Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiWednesday, April 28, 2004
<b>US Warns of Widespread Nuclear Network</b>
• Other nations beside Iran and North Korea may have purchased nuclear weapons technology from the covert network set up by Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan, US Undersecretary of State for Arms Control John Bolton said on Wednesday in a press conference in Washington. There's a lot of information that we don't necessarily have corroboration for,” Bolton said, adding: “There's more out there than we can discuss publicly,” he said. His comments were the first US disclosure on nuclear activities of countries other than those Khan mentioned in his February 6 confessions. He said US is determined to prevent “rogue” countries access to nuclear weapons.
• At a UN conference to review the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Tuesday in New York, Bolton accused four treaty members, including Iran, of actively violating the treaty, and using the treaty's provisions as cover for the development of nuclear weapons. “Iran's nuclear weapons program poses a threat to peace and international security,” he told newsmen after the conference.
• “Washington's frequent accusations are not based on evidence and therefore are unreliable, foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said today, reacting to Bolton's statement. “The US is not in a position to check commitment of a signatory country to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT),” he said.
• Iran may be running a covert military nuclear program parallel to the peaceful one it has opened to international scrutiny in efforts to dispel suspicions it has weapons ambitions, an identified US official said on Tuesday, according to the AP. New intelligence on Iran's nuclear activities was strengthening suspicions of two programs -- one that inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency have access to and another, run by the military and geared toward making nuclear weapons, the officials said. “We are beginning to see indications that there is a parallel military program,” one of the officials told The AP. The source cautioned that the “limited evidence” was not enough to draw firm conclusions.
<b>Judiciary May Extend Pourzand's Furlough</b>
• Veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand's medical furlough may be extended if the 74-year-old prisoner's health did not improve in 10 days, head of the Tehran judiciary's public relations office Mohammad Shadabi said. Pourzand, who was hospitalized two weeks ago after he went into a coma following a heart attack, was released on medical furlough yesterday. Pourzand has gone under angioplasty operation, and is scheduled to have his prostate glands removed in another operation, Pourzand's wife, Virginia-based human-rights activist <b>Mehrangiz Kar</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Pourzand's kidneys need another operation, and a tumor that has appeared on his chest needs to be diagnosed, she adds. Most important of all, Pourzand needs an operation on his spinal chord, which is in a very bad shape, she says. Pourzand was serving an 11 year jail sentence for, among other things, anti-regime propaganda. (Ali Sajjadi)
<b>Majles Approves 300 Percent Rise in Fuel Prices in Five Years</b>
• The Majles approved an article of the fourth five-year economic development plan that authorizes raising fuel prices by 300 percent within the next five years, in order to bring domestic prices in line with those of other Persian Gulf countries. The extremely low domestic price of gasoline, kerosene and other fuels has resulted in explosive rise in consumption and smuggling to neighboring countries, costing the government $1.5 billion per year in gasoline imports alone. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
<b>Government Dominates Tehran Stock Market</b>
• The government directly control 60 percent of the equities sold through the Tehran stock exchange, and a total of 85 percent of all stock trades are indirectly controlled by the government, the official news agency's daily newspaper <i>Iran</i> reports, indicating that the shares of most profitable state-owned enterprises, which were offered to public during the privatization process, ended up in the hands of the government and government-controlled institutions, such as the state banks' investment units, the social security fund, the various government employees' retirement funds and major “charitable” religious-economic cartels, such as Bonyad Mostaz'efan (The Foundation for the Dispossessed) and Bonyad-e Panzdah Khordad. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
<b>Judiciary Chief Issues Circular Banning Torture</b>
• In a circular issued yesterday, judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi-Shahroudi banned law enforcement forces, courts and investigative units from maltreatment of detainees and suspects. This is the first time that a judiciary official issues such a circular, which proves that torture, which was said to not exist in Iran, has been going on across in the country, Tehran-based lawyer <b>Mohammad-Hossein Aghasi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The propaganda impact of this circular is more important than its actual effect, he adds. (Siavash Ardalan)
• If this circular takes effect, many problems would be resolved, student activist <b>Kianoush Sanjari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. For example, he adds, this circular forbids interrogators from hiding themselves from defendants, he says, adding that he has been subjected to several interrogations while blindfolded. For a 17-year-old, like myself, spending months in solitary confinement, is the biggest torture, he adds. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
• Activist Farzad Hamidi suffered several broken ribs under torture in a Tehran prison. His lawyer Khalil Bahramian said his client's case is under review at the bench 26 of the Tehran Islamic revolutionary court. Hamidi was a spokesman for the independent opposition group the Democratic Front, spokesman <b>Kianoush Sanjari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. He was arrested after the July 2003 pro-democracy student demonstrations. He was first detained in the cellblock 209 of the Evin prison with other political prisoners, but later he was transferred to a cellblock for common criminals at the Qasr prison, he adds. (Amir Armin)
<b>Women Protest against TV's Image of Women</b>
• A large group of women assembled this afternoon at the offices of the trade association of journalists in Tehran in order to protest against what they called “anti-women” policies of the state-run radio-TV monopoly. Marzieh Langaroudi, Firouzeh Mohajer and Firouzeh Davoudi were among the many women's rights activists who spoke at the event, member of the cultural society of women <b>Parvin Ardalan</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> in an interview from the event. At the end of the event, a resolution will be issued titled ‘Radio-TV Monopoly Should End,'” she adds. The women demand that non-governmental and private institutions be allowed to start new radio and television stations, she says. Hundreds of women have filled up the meeting hall and the corridors, which have been filled beyond capacity, and many, who could not get in, have gathered outside, she says. (Nazi Azima)
<b>Head of Majles Complaints Committee Receives Press Freedom Award</b>
• The society for defense of press freedom gave its first “Golden Pen” award to head of the Majles complaints committee Hossein Ansari-rad. A committee of university professors, lawyers and journalists reviewed the various aspects of this award and decided on Ansarirad as the recipient of the society's first “Golden Pen” award, spokesman <b>Mashallah Shamsolvaezin</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Nazi Azima)
<b>Iran Court Orders US to Pay $600 Million in Damages to Chemical Attack Victims</b>
A court in Tehran ruled the US should pay $600 million in compensation to the survivors of Iraqi chemical attakcs in the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war for supplying ousted Iraqi president Saddam Hussein with chemical weapons, accoding to the official news agency IRNA.
ژان خاکزاد (راديو فردا) : جان بولتون معاون وزارت خارجه آمريکا روز سه شنبه بار ديگر جمهوري اسلامي را به نقض پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي متهم کرد. معاون وزير امور خارجه آمريکا بدون نام بردن از کشوري خاص، تاکيد کرد که شبکه عبدالقدير خان پدر بمب اتمي پاکستان، تکنولوژي هسته اي را در اختيار کشورهايي جز ايران، کره شمالي و ليبي نيز نهاده است. وي گفت: دستکم چهار کشور پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي را نقض کرده اند.
اردوان نيکنام(راديو فردا): معاون وزير امور خارجه آمريکا بدون نام بردن از کشوري خاص، تاکيد کرد که شبکه عبدالقدير خان پدر بمب اتمي پاکستان، تکنولوژي هسته اي را در اختيار کشورهايي جز ايران، کره شمالي و ليبي نيز نهاده است. وي گفت: دستکم چهار کشور پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي را نقض کرده اند. آقاي بولتون گفت: کشورهايي مانند ايران، فعالانه گرم نقض تعهدات خود به اين معاهده يا NPT هستند و به فن آوريها و مواد لازم براي برنامه سلاحهاي هسته اي خود دست يافتند.
معاون وزير امور خارجه آمريکا با اشاره به اين که يک بحران عدم تعهد به NPT درجريان است، گفت: رئيس جمهوري آمريکا مصمم است نگذارد کشورهايي که وي آنها را سرکش خواند، زير پوشش برنامه هاي صلح جويانه به جنگ افزار هسته اي دست يابند.
وي با تکرار اين که ايران از ذخاير عظيم نفت و گاز برخوردار است و بنابراين نيازي به انرژي هسته اي ندارد، تهران را به تلاش براي دستيابي به سلاح هسته اي متهم کرد. آقاي بولتون گفت: ايران علاقه خود را به خريد شش نيروگاه هسته اي ديگر ابراز داشته و به آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي اطلاع داده است که ساخت يک مرکز پژوهش نيروگاهي آب سنگين در اراک را نيز در دستور کار دارد. نيروگاهي که به گفته آقاي بولتون براي توليد پلوتونيوم کاملا توانا خواهد بود.
معاون وزير امور خارجه آمريکا با اعلام اين که ايالات متحده هنوز تصميم نگرفته است از آژانس بخواهد در اجلاس تيرماه خود ايران را به نقض پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي متهم کند، افزود: بهترين کاري که ايران مي تواند بکند اين است که به تمامي پرسشها پاسخ دهد و تجهيزات و تاسيسات اتمي خود را به روي بازرسيهاي شفاف بين المللي بگشايد.
ايران مکررا هر گونه تلاش براي دستيابي به سلاحهاي هسته اي را تکذيب کرده است. جان بولتون معاون وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا روز سه شنبه بار ديگر جمهوري اسلامي را به نقض پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي متهم کرد. او گفت افزون بر ايران و کره شمالي، کشورهاي ديگري نيز در پي دستيابي به سلاحهاي هسته اي هستند. وي بدون نام بردن از کشوري خاص، تاکيد کرد که شبکه عبدالقدير خان پدر بمب اتمي پاکستان، تکنولوژي هسته اي را در اختيار کشورهايي جز ايران، کره شمالي و ليبي نيز نهاده است. معاون وزير امور خارجه آمريکا با اشاره به اين که يک بحران عدم تعهد به پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي درجريان است، گفت: رئيس جمهوري آمريکا مصمم است نگذارد کشورهايي که وي آنها را سرکش خواند، زير پوشش برنامه هاي صلح جويانه به جنگ افزار هسته اي دست يابند. جمهوري اسلامي مکررا هر گونه تلاش براي دستيابي به سلاحهاي هسته اي را تکذيب کرده است.