لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۲ آبان ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۱۳:۴۷

بازرسان آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي نشانه هاي بيشتري از اورانيوم قابل استفاده در بمب اتمي در ايران يافتند

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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSaturday, April 03, 2004 <b>IAEA Finds More Traces of Enriched Uranium in Iran</b> • The International Atomic Energy Agency&apos;s inspectors found more traces of enriched uranium in Iran at sites other than the two already named – Natanz and Kalaye Electric, where the inspectors last year found traces of uranium that had been enriched to a point where it contained about 90 percent of the fissile uranium atom u-235. Vienna-based sources confirmed that IAEA had discovered uranium traces at other sites, but the UN agency did not comment. Several diplomats said the further discoveries raised the question of whether Tehran has been engaging in more undeclared nuclear activities at sites it has been hiding from the IAEA. <b>US Imposes Sanctions on 13 Firms from 7 Countries for Arms Deals with Iran</b> • “Pursuant to the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000, the US imposed penalties on 13 companies that engaged in providing prohibited items to Iran. Those companies include five Chinese, two Macedonian, two Russian and one from Belarus, one from North Korea, one from Taiwan, and one from the United Arab Emirates,” US State Department Spokesman Adam Ereli said. The penalties apply to companies, not their respective governments, he added. The companies, he said, had transferred to Iran, since 1999, items with the potential of making a material contribution to Iran&apos;s missile or nuclear programs. Twenty-three companies have been subjected to US sanctions since the law took effect. <b>Political Prisoners Received No New Year Furloughs, Inmates&apos; Kin Complain</b> • Political prisoners were not given any furloughs to spend time with their families during the New Year holidays, prisoners&apos; kin complained in interviews with state-run “students” news agency ISNA. Among those interviewed were father of student activists Akbar and Manouchehr Mohammadi and wives of lawyer Naser Zarafshan, history professor and activist Hashem Aghajari, nationalist-religious activists Hoda Saber and Taqi Rahmani. Only two were released on 24-hour furloughs for the New Year: reformist journalist and reform faction theoretician Abbas Abdi and cleric Yusefi Eshkevari. <b>Central Bank Withdraws New 20,000 Rials Soon After Issue</b> • The central bank withdrew from circulation the new 20,000-rial notes only a week after the notes&apos; long-awaited issue. The new notes, the largest denomination ever issued in Iran, had an image of the Islamic revolution leader Ayatollah Khomeini on the front, and Isfahan&apos;s historical circle Naqsh-e Jahan on the back. In interviews published on the pro-reform website <i>Baztab</i>, Majles MPs said Khomeini appears too angry in his portrait. They also found the rendering of the Naqsh-e Jahan circle artistically weak. Nevertheless, the central bank did not give any reason for withdrawing the bills. “Since people use cash for most transactions, carrying piles of low denomination bills had become a problem,” Tehran-based economist <b>Jamshid Pazhouyan</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Bills even larger than 20,000 rials are needed, he adds. The largest available denomination was 10,000 rials, and no larger note had been issued in the past 30 years, he adds. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) • The 20,000-bills have not been withdrawn, the central bank&apos;s director of currency printing and distribution Jalal Jalilian said in an interview with the official news agency IRNA. Opinions about the new notes&apos; artwork are varied, and have to do with people&apos;s individual tastes, he added. • [The 20,000-rial notes became scarce, after the banks stopped distributing them only a week after their issue. The money changers in central Tehran began selling the new notes at 28,000 rials last week, Tehran-based independent journalist Arash Qavidel reported on <b>Radio Farda</b>.] <b>Campaign Against Capital Punishment</b> • A group of activists started a campaign against the capital punishment. On its website, the group features stories about death-row convicts Kobra Rahmanpour, Afsaneh Nowrouzi and Said Masouli. The judiciary does not release figures on executions, but according to human rights sources, more than 100, including at least 5 political convicts, were executed in Iran in the past year. The capital punishment is rooted in the culture of revenge, and a lot of people believe that it helps deter violent crimes, Stockholm university&apos;s sociology professor <b>Mehrdad Darvishpour</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Opponents of capital punishment believe that it perpetuates violence, he adds. To campaign against capital punishment in Iran, the group needs to focus on educational programs to enlighten the public. (Tara Atefi) <b>Tabriz Court Sets Date For Journalist Hedayat&apos;s Trial</b> • The Tabriz revolutionary court said independent journalist Ensafali Hedayat will be tried next week for anti-regime propaganda. Hedayat was arrested three months ago, a day after he returned home from Berlin, where he attended the first convention of the coalition of secular republicans Etehad-e Jumhurikhahan. <b>Bam Earthquake Victims Live in Tents 3 Months After Earthquake</b> • Three months after the devastating earthquake that killed 26,000 in Bam, the survivors are still living in inadequate tents with limited access to water, representative of Canada&apos;s Red Cross <b>Jose Garcia Lozana</b>, who visited Bam last week, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Through the International Red Cross, Canada has provided $2 million in earthquake relief to Bam, he adds. The survivors lack most basic necessities, he adds. It appears that the city&apos;s reconstruction has taken much longer than expected to begin, he says. (Maryam Aghvami, Toronto) • The Bam governor said 2,000 families have been moved to pre-fabricated houses with shower and toilets. <b>Judiciary Investigates 1,000 Justice Ministry Workers for Corruption</b> • More than 1,000 justice ministry personnel are being investigated for corruption, judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi-Shahroudi said today during an announced visit to a judiciary center in Tehran. A large number of offenders have already been fired or reassigned, he added. <b>Kidnappers Abduct Head of an Iranian-funded Islamic School in Guyana</b> • Guyanese police began searching for director of the Georgetown-based Iranian-funded International Islamic College of Advanced Studies (IICAS) Mohammed-Hossein Ebrahim, who was dragged from his car and shoved into a waiting car on Friday as he was about to leave the institute, witnesses said. Guyanese Islamic cleric Roshan Khan, who is closely associated with the IICAS, told Agence France Press that he suspected Ebrahim might have been kidnapped in connection with internal wrangling over the ownership of the IICAS. A US-trained anti-kidnapping squad has been deployed as part of efforts to find Ebrahim, AFP reports. <b>Kurdish Activist in Turkey Writes to Shirin Ebadi Proposes International Peace Committee</b> • Jailed Kurdish activist Leyla Zana, the first Kurdish women to win a seat in Turkey&apos;s parliament, asked Nobel Peace Prize laureate <b>Shirin Ebadi</b> and former French first lady Danielle Mitterrand for help, as a Turkish state security court began reviewing jail terms imposed on her and three other Kurdish lawmakers, who were convicted in 1994 for aiding Kurdish separatist party PKK. “The old trial was being repeated in the name of a new trial, the government was using the trial as a trump card in international relations and the judiciary was made into a tool for these dirty politics,” Zana said in the letter. She proposed establishing an international committee for peace with the participation of Nobel Peace Prize laureates and human rights activists. “I welcome any action to spread peace,” Ebadi tells <b>Radio Farda</b>, adding that she has met Zana&apos;s husband, a former governor of a Kurdish province in Turkey. When Zana was jailed, the Mitterrand foundation took her children to France, she adds. “In a meeting with Ms. Mitterrand in Paris after I won the Nobel Peace Prize, together we reviewed Zana&apos;s case and wrote a letter to the Turkish government and called for her release,” she says. (Nazi Azima) <b>Tehran Cabbies Increase Fares</b> • As the price of gasoline went up 23 percent since March 20, the Tehran cabbies increased their fares, without receiving approval from the taxi authority. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Judiciary Sentences Student Activist Piran to 10 Years in Jail</b> • The Tehran Islamic revolutionary court sentenced student activist and member of the “independent” opposition group Democratic Front&apos;s student arm “national union of students and university graduates” Peyman Piran to 10 years in jail. There were no jury and no lawyer in Peyman&apos;s trial, Peyman&apos;s brother <b>Pezhman Piran</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>, adding that his brother is being kept in a cellblock along with common criminals. (Farin Asemi) . فريدون زرنگار (راديوفردا): آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي اعلام كرد، علاوه بر نطنز و محل شركت كالاي ايران الكتريك، كه پيشتر در آنان اورانيوم غني شده پيداكرده بود، مكان هائي را در ايران يافت كه به نشانه هائي از وجود اورانيوم غني شده مناسب براي ساخت بمب اتمي بر خورد كرده است. منابع وابسته به آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي ضمن تائيد اين خبر از هر گونه اظهار نظر خودداري كردند. ناظران اوضاع سياسي مي گويند دستيابي آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي به اين اطلاعات ادعاي آمريكا را مبني بر اينكه ايران در تكاپوي دستيابي به بمب اتمي است تقويت مي كند. يك ديپلمات كه نخواست نام او فاش شود به رويتر گفت به جز در دو محل اعلام شده، بازرسان آژانس در جاهاي ديگري به وجود اورانيوم بسيار غني شده پي برده اند. اين ديپلمات نگفت در چه مناطقي اورانيوم بسيار غني شده پيدا شده است. سال گذشته آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي گزارش داده بود كه در نطنز و در حوزه فعاليت شركت كالاي الكتريك، اورانيوم غني شده با درجه 90 درصد اورانيوم u203 توليد مي شده است. كارشناسان مي گويند اورانيوم غني شده با اين درجه بالا به ندرت براي اهداف غيرنظامي مورد استفاده قرار مي گيرد اما براي استفاده در ساخت بمب هسته اي بسيار ايده آل است. تهران اعلام كرد اين اورانيوم ها ناشي از آلودگي اجزاي سانتريفيوژ هائي است كه از خارج خريده است. به گفته مقامات ايراني، در همه جاهائي كه اجزاي سانتري فوژ ها انبار شده باشند، انتظار برخورد به نشانه هائي از وجود اورانيوم غني شده مي رود. ايران اعلام كرد اجزاي آغشته به اورانيوم سانتريفوژ را از پاكستان خريده است. اما پاكستان در پاسخ به آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي در عين اينكه از فروش فناوري هسته اي از سوي دانشمند پاكستاني به ايران، كره شمالي و ليبي عذرخواهي كرد، ادعاي ايران را كه اين اجزا را از پاكستان خريده است، رد كرد. بسياري از ديپلماتها مي گويند كشف نشانه هائي از وجود اورانيوم غني شده اين پرسش را قدرت بخشيده است كه آيا ايران فعاليت هاي هسته اي بيشتري در مكان هاي ديگر به جز آنچه تاكنون به آژانس اعلام كرده است، ندارد؟ ايران در ماه آبان گذشته زير فشار ادعاهاي آمريكا مبني بر اينكه برنامه هاي هسته اي جمهوري اسلامي، گامي است براي تدارك ساخت سلاحهاي هسته اي، به دولت هاي آلمان و بريتانيا و فرانسه قول داد برنامه هاي غني سازي اورانيوم خود را به حال تعليق در آورد و به بازرسان آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي اجازه دهد تا بازرسي هاي مورد نظر خود را انجام دهند. در قبال اين اعلام آمادگي، ايران خواستار دستيابي به فناوري لازم براي استفاده صلح آميز از تاسيسات هسته اي خود شد. ايران گفت فعاليت هاي هسته اي آن به استفاده از توليد برق منحصر مي شود. ماه گذشته آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي در قطعنامه اي كه در باره برنامه هاي هسته اي ايران تصويب كرد، ايران را به خاطر در اختيار نگذاشتن تمام اطلاعات در باره برنامه وفعاليت هاي هسته اي خود نكوهش كرد. ديپلمات هاي نزديك به آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي گفتند علاوه بر نطنز و محل شركت كالاي ايران الكتريك، كه قبلا در آنان اورانيوم غني شده پيدا كرده بود، بازرسان آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي در بازرسي هاي اخير خود در ايران در نقاط جديدي به نشانه هائي از وجود اورانيوم غني شده مناسب براي ساخت بمب اتمي بر خورد كرده است. ناظران اوضاع سياسي مي گويند دستيابي آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي به اين اطلاعات ادعاي آمريكا را مبني بر اينكه ايران در تكاپوي دستيابي به بمب اتمي است تقويت مي كند. جمهوري اسلامي گفته بود رد اورانيوم غني شده از قبل در ابزارهاي گريز از مركز كه از پاكستان خريداري شده بود، وجود داشت. پاكستان فروش تجهيزات گريز از مركز به ايران را تكذيب كرده بود.