Summary of Iran Stories in Today's BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSunday, June 13, 2004
<b>Iran's Nuclear Program Nears Self-Sufficiency, Bolton Says</b>
• The United States is concerned that Iran's nuclear program is reaching a very advanced stage, nearing self-sufficiency, US Undersecretary of State for Non-Proliferation <b>John Bolton</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. One reason that the UN Security Council should consider Iran's nuclear program is that Iran's production of nuclear weapons would be a threat to peace and security of the world, he adds. The leaders of the G8 countries were unanimous against development of nuclear weapons by Iran, he says. (Parichehr Farzam)
<b>Iran Protests over Fatal Shooting of Fishermen by Qatari Navy</b>
• Qatari navy's fighter ships on Friday attached an unarmed Iranian fishing boat near the Persian Gulf island of Lavan, killing the boat's captain and wounding several of its crewmembers. After being summoned to the foreign ministry for a diplomatic rebuke, Qatari ambassador in Tehran said he had no information about the incident. Qatar should pay damages to the victims' families, high level interior ministry official Ali-Asghar Ahmadi said. Last week, UAE coast guard boat attacked an Iranian shipping boat near Abu Musa, and hauled it to Dubai, where its Iranian wounded crewmembers were detained pending trial for trespassing. The attack followed a meeting of the Gulf Cooperation Council members during which the six Arab Persian Gulf nations backed UAE's dispute over the three Persian Gulf islands, Lesser and Greater Tombs and Abu Musa.
• Iranian security forces arrested 22 UAE fishermen and confiscated six UAE fishing boats in the waters of the Persian Gulf Iranian island of Qeshm, the Islamic government's Arabic TV network al-Alam reported on Saturday.
<b>Moonshine Vodka Kills 13 in Shiraz</b>
• At least 13 people died in Shiraz on Friday from drinking a home-made alcoholic drink they had bought on the black market, doctors said. Of the 65 who reported ill from the moonshine concoction, many others are in a coma, police said. Similar symptoms have been reported by hospitals in nearby town of Fasa, Shiraz judiciary chief Hassan Amiri said.
<b> Chief Defends Judiciary's New Role in Issuing Law Licenses</b>
• The new law which for the first time in Iran's modern history authorized the judiciary to issue law licenses would not hamper the lawyers' independence, according to judiciary chief Ayatollah Mahmoud Shahroudi, who responded to the law's critics yesterday in Tehran at a conference of lawyers. The judiciary's issuing of law licenses duplicates the bar association's role, and creates a new class of lawyers who depend on the judiciary's approval for yearly renewal of their licenses, lawyer and human rights activist <b>Mohammad Seifzadeh</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The bar association law, an initiative of the early 1950s nationalist prime minister Mohammad Mossadeq, protected trial lawyers' independence by ensuring that only the bar association, which is independent from the judiciary, could issue law licenses, he adds. When one entity is in charge of appointing judges as well as lawyers, the lawyers' independence and the interests of their clients would not compromised, he adds. (Leyli Sadr)
<b>Nuclear Bomb Will Not Secure Iran, Reformist Former MP Says</b>
• In an article for pro-reform party the Participation Front's website <i>Rooydad</i>, former MP Ahmad Shirzad echoes the words of former Iran's envoy to the IAEA, that nuclear bombs would not necessarily make Iran more secure. The world's consensus against Iran's atomic weapons will eventually bring down the government of those who are after such weapons, Shirzad warns.
<b>Crime Rate Doubles in Tehran in Five Years</b>
• Economic problems, joblessness, and young people's putting off marriage to later stages of life, were the reasons behind the doubling of crime rate in the past five years, Tehran judiciary chief Abassali Abbaszadeh said.
<b>EU Begins 4th Round of Economic Talks with Iran</b>
• A delegation from the European Union arrived in Tehran for the fourth round of the human rights talks with the Islamic officials. EU diplomats have admitted in clear terms that their policy of engaging the Islamic government in constructive dialogue has been fruitless, <b>Radio Farda</b>'s <b>Alireza Taheri</b> says. Iran's declared abolition of death by stoning punishment may have been the only clear result of the dialogue which has been going on for two years. Last week Human Rights Watch urged the EU to take a stronger stand against the Islamic government's violations of human rights.
• The only non-governmental human rights organization permitted by the Iranian officials to participate in EU-Iran human rights talks is the Amnesty International, Paris-based deputy chairman of the federation of human rights societies and head of the society for defense of human rights <b>Abdolkarim Lahiji</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Other organizations, including Shirin Ebadi's human rights defenders' center and the international commission of lawyers have also been shut out of the Tehran talks. The Islamic Republic exploited its human rights talks with EU to prevent the EU from bringing a resolution condemning Iran's human rights violations to the floor of the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Commission's meeting last month in Geneva. For the past two years, HRC has not been offered a resolution condemning Iran by its member states.
• The foreign ministry has not responded to the request of Tehran-based human rights defenders' center for participation in the human rights roundtable with the EU delegation, lawyer <b>Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah</b>, a founding member of the center, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The EU human rights delegation's roundtable in Tehran can only be called positive when it ends with obtaining the release of Ahmad Batebi, father of the jailed student <b>Mohammad-Baqer Batebi</b> says. <b>Zahra Behnudi</b>, wife of jailed history professor and Islamic leftist activist Hashem Aghajari, says she would meet the EU delegation, if asked. Her husband, whose death sentence has been overturned twice by the Islamic judiciary's supreme court, has been in jail since June 2002 for a speech on Islamic Protestantism. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
<b>Supreme Leader's Divine Connection</b>
• The Supreme Leader is in touch with the Source of Divine Inspiration, the Supreme Leader's chief of staff Ayatollah Gholamhossein Mohammadi Golpaygani said yesterday. Thousands of followers in Iran and around the world, even in the US, are ready to give their lives to carry out the Supreme Leader's edicts, he adds. Domestic news agencies said last week that thousands responded to a drive organized by an entity claiming loyalty to the Supreme Leader, registered as suicide volunteers for attacks on US forces within Iraq
<b>Hidden Imam's Signature under List of Majles MPs</b>
• Qum prayer leader Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, who is speaker of the Experts Assembly, which oversees the conduct of the Supreme Leader, said on Friday that the Shiites' 12th Imam, believed to be “hidden” from views until the Judgment Day, approved and signed a list of names and addresses of the conservative MPs elected in last February's elections, which followed the Guardians Council's widespread ban on reformist candidates. With all due respect to the hidden Imam, we believe that people elect the Majles MPs, not the hidden Imam, Majles speaker Mehdi Karrubi said. Qum prayer leader's statement has no basis in logic, former prosecutor of revolutionary courts Ayatollah Mousavi-Ardabili said.
<b>Conservative Majles to Make Supervision of Guardians Council Constant: RadioFarda Human Rights and Democracy Roundtable</b>
• The new conservatives-dominated Majles is said to be drafting a bill that would turn the Guardians Council's supervision over the legislative branch constant. The conservative MPs owe their election to the Guardians Council, and therefore the passage of such a bill is not unlikely, Tehran University political science professor <b>Sadeq Zibakalam</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. By approving this bill, the MPs will effectively add an article to the constitution, Tehran-based lawyer <b>Nemat Ahmadi</b> says. The MPs of previous Majles sessions, especially the third and the fourth, which were elected based on the Guardians Council's perception of its supervisory role, each approved legislation cementing that perception, constitutional reform activist and law professor <b>Qasem Shoaleh-Saadi</b> says. (Ali Sajjadi)
<b>State Banks' Purchase of Privatized Enterprises Shares</b>
• Responding to critics, new head of the privatization organization said state banks' purchase of the shares of privatized state enterprises in the Tehran stock market did not derail the privatization process, but was a part of it. The privatization organization says it is trying to reduce the economic activities of the government, Tehran-based journalist <b>Ali Zandi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. One obstacle of the privatization process is the resistance of the managers of state enterprises, who do not fully cooperate with the privatization organization. The other major obstacle is that private sector investors allocate little cash to buying stocks. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
<b>Iran Gives Information on al-Qaeda Detainees to Saudi Arabia</b>
• Iran has collected information from the senior al-Qaeda members it has in custody and passed on the information to Saudi Arabia, foreign minister Kamal Kharazi said on Friday.
<b>Judge Bans Nobel Laureate Ebadi from Kazemi Trial</b>
• A judge in Tehran barred Nobel Peace prize laureate Shirin Ebadi from attending the trial of the intelligence ministry official accused in the death in custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi. Presence or absence of Ms. Ebadi would not guarantee that justice will be served in the proceeding, Kazemi's Montreal-based son <b>Stephan Hachemi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Maryam Aghvami, Toronto
ليلي صدر (راديوفردا): در حاشيه کنفرانس هفته گذشته کشورهاي صنعتي جهان که در سي آيلند، در ايالت جرجياي آمريکا برگزار شد، صدور قطعنامه اي درباره اهميت اجراي پيمان منع توليد و گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي، نشان داد که اين نشست نگران عدم تبعيت کشورها از تعهدات بين المللي خود در اين باره است. نگراني اين نشست درباره دو کشور بود: ايران و کره شمالي.
پريچهر فرزام (راديوفردا): هر چند که کنفرانس رهبران دمکراسي هاي صنعتي جهان که به گروه صنعتي هشت معروف است، هفته گذشته در سي آيلند پايان يافت، اما اين پايان آغاز رسيدگي به مسائلي است که در آن کنفرانس مورد بحث و تبادل نظر قرار گرفت، و به صدور قطعنامه هايي انجاميد. يکي از آن مسائل، قاطعيت رهبران کشورهاي صنعتي در اجراي پيمان نامه عدم توليد و گسترش سلاح هاي اتمي بود که در آن به دو مورد اشاره شده بود: عدم تبعيت کره شمالي و ايران. و به همين جهت از آنان خواسته شده بود که به تعهدات بين المللي خود در اين مورد عمل کنند، و به ويژه دولت ايران پروتکل الحاقي آژانس جهاني انرژي اتمي را که چندي قبل امضاء کرده است، تصويب کند.
در حاشيه اين کنفرانس و به مناسبت اهميت موضوع که براي نخستين بار کشورهاي پيشرفته و صنعتي جهان را در اين مورد يکپارچه کرده است، با جان بولتون، معاون وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا در کنترل سلاح ها و امور خارجي، به گفتگو نشستم و از وي پرسيدم که ايالات متحده هميشه درباره جنگ افزارهاي کشتار جمعي ايران نگران بوده است، آيا هنوز هم آمريکا در همين موضع است؟ آقاي بولتون پاسخ داد:
جان بولتون (معاون وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا در کنترل سلاح ها و امور خارجي): بله، ديدگاه هاي ما اين است که رژيم ايران برنامه تسليحات محرمانه اتمي خود را دنبال مي کند. ما گمان مي کنيم که ساختن اين سلاح ها در دست انجام است و ايران تنها مي خواهد آژانس جهاني انرژي اتمي را بفريبد. ما نگران اين هستيم که برنامه اتمي ايران، بسيار پيشرفته و نزديک به خودکفايي است، و يک دليل اينکه ما طي سال ها گفته ايم که شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد بايد به اين مساله رسيدگي کند، اين است که توليد جنگ افزارهاي اتمي توسط ايران، صلح و امنيت جهاني را مورد مخاطره قرار خواهد داد.
پ.ف.: از آقاي بولتون، معاون وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا در کنترل سلاح ها مي پرسم: شما به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد اشاره کرديد. آيا تصور مي کنيد که نشست سران دمکراسي هاي صنعتي جهان مي تواند آژانس جهاني انرژي اتمي را تحت تاثير قرار داده و مساله ايران را به شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل ارجاع کند؟ آقاي بولتون در پاسخ مي گويد:
جان بولتون: تصور مي کنم که مساله اي که خوشبختانه رهبران گروه صنعتي هشت با آن موافق هستند، اعلام يکپارچگي آنان است، و مخالفت با توليد سلاح هاي اتمي توسط رژيم ايران. در حاشيه کنفرانس هفته گذشته کشورهاي صنعتي جهان که در سي آيلند، در ايالت جرجياي آمريکا برگزار شد، صدور قطعنامه اي درباره اهميت اجراي پيمان منع توليد و گسترش سلاح هاي هسته اي، نشان داد که اين نشست نگران عدم تبعيت کشورها از تعهدات بين المللي خود در اين باره است. جان بولتون، معاون وزارت امور خارجه آمريکا در کنترل سلاح ها و امور خارجي، در حاشيه اين کنفرانس به راديوفردا مي گويد که آمريکا نگران اين است که برنامه اتمي جمهوري اسلامي، بسيار پيشرفته و نزديک به خودکفايي است، و يک دليل اينکه شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل متحد بايد به اين مساله رسيدگي کند، اين است که توليد جنگ افزارهاي اتمي توسط جمهوري اسلامي، صلح و امنيت جهاني را مورد مخاطره قرار خواهد داد. وي مي افزايد که رهبران گروه صنعتي هشت به طور يکپارچه اعلام کردند که مخالفت با توليد سلاح هاي اتمي توسط حکومت ايران هستند.