The medical relief teams continue to operate in Bam and healthcare services are adequate and satisfactory, he says. (Leyli Arman)
<b>Two Bombs Shatter Windows of Supreme Leader's Representative's Office in Zahedan</b>
• Today, in the center of Zahedan, a provincial capital city near the border with Afghanistan, two hand-made bombs shattered windows of several buildings, including those of the office of the Supreme Leader's representative, an eye witness tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The explosions made huge noise, but had no casualties, he adds. The security forces cordoned off the Azadi circle and the streets around it, he says. (Jamshid Zand)
<b>Political Prisoners Received No New Year Furloughs, Inmates' Kin Complain</b>
• The political prisoners were not given any furloughs to spend time with their families during the New Year holidays, prisoners' kin complained in interviews with state-run “students” news agency ISNA. Among those interviewed were father of student activists Akbar and Manouchehr Mohammadi and wives of lawyer Naser Zarafshan, history professor and activist Hashem Aghajari, nationalist-religious activists Hoda Saber and Taqi Rahmani. Only two were released on 24-hour furloughs for the New Year: reformist journalist and reform faction theoretician Abbas Abdi and cleric Yusefi Eshkevari.
<b>Central Bank Withdraws New 20,000 Rials Soon After Issue</b>
• The central bank withdrew from circulation the new 20,000-rial notes only a week after the notes' long-awaited issue. The new notes, the largest denomination ever issued in Iran, had an image of the Islamic revolution leader Ayatollah Khomeini on the front, and Isfahan's historical circle Naqsh-e Jahan on the back. In interviews published on the pro-reform website <i>Baztab</i>, Majles MPs said Khomeini appears too angry in his portrait. They also found the rendering of the Naqsh-e Jahan circle artistically weak. Nevertheless, the central bank did not give any reason for withdrawing the bills. “Since people use cash for most transactions, carrying piles of low denomination bills had become a problem,” Tehran-based economist <b>Jamshid Pazhouyan</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Bills even larger than 20,000 rials are needed, he adds. The largest available denomination was 10,000 rials, and no larger note had been issued in the past 30 years, he adds. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
قرار است ايالات متحده آمريكا سيزده شخصيت حقيقي و حقوقي از هفت كشور را به خاطر ارائه تجهيزات و تكنولوژي ساخت تسليحات هسته اي ميكروبي و شيميايي به ايران مورد تحريم قرار دهد.
مريم احمدي (راديو فردا): شركتهايي از چين، روسيه، مقدونيه، بلاروس، تايوان، كره شمالي و امارات متحده عربي نخواهند توانست كالاهاي خود را به ايالات متحده صادر كنند يا با شركتها و موسسات آمريكايي قرارداد امضا كنند و يا از كمكهاي ايالات متحده برخوردار شوند. شركتهاي آمريكايي نيز از معامله با اين شركتها به مدت دو سال منع شده اند.
مقامات دولت بوش و كنگره آمريكا مي گويند: اين تحريمها بر اساس قانون منع گسترش تسليحات در رابطه با ايران كه در سال 2000 به تصويب رسيد اعمال مي شود. اين قانون فروش تكنولوژي و كالاهايي را كه ايران مي تواند از آنها براي ساخت موشكهاي دوربرد يا سلاحهاي غير متعارف استفاده كند، منع مي كند. به گفته اين مقامها يك گزارش محرمانه سي صفحه اي شامل نام شركتها و افرادي كه مورد تحريم قرار مي گيرند، روز پنجشنبه به كميته روابط خارجي سنا و مجلس نمايندگان كنگره آمريكا ارائه شد.
يكي از مقامهايي كه اين فهرست را ديده است، مي گويد: شركتها و افرادي كه چنين كالاهايي مي فروشند، در واقع به گسترش تسليحاتي كمك كرده اند. از فوريه سال 2003 سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي درباره برنامه هاي هسته اي ايران و ادعاهاي مسالمت آميز بودن آن تحقيق مي كرده است و در تازه ترين سفر روز شنبه گذشته هياتي از بازرسان سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي وارد ايران شد. قرار است گزارش بعدي سازمان انرژي اتمي در جلسه ماه ژوئن كه در وين برگزار مي شود ارائه شود. آمريكا سيزده شخصيت حقيقي و حقوقي از هفت كشور را به خاطر ارائه تجهيزات و تكنولوژي ساخت تسليحات هسته اي ميكروبي و شيميايي به ايران مورد تحريم قرار مي دهد. اين شركتها نخواهند توانست كالاهاي خود را به آمريكا صادر كنند يا با شركتها و موسسات آمريكايي قرارداد امضا كنند و يا از كمكهاي آمريكا برخوردار شوند. شركتهاي آمريكايي نيز از معامله با اين شركتها به مدت دو سال منع شده اند. مقامات آمريكا اعلام كردند اين تحريمها بر اساس قانون منع گسترش تسليحات در رابطه با ايران كه در سال 2000 به تصويب رسيد اعمال مي شود. به گفته اين مقامها يك گزارش محرمانه 30 صفحه اي شامل نام شركتها و افرادي كه مورد تحريم قرار مي گيرند، روز پنجشنبه به كميته روابط خارجي سنا و مجلس نمايندگان كنگره آمريكا ارائه شد.