فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با احمد زيدآبادي
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceWednesday, June 12, 2002
- Majles Speaker agrees with need for unity
- Majles re-elects Karubi as Speaker
- Publisher comments on judiciary's banning permitted books
- Dubai invites Internet companies to Internet City
- New stock market opens in Mashhad
- US-Iran: The Best of Enemies
- Militarization of Caspian
Majles Speaker Agrees with Nationalist-Religious Leader on Unity
* Ebrahim Yazdi, secretary general of the nationalist-religious opposition group Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI), said after a meeting at the Majles with Speaker Mehdi Karubi that the two agreed on the need for political unity among all groups. Pro-reform journalist Ahmad Zeydabadi says FMI has advocated unity since the early days of the revolution, but says Yazdi emphasizes it now because of the perceived US threat and fragile domestic political conditions. Zeydabadi tells RFE/RL that the conservatives, holding 80 percent of power, oppose unity if it means limiting their role to the low percentage of votes they have received. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Majles Reelects Karubi as Speaker
* In electing Mehdi Karubi as Speaker and Mohammad-Reza Khatami, brother of the president, as deputy speaker, the Majles did not change the makeup of its leadership. Islamic leftist MP Behzad Nabavi was also elected as the second deputy speaker, instead of Mohsen Armin, Nabavi's colleague in the Mojahedin-e Enqelab organization. The votes came after a period of intense disagreement among the reformist faction, threatening to break it into two or three groupings by the next Majles election in winter 2004. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Banning Permitted Books, a Publisher's View
* Book publisher Sadeq Samii, head of Tehran's "Ketabsara" imprint, says letters written by the publishers' association to the judiciary chief and Khatami have had no effect on ending the prosecution of writers and publishers of four permitted books banned by the judiciary last month. He says judiciary's ban on books would not necessarily result in an expansion of the underground book market, but will increase self-censorship, since publishers can no longer trust that books permitted by the ministry of culture would be immune from prosecution by the judiciary. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Iranian Internet Companies to Operate in Dubai
* The head of Dubai's Internet City announced that Iranian Internet companies would be welcome to set up shop there. Economic journalist Mohammad-Reza Balideh tells RFE/RL that Iranian Internet companies can offer Iranian goods through the Internet using Dubai's facilities. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Regional Stock Markets and the Iranian Economy
* The opening today of the first regional stock market in Mashhad will be followed by four other regional exchanges. According to Ahmad Mirmotahari, director of the Tehran stock exchange, three million people in Iran invest in stocks. He said the market rose by an average rate of 43 percent during the past three years, despite the deep economic recession. Demand for stocks increased during the past three years as Iran's strong oil income made foreign currency speculation less lucrative. But the stock boom appears short-lived since it is not rooted in economic growth, according to RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand.
"The Best of Enemies"
* Writing from Tehran for the New York Times, Thomas Friedman analyzes the pros and cons for both Iran and the US of restoring relations. (Siavash Ardalan)
Militarization of the Caspian Sea
* RFE/RL's Jean-Chirsophe Peuch discusses militarization of the Caspian Sea with three experts. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Participants in Afghanistan's loya jirga discuss the cabinet positions in the future transitional government that will likely be headed by Hamed Karzai. (Ahmad Takel, Kabul; Shireen Famili, Prague)
* US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld to visit India's prime minister and Pakistan's head of state. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Pakistan's Musharraf meets Saudi Arabian officials in Riyadh. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* FAO summit participants in Rome link the spread of AIDS and terrorism to hunger. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Not being hungry is a human right, according to Le Monde. (Fariba Mavedat)
* Russia begins selling oil to the US and receives investment from Germany for oil and gas pipelines. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* World Labor Organization to campaign against child labor in its upcoming summit meeting in Geneva. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Morocco arrests five Saudi citizens on charges of membership in al-Qaeda.
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* Roundup of today's World Cup games by RFE/RL's soccer commentator. (Mehrdad Masudi, Seoul)
Weekly Science Program
Global Warming Study
* A joint study by NASA and the United States Geological Survey (USGS), involving scientists from 23 countries, found that the great majority of the world's glaciers are melting at an accelerated rate, which could significantly affect agriculture, water supplies, hydroelectric power, transportation, mining, coastlines, and ecological habitats in the next 100 years. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Discovering Principles of Motor Control in Humans
* In an interview with RFE/RL, Dr. Reza Shadmehr, who leads a team of engineers, physicist, and physicians at Johns Hopkins University, describes his research on using tools from robotics, computational neuroscience, and functional imaging of the brain to discover the principles of motor control in humans. (Fatemeh Aman)
Gene Therapy for Diabetes
* In a written interview with RFE/RL, Dr. Hyun Chul Lee of Yonsei University Medical School in Seoul, South Korea, describes his research, inducing remission in rats and mice with Type I or juvenile diabetes using a novel form of gene therapy. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Frying and Cancer
* Research performed by Sweden's National Food Administration has found surprisingly high levels of the chemical acrylamide, a probable cancer-causing agent, in fried and baked starchy foods. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Youth, Society and Education
* Said Peyvandi, Paris-based professor of comparative sociology and an expert of education in Iran, discusses the presentation of history in Iran's textbooks and comments on recent developments.
Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun
* Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi.
From Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif
* Filmmaker and RFE/RL reporter Ali Attar surveys the new Afghanistan in a journey from Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif.
ابراهيم يزدي، دبيركل نهضت آزادي به همراه چند تن از اعضاي اين تشكل "ملي - مذهبي" ديروز با مهدي كروبي رئيس مجلس شوراي اسلامي در باره وفاق ملي مذاكره كرد و گفت ميان نظرات وي با كروبي هماهنگي وجود داشت. احمد زيدآبادي، روزنامه نگار مقيم تهران و تحليلگرامور ايران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: دكتر يزدي به اين نتيجه رسيده است كه با توجه تهديد علني كه آمريكا مطرح كرده است و باتوجه به وضعيت داخلي كشور كه بسيار شكننده به نظر مي رسد، لازم است همه گروه ها براساس يك اصول مشترك راه همكاري و اتحاد را باهم درپيش بگيرند. وي مي افزايد: مشي نهضت آزادي از ابتداي انقلاب همين بوده است، اما حالا فرصت را مناسبت تر مي بيند. زيدآبادي مي گويد: جناح محافظه كار كه 80 درصد قدرت را در ايران در دست دارد، اصولا براي وفاق ملي آمادگي ندارد و حاضر نيست سهم آن از حاكميت متناسب با تعداد آرائي باشد كه در انتخابات بدست آورد.