مهدي خلحي، مصاحبه با صادق زيبا كلام (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, September 22, 2002
- Public opinion favors relations with the US
- Kuwaiti defense minister to visit Iran
- Russia seeks return of spent nuclear fuel from Iran
- Religious propaganda backlash
- Danish ambassador denies EU conditions for Iran relations
- Cultural heritage guards corps proposed
- Molud Atefi dies
- Anniversary of Iran-Iraq war
Poll Shows Iranians Favor US Relations
More than three-fourth of respondents to a poll conducted jointly by three government opinion survey organizations said they favor relations with the US. More than 80 percent supported negotiations with the US. However a majority rejected conditions set by EU for expansion of economic ties with Iran, including respect for human rights and recognition of Israel.
* Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zibakalam tells RFE/RL that results of opinion polls in Iran depend on the organization conducting the survey. However, he adds, a majority of Iranians see relations with the US to be in the national interest of Iran, since they are aware of the heavy price Iran has paid for the "Death to America" slogan of the ruling clerics. He says Iranians do not take US and EU criticism of human rights violations in Iran seriously, since they do not see similar criticism against other Middle East countries in which human rights conditions are far worse than Iran. Zibakalam says public opinion has no effect on the opposition of the clerical rulers to relations with the US. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Kuwaiti Defense Minister to Visit Iran
* Sources in the Middle East see the upcoming visit to Tehran by Kuwaiti defense minister Jabar Mubarak as part of the efforts by Saudi Arabia, Iran and Kuwait to coordinate their policies towards possible US attack against the Iraqi regime. However, in official statements to press, Mubarak said his Iran visit has nothing to do with Iraq. Kuwait, where tens of thousands of US soldiers are stationed, has said it would cooperate with the US against the Iraqi regime only if it was sanctioned by the UN. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Russia's Condition for Sending Nuclear Fuel to Iran
* As atomic energy organization head Gholamreza Aqazadeh announced Iran's plan to build more nuclear power plants, Russia's minister of atomic energy said no nuclear fuel would be sent to Iran before Iran signs a treaty guaranteeing the return of spent nuclear fuel to Russia. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
Religious Propaganda Backlash
* The regime has stepped up expenditure on religious propaganda, using official media, mosques and many Islamic publishing and advertising organs, as well as Iran's state-owned radio and television networks. In addition to propaganda, participation in religious ceremonies and official prayers is being rewarded with cash and job promotions. However, as Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi, head of the coservative high council of Qom seminarians has complained, Iranian youth increasingly resist religious teachings in favor of western culture. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Danish Ambassador: EU Has Set No Conditions for Expansion of Ties
In an interview with Iran's official news agency IRNA, Danish Ambassador to Tehran said EU has set no conditions for expansion of economic and diplomatic ties with Iran.
* Paris-based human rights advocate Abdolkarim Lahiji, head of Society for Defense of Human Rights in Iran, tells RFE/RL that EU's statement following last week's talks in Tehran clearly sets four conditions for expansion of ties, including respect for human rights, recognition of Israel's right to exist and halting aid to extremist Palestinian groups and development of weapons of mass destruction. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
New Police Force to Guard Ancient Sites and Monuments
To protect ancient sites and monuments from looting, the cultural heritage foundation proposed formation of a new police force titles "cultural heritage guards corps." It also proposed decentralization of the management of archaeological sites and museums through establishing independent boards of trustees.
* Tehran University archaeology professor Jamal Ansari tells RFE/RL that forming a new police force would have to be approved by the Majles. He adds that establishing boards of trustees for museums and monuments would not resolve the long-term dispute between the cultural heritage organization (Sazeman-e Miras-e Farhangi) and the culture ministry's museums department over allocating funds and resources to these institutions. He adds that managers assigned to museums and cultural centers have no education, training or background in the field and are incapable of responding to the needs of the visitors. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Molud Atefi, Veteran Radio Story Teller Dies in Washington
* Molud Atefi, who told stories every day on radio to several generations of Iranian children, died in Washington yesterday at 75. Atefi began her work 50 years ago as a radio announcer. She moved to Washington after the 1979 revolution and worked at VOA. (Mina Baharmast)
Anniversary of Iran-Iraq War: Special Report
On September 22, 1980, Iraq attacked Iran by air, land and sea, hoping to overpower a weakened Iranian army within a few days. The Shiite clerics who had taken over Iran after the 1979 revolution said Iraq's goal was to topple the new revolutionary regime.
* Tehran University professor Hamid Ahmadi, who was a captain in the Iranian navy at the time, tells RFE/RL that one reason for Iraq's attack was the ruling clerics' announced plan to export the Islamic revolution. He adds that scores of top army, air force and navy officers were murdered right after the revolution, hundreds of experienced army personnel were laid off or forced to retire, and 240 officers were arrested and some of whom were killed just two months before Iraq's attack for their alleged participation in the Nozhe coup plot. Iraq expected to win the war within a few days, since it expected the Iranian army, decapitated after the revolution, could not defend the country. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Civil Society and Human Rights
* Washington-based lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar focuses on new attempts by the Judiciary to limit access to Internet in Iran.
School Year and the Education Minister
* At the start of the new school year in Iran, RFE/RL's Paris-based education commentator reviews the scorecard of education minister Morteza Haji, who begins his second year in office. (Said Peyvandi)
* Based on interviews published by state-owned students news agency ISNA with packaging industry experts and observers in Iran, RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says failure of the packaging industry to upgrade its machinery and materials has made Iranian goods vulnerable to competition from foreign producers in domestic and foreign markets. One example, he says, is Iran's saffron which is purchased in bulk by Spanish packagers and sold at high prices in European markets disguised as Spanish product.
RFE/RL Roundtable: US-Iran Relations
* Frankfurt-based leftist activist Mehdi Khanbaba Tehrani, one of the political activists in exile who signed a statement last month urging the regime to open negotiations with the US, and Mehrdad Khonsari, head of a London-based Iranian opposition organization, who opposes negotiations between the US and the Tehran regime, discuss Iran-US relations with Tehran-based nationalist-religious journalist, Ahmad Zeydabadi. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* In a report on Tehran's Electronic, Computer and Electronic Trade expo, Elecomp, Tehran-based IT expert Masud Gholami writes in his website "Medad Noki" that Fridaythe loud noise from religious concert commemorating the birth anniversary of the Shiite's first Imam at the pavilion of the state-owned IT company SA Iran disrupted professional seminars and other activities in the entire expo, held in eight large halls at Tehran's permanent site for trade fairs and conventions. Once more, religious zealotry clashed with modern world and high technology. Also, IT expert Yunes Shokrkhah writes in his website, Dot, that the expo marked an expansion in private sector activity in the fields of IT and Internet, but adds that the private sector activity is limited to imports, not domestic development and production. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews a biography of Nasser Khosrow, translated by Fereydoun Badrehi, from Nashr Farzan-e Ruz publishers.
Daily Science Report
* Scientists under Dr. Leonard Kindler of Washington's marine research labs managed to produce electricity from bacteria living at the bottom of the oceans. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Song: Jaddeh (Road)
* RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam plays Jaddeh, a pop song written by 1970's popular singer/songwriter Shamaizadeh, performed by Los Angeles-based singer Noushafarin.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Interview: Jamshid Asadi
* Paris-based sociologist Ehsan Naraghi interviews American University of Paris sociology professor Jamshid Asadi on globalization. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Commander of anti-terrorism coalition forces in Afghanistan meets with Kandahar governor Gol Agha Shirzad and Heart governor Esmail Khan in an effort to resolve the dispute between the two and get them to support the central government. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* In interviews with RFE/RL, German-Iranians voting in Germany's parliamentary elections explain the reasons for their support for Social Democrats and the Green Party. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* France sends troops to its former colony Ivory Coast, following last week's failed coup. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Yemeni forces kill two al-Qaeda elements and arrest three. Yemeni foreign minister says Yemen expands its cooperation with the US against al-Qaeda fugitives. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Israel levels most structures in Arafat's headquarters in Ramallah. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Sixty European Catholic organizations issue a statement opposing possible US military action against the Iraqi regime. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* Egyptian press attack US ambassador for his criticism of the lies published in Egyptian newspapers about the global war against terrorism. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* People in 37 European cities and four major Canadian cities observe the no automobile day. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* At the Osaka world energy conference, Saudi Arabia oil minister Ali Naimi says his country would increase oil production if it becomes necessary. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
طبق يك نظرسنجي موسسه ملي سنجش افكار عمومي و پژوهشكده علوم انساني و اجتماعي جهاد دانشگاهي كه نتايج آن از سوي خبرگزاري رسمي جمهوري اسلامي منتشر شد، اكثريت قاطع مردم خواستار رابطه با آمريكا هستند ولي همين اكثريت مخالف شرايط اتحاديه اروپا براي گسترش مناسبات اقتصادي با ايران، يعني رعايت حقوق بشر و به رسميت شناختن موجوديت كشور اسرائيل هستند. دكتر صادق زيبا كلام، استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد نتايج نظرسنجي هائي كه در ايران منتشر مي شود، بستگي به موسسه اي دارد كه آن ها را انجام مي دهد. وي مي افزايد: در هرحال نظرسنجي ها نشان دهنده وجود افق هاي جديدي در مردم ايران است نسبت به آمريكا و رفع حالت مخالفت و كينه وضديت با آمريكا. وي مي افزايد: به خصوص براي نسل جوان، داشتن يا نداشتن رابطه با آمريكا يك مسئله ايده ئولوژيك نيست و بايد تابعي از منافع ملي باشد. وي مي افزايد: مرگ بر آمريكا گفتن و تداوم تنش و ضديت با آمريكا هزينه زيادي به منافع ملي ايران تحميل كرده است. وي مي افزايد ايرانيان اعتقادي به انتقادات اروپاو آمريكا نسبت به نقض حقوق بشر ندارند. وي مي افزايد: نظر مردم ايران در باره رابطه با آمريكا تاكنون نتوانسته است در موضع سران محافظه كار رژيم در ضديت با آمريكا تاثير بگذارد.