فريدون زرنگار، مصاحبه با همايون كاتوزيان، مرتضي هاشمي، پرويز مينا
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, March 19, 2002
- Oil nationalization anniversary
- US-Iranian relations: five comments
- Murder victims' lawyer gets 5 years in jail
- Iran Telecom cuts ISP's phone lines
- Year in review
- Now Ruz celebrations
- Satire and comedy in Iran
The Anniversary of Nationalization of Iranian Oil Industry
* On the 51st anniversary of the nationalization of Iranian oil industry, RFE/RL airs portions of Dr. Mohammad Mosaddeq's historic nationalization speech.
* Oxford University professor Homayoun Katouzian tells RFE/RL that the nationalization movement became a symbol for Iranian independence and moved democracy forward. Another outcome was the development of engineering and management skills in the oil industry.
* Tehran-based oil industry analyst Morteza Hashemi tells RFE/RL that oil nationalization was part of the struggle against internal and external "oppressors."
* London-based oil market analyst Parviz Mina tells RFE/RL that nationalization led to development of skills among Iranians to find, extract and market oil. (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
Leader Rejects Talks with the US
* In a speech to officials, including President Khatami, Ayatollah Khamenei said readiness for talks with the US would only show weakness in the face of US "threats." He admonished opponents of such talks to avoid "bad taste" in their political statements. President Khatami today echoed the Leader's position, even though yesterday a cabinet spokesman said the government sees no problem in direct talks between American and Iranian parliamentarians. (Siavash Ardalan)
US-Iranian Relations: Five Comments
* Five analysts inside and outside Iran comment about Ayatollah Khamenei's reaction to talks with the US.
* Tehran-based journalist Said Haqi tells RFE/RL that Iranian officials consider the US threat to be serious. A US attack on Iraq would put US troops on two sides of Iran, he says.
* US-based former Melli university professor Gholamreza Afkhami tells RFE/RL that Tehran's polices leave no other option for international forces, including the US, but to attack Iran. He adds that the Iran's position further isolates it in the world and further distances the regime from the Iranian people.
* Rutgers University professor and advocate of Iran-US ties, Houshang Amir-Ahmadi, tells RFE/RL that Iran should not consider relations with the US a danger, but should see it as a means to solidify its own base.
* Tehran University professor Dr. Davud Hermidas Bavand tells RFE/RL that negotiations do not necessarily mean accepting the other side's views.
* International relations professor in Denmark Mehdi Mozafari tells RFE/RL that Iran-US relations are now in the "threat" stage of international relations (surrender, equality or threat), adding that the US now controls four sides of Iran. Last October, he says, the situation was different and Tehran lost a rare opportunity of receiving a technically "equal" treatment from the US.
Murder Victims' Lawyer Gets 5 Years in Jail and 70 Lashes
* Nasser Zarafshan, a human rights lawyer who represented some of the relatives of the serial killing victims tells RFE/RL that he plans to appeal his sentence of five years in jail and seventy lashes for supposedly revealing government secrets. He says the government itself announced the murders were actions of "rogue security agents." Discussing actions of rogue employees, he adds, would not constitute revealing official secrets. Zarafshan says many other writers and political activists are now in jail on similar charges, which shows powers beyond the three jailed intelligence ministry agents feel threatened by public discussion of the murders. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Iran Telecom Cuts ISP Phone Lines
* Thousands of Iranians lost their connection to the Internet when, just a day before the start of the 14-day new year holidays, Iran Telecom cut phone lines of scores of ISP's. Tehran-based electronics and Internet commentator Mohammad-Amir Forughi tells RFE/RL that the ISP's will not be able to immediately question the legality of the action in courts because of the holidays. Cafes that were used for making cheap Internet phone calls overseas will now be closed, he adds. (Jamshid Zand)
Year in Review (Part Two)
Two analysts, Mohsen Sazegara in Iran and Ahmad Salamatian in Paris, review the political events of the year.
* Salamatian tells RFE/RL that by threatening to resign, Majles Speaker Karubi made the jailing of Majles MP Loqmanian too costly for the Judiciary.
* Sazegara says the lengthy trial of the 19 nationalist-religious coalition members could not prove the serious charge of subversion against any of them. He tells RFE/RL that flogging young people in Tehran streets resulted in further isolation of the regime. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Preparations for New Year Celebration
* Family members in Tehran, including a five-year old child, talk about preparations for the Iranian New Year celebrations in interviews with RFE/RL. (Shireen Famili)
Review of Comedy and Satire in Iran
* Two comedians and satirical writers rose to prominence, and wound up in jail, during the past year: Ebrahim Nabavi with stinging political satire, and Hamid-Reza Mahi-Sefat for stand up comedy that avoided political issues. (Ardavan Niknam)
Feast of Fire and its Coincidence with the Religious Mourning Month
* A 9-year-old boy tells RFE/RL that regardless of the religious month of mourning, tonight the fire celebration (charshanbeh suri) will go on as usual. (Ardavan Niknam)
An Essay about the Feast of Fire Celebrations
* The late scholar Mohammad Jafar Mahjub, in a piece recorded in the 1990's, talks about the roots and ceremonies of the Persian feast of fire held on the last Tuesday night of the year.
* VP Cheney stresses on the need for an independent Palestine. (Jamshid Chalangi)
* Church attack in Pakistan... indictment of an al Qaida member in the US... the US President on Iraq (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
ARTS AND IDEAS
* RFE/RL's book reviewer in Tehran, Kamran Fani reviews new books of poetry and research on the Iranian new year celebrations.
* Two prominent contemporary poets read their poems about spring and Now Ruz. (Nader Naderpour and Fereydoun Moshiri)
در پنجاه ويكمين سالروز ملي شدن صنعت نفت، صداي دكتر محمد مصدق از راديوآزادي پخش مي شود كه آن را به مردم ايران تبريك مي گويد. دكتر محمدعلي همايون كاتوزيان، استاد دانشگاه اكسفورد در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد ملي شدن صنعت نفت نمادي شد براي استقلال كامل كشور و همچنين نمادي شد براي كوشش براي پيشبرد دمكراسي در جامعه. وي مي افزايد پيامد ملي شدن صنعت نفت در دراز مدت سبب رشد مهندسي و مديريت صنعت نفت در ايران شد. مرتضي هاشمي كارشناس امور نفتي در ايران در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد ملي شدن صنعت نفت، بخشي بود از نهضت ملي مبارزه با سلطه گران داخلي و خارجي. دكتر پرويزمينا، كارشناس نفت در لندن، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي، ملي شدن صنعت نفت را زمينه توسعه صنعت نفت و افزايش تخصص هاي اكتشاف، استخراج و بازاريابي نفت در ايران مي داند و تاثير آن را بر زندگي شخصي خود تشريح مي كند كه باعث شد تحصيلات خود را رها كند و به آبادان برود.