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چهارشنبه ۲ خرداد ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۱۲:۱۱

بررسي روابط روسيه و جمهوري اسلامي از ديد يك كارشناس امور روسيه و آسياي ميانه

جمشيد زند، مصاحبه با هومن پيماني

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceFriday, May 24, 2002 Russia-Iran Relations: An Analysis * US is concerned about Russia's involvement in Iran's nuclear programs, but Russia cannot sacrifice its relations with Iran only to get a little closer to the US, according to Washington-based expert on Russian and Central Asia affairs Houman Peymani. He tells RFE/RL that Russia is interested in Iran's sphere of influence in Central Asia and shares Iran's interest in keeping the US away from the region; Iran is one of Russia's largest trading partners; and as an enemy, Iran could take part in a hostile blockade of Russia. Peymani says Iran-Russia nuclear cooperation is limited to the Bushehr power plant, and the UN has, during the past 33 years, certified that Iran's nuclear programs only have peaceful purposes. Russia Denies Arming Iran with Nuclear Weapons * In his joint press conference with Russian President Putin today in Moscow, President Bush said a non-transparent government run by some radical clerics should not be permitted to have nuclear arms. Russian President Putin said Russia is not arming Iran with nuclear weapons. (Ardavan Niknam) US-Russia Talks on Iran: Two Views * The outcome of Bush-Putin talks about Iran's nuclear program could be expected, and the US and Russia may not be able to reconcile their positions on Iran, according to Columbia University's Gary Sick. He tells RFE/RL that Russians say they consider Iran's access to nuclear arms a potential threat to their own security. Washington-based expert of Caspian region Bahman Aqai Diba says Russia and other Caspian littoral states could potentially become targets of Iran's nuclear arsenal. He tells RFE/RL that the US and Russia pursue similar goals in the Caspian region and the US supports Russia-Kazakhstan treaty on the bilateral division of the northern Caspian. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Economist: US-Russian Ties Isolate Iran * Better relations between the US and Russia could result in further isolation of the Islamic Republic, according to London's Economist. (Fariba Mavedat) Telecom Experts and MPs Attack Iran's Satellite Deal with Russia * In a meeting with the minister of communications, MPs and telecom experts attacked his plan to buy a $300 million satellite from Russia. Mostafa Mohammadi, secretary of the society of ISP owners, says the Russian party of the satellite contract is an intermediary and does not have the required know-how and may not be able to meet Iran's specs. He tells RFE/RL that it is not clear why Iran buys communication satellite from Russia when western manufacturers offer more advanced technology at the same or better price. (Jamshid Zand) Islam and Violence: Discussion Two scholars comment about Islam and violence in the first program of a series of interviews on the subject on RFE/RL. * Ahmad Musavi, professor of Sharia and Islamic law at the International Islamic Institute Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, says today's Muslims are more violent and intolerant than the Muslims at the time of the Prophet. * Rasool Nafisy, sociologist and Washington-based commentator says Islamic fundamentalism spread in 20th Century along with other modern ideologies, such as communism and fascism. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Telephone Monopoly Keeps Prices High * Iran's communications minister admitted in a gathering of telecom managers in Tehran today that Iranians pay some of the highest prices in the world for domestic and long-distance phone calls. Zohreh Bahrami, business development director for one of the largest British phone companies, tells RFE/RL that western countries managed to lower costs by ending government telephone monopolies and opening their markets to competition. (Shahran Tabari, London) University Scholars and MPs Warn against Smuggling of Antiques * A collection of artifacts found in Tabriz's Masjid Kabud excavation site went on display in the Tabriz museum. The exhibit, a part of the national museum week, contains only a little of the large number of artifacts unearthed during several excavations in two decades at the site, according to Tabriz-based journalist Esaf-Ali Hedayat. The majority of the pre-Islamic antiques from the site was apparently smuggled out of Iran and showed up in the European antique markets. Hedayat tells RFE/RL that Tabriz University has signed a contract with University of Boston to conduct a genetic study on the bones found at the Masjid Kabud site. * Tabriz MP Jalil Sazegarnezhad said more than 20 billion rials (nearly $240 million) worth of antiques was smuggled out of Iran in the past year. Tehran University archaeology professor Hekmatollah Molasalehi said if the looting of Iran's antiques and ancient artifacts continue at the past decade's pace, soon there would be nothing left of Iran's ancient treasures. WORLD * The US signs arms reduction treaty with Russia. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * A review of the number of nuclear warheads in the world. (Baktash Khamsehpour) * British foreign minister to visit India and Pakistan. (Shahran Tabari, London) * In a speech at the German Bundestag US President said education and fight against poverty and corruption are integral parts of the international war against terrorism. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * PA's President Arafat calls for expulsion of Hamas from the Palestinian lands. Tayeb Abdurahim, a PA spokesman said Hamas leaders are under the influence of foreign governments. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * UN Security Council extended the mission of the multinational forces in Afghanistan. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * UN is receiving a large number of complaints about mistreatment of Afghan refugees in Pakistan, according to a spokesman of the UNHCR. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Four former French hostages sue their Lebanese hostage takers and those who supported them, including the Islamic Republic, in the France's judiciary. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Lebanon denies reports in US media about a three-way meeting between members of the Lebanese Hezbollah and the Palestinian Islamic militant group Hamas with al-Qaeda. Lebanon's intelligence minister said al-Qaeda does not run a base in Lebanon. Zahra Mostafavi, daughter of Ayatollah Khomeini, who heads the Tehran-based Iranian society to defend people of Palestine, in Beirut on an official visit, called Muslims to unite against Israel. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Turkey: Government criticizes the general amnesty bill passed by the parliament. (Jamshid Zand) * Turkey: According to a new decree issued by the government, women should be allowed to take part in public prayer and other social Islamic activities such as funerals. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * France calls for a European solution to the problem of the 1300 mostly Iranian refugees stranded at France's Sangatte refugee camp near Calais. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * A survey by the center for monitoring racism and xenophobia shows that after September 11 hostility to Muslims and Jews increased in the European countries. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) ARTS AND IDEAS Travel Writing by Foreign Visitors to Iran: William Franklin * William Franklin, the British officer who visited Iran in the 18th Century, witnessed the competition for power among the heirs of Karimkhan. (Nazi Azima, based on research by Javad Tabatabai, Paris) In Memory of the Leading Scholar Badiozaman Foruzanfar * Prominent scholars Ahmad Mahdavi Damghani, Jalal Matini and Mohammad Estelami discuss the life and work of their teacher and colleague Badiozaman Foruzanfar on the 33rd anniversary of his death. (Nazi Azima) Classic Love Stories: Khosrow va Shirin * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Khosrow va Shirin based on Nezami Ganjavi. Progressive Iranian Music: Mohammad Taqi Masudieh * RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam reviews the life and work of composer Mohammad Taqi Masudieh. Weekly medical advice show. (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)

دكتر هومن پيماني، كارشناس امور روسيه و آسياي ميانه، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: روسيه نمي تواند صرفا به خاطر نزديكي با آمريكا روابط خود با ايران را فدا كند. مسلما روسيه به اين تمايل دارد كه هم آمريكا را نگهدارد و هم با ايران روابط خود را ادامه دهد. پيماني مي افزايد: روسيه از نزديكي با ايران چند مقصود را دنبال مي كند: مناطق نفوذ ايران در آسياي مركزي و اقيانوس هند مورد نظر روسيه نيز هستند؛ ايران و روسيه در جلوگيري از نفوذ آمريكا و غرب در آسياي مركزي و قفقاز منافع مشترك دارند؛ ايران يكي از بزرگترين بازارهاي روسيه است؛ در صورت تبديل شدن ايران به يك دشمن، امكان محاصره نظامي روسيه براي كشورهاي بالقوه دشمن فراهم مي شود. دكتر پيماني مي افزايد: سازمان انرژي اتمي بارها طي 33 سال گذشته تائيد كرده است كه ايران غير از فعاليت هاي صلح آميز در زمينه انرژي اتمي فعاليت ديگري نداشته است.

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