جمشيد زند، مصاحبه با عبدالفتاح سلطاني و محسن سازگارا (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, November 09, 2002
- Aghajari's death sentence
- Review of the week
- Italian NGO campaigns against stoning
- Future of the reform movement
- Women's rights
Reactions to Aghajari's Death Sentence
Lawyers, journalists and Majles deputies criticized the judiciary for the Hamedan court's death sentence against professor Hashem Aghajari, jailed last June after he criticized the clerical rule and the Shiite principle of emulating a religious leader. Dissident cleric Ayatollah Hosseinali Montazeri said in a statement that such verdicts portray a violent image of Islam. The reformist daily Hayat-e No (New Life) wrote that the verdict would further weaken Iran's position in the world.
* Tehran lawyer Abdolfatah Soltani tells RFE/RL that the verdict defies both the civil and bIslamic codes, and was issued to intimate the reformists. Mohsen Sazegara, independent political commentator and publisher of several banned reformist newspapers, tells RFE/RL that the verdict was more embarrassing than the Catholic Church's verdict against Galileo. (Jamshid Zand)
* Human Rights Watch's Elaheh Sharifpour Hicks tells RFE/RL that her organization condemns the verdict. She says in his speech in Hamedan, Aghajari criticized the Shiite clergy, the principle of emulation, and the Islamic officials' view of Islam, but did not insult the prophet of Islam. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* London's Al-Hayat said the verdict shows the conservative's worry about the stability of the clerical rule. Cairo's Al-Ahram said the crisis is deeping in Iran, and the Emirates' Al-Ettehad wrote that Aghajari's verdict shows there is no freedom of expression in Iran. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
Iran: The Week in Review
* Last week, the Majles deliberation of President Khatami's bill to reform election law was accompanied by the arrest of Abbas Abdi and reformist pollsters, Aghajari's conviction in Hamedan and former interior minister Abdollah Nuri's parodon. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Italian NGO Hands off Cain Campaigns against Stoning in Iran
* Sergio Delia, head of the Italian anti-capital punishment organization Hands off Cain, tells RFE/RL that he was unable to find the names of the four women sentenced to death by stoning in Iran. He says European governments and human rights organizations should condemn stoning verdicts in Iran. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
Future of the Reform Movement
At the Carnegie Institute for Peace in Washington, professor Nasser Hadian of Tehran University said in the near future Iran may go one of three directions:
1. Status quo: Everything is political, but time is on the side of the reformists. If they cannot control the future, they must make sure they keep the status quo.
2. Democratic Option: Achievable only if Khatami becomes the leader of the reform, instead of its spokesperson.
3. Undemocratic Option: After crushing the rival faction, the conservatives would work with everyone, including secular technocrats, in order to have an efficient government. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Swiss Judiciary to Cooperate with Argentine on Menem-Iran Bribe Case
* The Swiss federal justice department said it will cooperate with the Argentinean judiciary in investigating the Argentine charge that former president Carlos Menem took $10 million bribe from Iran to cover Iran's role in the terrorist bombing attacks on the Buenos Aires Jewish center. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Civil Society and Human Rights
* Lawyer and Human Rights advocate Mehrangiz Kar discusses gender discrimination in Iran's laws.
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* Hayat-e No columnist Sina Motalebi says in his web log www.rooydad.com that DNS searches showed that two pro-conservative websites are supported by a unit of the state-owned radio-TV organization. Also, www.iran-emrooz.de asks writers to send it only exclusive material, since it does not want to become a bulletin board like many other news and views websites. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews Zoya Pirzad's "Two Days to Easter," published by Nashr-e Markaz.
Daily Science Report
* The relation between air pollution and strokes. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Song (Mahmud Khoshnam)
Shadi (Afshin Gorgin)
Remembering Dr. Golamhossein Saedi
* On the 17th anniversary of his death, RFE/RL remembers leftist playwright Dr. Gholamhossein Saedi. (Nazi Azima)
* Egyptian foreign minister Ahmad Maher meets Iraqi FM Naji Sabri, who is in Cairo for the meeting of the Arab League. Egyptian officials try to force Iraq to accept the conditions of the UN Security Council resolution.
* London-based journalist Alireza Nurizadeh tells RFE/RL that by voting for the UN Security Council resolution, Syria managed to get closer to the US. He says like Iran, Syria was concerned about the threat from the US. He adds that Iraq had hoped that Russia and France would veto the UNSC resolution. (Jamshid Zand)
* A summary of the Guardian and the Financial Times' articles on Syria's vote for the UNSC resolution on Iraq. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Quoting an unnamed official, Moscow's Vremia Novesti reported that Saudi Arabia had offered Russia no-interest credit in return for Moscow's veto of the UN SC resolution on Iraq. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* German defense minister meets Secretary Rumsfeld. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Former French president Giscard d'Estaing's remarks against Turkey's joining the European Union in an interview with Le Monde angers Turkish officials. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* RFE/RL reports live from Florence on the anti-war, anti-globalization demonstrations. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Florence)
* France closes Sangaat refugee camp. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Faced with rising unemployment, Saudi Arabia gives foreign goldsmiths till the end of year to stop working. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Chinese Communist Party's 16th Conference. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Hamas and Al-Fatah representatives meet in Cairo. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
صدور حكم اعدام هاشم آغآجري استاد دانشگاه و عضو شوراي مركزي سازمان مجاهدين انقلاب اسلامي، موجي از اعتراض در ميان حقوقدانان، نمايندگان و مجلس و روزنامه نگاران برانگيخت. آيت الله منتظري، با صدور بيانيه اي در واكنش به اين حكم اظهار تاسف كرد و آن را موجب خشن معرفي كردن اسلام دانست. روزنامه حيات نو نوشت: آغاز دستگيري ها و صدور حكم اعدام هاشم آغآجري نشانه بي دقتي و عدم آشنايي با فضاي بين المللي است كه نهايتا به تضعيف موقعيت بين المللي ايران مي انجامد. عبدالفتاح سلطاني، وكيل مدافع و حقوقدان در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: حكم صادره نه از نظر قانوني صحيح است نه شرعي. اظهار نظر آغاجري هيچ توهيني به مقدسات اسلام يا انبيا نبود و حكم عليه او به منظور مرعوب ساختن جناح اصلاح طلب صادر شد. محسن سازگارا، ناشر اصلاح طلب و تحليلگر سياسي درتهران، در مصاحبه با راديو آزادي مي گويد: حكم صادره از حكم كليسا براي گاليله آبرو برتر است. وي صدور اين حكم را از سه زاويه اختلاف دوجناح، توهين به روحانيت و حيات سياسي كشور بررسي مي كند و مي افزايد: نيروهاي اسلامگرا نمي توانند با هم كنار بيايند.