سياوش اردلان، مصاحبه با مهدي مظفري (دانمارك) وسخنان رهبر جمهوري اسلامي
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, November 04, 2002
- Anniversary of the hostage crisis
- Press court arrests reformist Abdi
- Show of support for Abdollah Nuri
- Equal blood money for religious minorities
- Death sentence to substitute stoning
Anniversary of Hostage Crisis
On the 23rd anniversary of the hostage crisis, conservative political parties issued statements against resuming relations with the US; an obscure "student" group, calling itself "students' committee of the secretariat of the international conference for supporting the Palestinian Entefada" held a demonstration in front of the former US embassy in Tehran; Buinzahra MP Qodratollah Alikhani said rapprochement with the US depends on the will of the Supreme Leader; the Supreme Leader called US the symbol of arrogance; President Khatami said the embassy takeover was a sign of Iranians' anger at "meddlesome" US policies.
* International relations professor Mehdi Mozafari of Aarhus University in Denmark tells RFE/RL that the hostage crisis led to Iran's international isolation.
Judiciary Arrests Reformist Strategist Abbas Abdi
* The press court arrested former US Embassy hostage-taker Abbas Abdi, a board member of the pro-reform party Jebheh Mosharekat (Participation Front), for his link to the padlocked opinion survey agency Ayandeh (Future), a participant in the opinion survey that showed 74 percent of respondents favor relations with the US. The conservative Jomhuri-ye Eslami (Islamic Republic) newspaper quoted press court judge Said Mortazavi that Ayandeh had received 450 million rials ($52,000) from the Washington-based polling organization Gallop. Said Shariati, of the Participation Front, told the government-owned student news agency ISNA that Abdi's arrest was due to his concept of exiting the regime. (Mehdi Khalaji)
FT: "The West's Unlikely Ally in the Middle East" Iran: the West's Unlikely Ally
* In today's Financial Times, Yale University international security researcher Ray Takeyh writes that Washington should recognize Tehran's willingness to improve relations with the West. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
Reformists' Show of Support for the Jailed Interior Minister Nuri
* President Khatami, Majles speaker Karrubi and other prominent reformist officials attended the memorial of MP Alireza Nuri, brother of former interior minister Abdollah Nuri, in jail for his outspoken opposition to the policies of the Supreme Leader. Alireza Nuri died last week in a car accident along with Khash MP Massud Hashem Zehi. The memorial held in a Tehran mosque marked a public show of support for Abdollah Nuri, who has been mentioned as the reformists' candidate to replace President Khatami. Nuri remained in jail because he refused to appeal to the Supreme Leader for amnesty. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Majles Approves Equal Blood Money for Religious Minorities
* The Majles approved a bill that increased the blood money for officially recognized religious minorities to equal that of Muslims. Islamic code sets wrongful death compensation for non-Muslims at one-twelfth of that of Muslims. MP Leon Abrahamian, who represents Iran's Armenian minority, tells RFE/RL that due to the Supreme Leader's support, the Guardians Council is expected to approve the bill. He adds that a government circular bans job discrimination against religious minorities. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
MP Proposes Abolition of Stoning
* Isfahan MP Akram Mosavari Manesh proposed substituting a normal death sentence in place of death by stoning. She tells RFE/RL that Ayatollah Khomeini had decreed that judges could issue death sentences in circumstances that Islamic code calls for death by stoning. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Zarafshan's Lawyer in Berlin
* Mohammad-Ali Jedari Forughi, lawyer of Nasser Zarafshan, tells RFE/RL that after visiting Sweden, he went to Germany to press for Zarafshan's release through lectures and press conferences. Zarafshan is serving a five-year jail sentence for representing the families of the victims of the serial murders of political dissidents. Jedari-Foroughi says that before leaving Tehran he visited Zarafshan in jail and arranged for his family to visit him there. He hopes that the attorney general would revoke Zarafshan's sentence since the Majles complaints committee has found his trial unlawful. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Cabinet Approves Women Spectators in Sports Arenas
* The Khatami cabinet approved opening sports arenas to women spectators. Arash Rahbar, sports editor of the daily Hamshahri, tells RFE/RL that this would nearly double soccer spectators and increase soccer clubs' income. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Majles Approves Bill to Allow Foreign Universities to Open Branches in Iran
* A new bill approved today in the Majles would make it possible for foreign universities to operate branches in Iran. RFE/RL's Paris-based education commentator Said Peyvandi says since the 1979 revolution, Iranian universities operated in isolation. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Tehran International Conference on Quality
* Iranian and foreign experts meet in Tehran's first international conference on quality. RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says conference organizers are close to Iran's state-owned car industry, which depends on protectionism and cannot compete with foreign cars due to the lack of quality controls.
RFE/RL Roundtable: Hostage Crisis Anniversary
* Paris-based Ahmad Salamatian, who was a Majles deputy and later Iran's representative in the UN during the hostage crisis, Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zibakalam, who was a supporter of the hostage takers, and Berlin-based Farhad Fardjad, who led the communist party youth organization at the time, discuss the hostage crisis on its 23rd anniversary. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* In the aftermath of temporary shutdown of the Persianblog.com, an Internet site dedicated to Persian web log writers, web logger Ali Pirhosseinlu conducts a survey on his co-web loggers who, for almost one week, could not access their web notes. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Karman Fani reviews "Chardin and Iran" an analysis of Iran during the Safavids, translated by Hamzeh Akhavan Taqavi.
* Movie houses in London began screening the second installment in the Harry Potter movie series. (Alireza Taheri)
Daily Science Report
* A large research team published its widespread study on the health of native Americans before the arrival of Europeans. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
International Art Exhibit in Cologne
* Art critic Masud Sadeddin tells RFE/RL about the International art exhibit in Cologne, which features the work of Zurich-based Iranian artist Shirana Shahbazi. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Song: Abshar (Waterfall)
* RFE/RL's Frankfurt-based music critic Mahmud Khoshnam plays Abshar (Waterfall), performed by 1970s popular singer Fereydoun Farokhzad, who was killed in Berlin 10 years ago.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Three Iranian Films in Vancouver Film Festival
* RFE/RL's Vancouver-based film critic Azadeh Rahsepar reviews three Iranian films shown in the international Vancouver film festival.
* Islamic party "Justice and Development" wins 363 seats in the 550-seat Turkish parliament. (Jamshid Zand)
* Political biography of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, leader of the Turkey's Justice and Development Party.
* US to submit a new draft resolution on Iraq to the UN Security Council. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* A car explosion kills Qaed Senyan al-Harthi, an al-Qaeda leader in Yemen. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Israeli parliament to vote on Sharon's new cabinet. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Karzai fires 20 military and civilian officials. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* An appeals court reviews former French foreign minister Roland Dumas's corruption case. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* US voters to go to polls tomorrow. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
تشكل هاي حكومتي و رسمي به ويژه دستجات دانشجوئي كه اسامي آنها براي افكار عمومي و ناظران ناشناخته بودند، از جمله گروهي تحت عنوان كميته دانشجوئي دبيرخانه كنفرانس بين المللي حمايت از انتفاضه فلسطين، به مناسبت سالروز اشغال سفارت آمريكا درتهران، در برابر ساختمان سابق سفارت آمريكا دست به تظاهرات زدند. در شعارها، نسبت به برقراري رابطه با آمريكا مخالفت ابراز شد. قدرت الله عليخاني، نماينده مجلس از بوئين زهرا گفت سازش با آمريكا به اراده رهبر جمهوري اسلامي منوط است. رهبر جمهوري اسلامي در سخنراني خود آمريكا را مظهر استكبار قلمداد كرد. محمدخاتمي، رئيس جمهوري اسلامي گفت حادثه تسخير سفارت آمريكا نشانه خشم مردم نسبت به سياست هاي مداخله جويانه آمريكا بود. دكتر مهدي مظفري، استاد روابط بين المللي در دانمارك، درمصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد تعرض به سفارتخانه حكم تعرض به كشورمتبوع آن را دارد. وي مي افزايد اگر در سفارتخانه اي جاسوسي مي شود، راه هاي قانوني براي جلوگيري از آن وجود دارد، از جمله اخراج ماموران مظنون. وي مي افزايد اقدام گروه موسوم به دانشجويان پيرو خط امام از جمله به انزواي سياسي ايران انجاميد كه حمله عراق به ايران، هشت سال جنگ، صدها هزار كشته و معلول و ميلياردهادلار خسارت از عواقب آن بود. سرشناس ترين چهره هاي اصلاح طلب هوادار دولت محمدخاتمي، در زمره كساني بودند كه با حمله به سفارت آمريكا كاركنان آن را به گروگان گرفتند.