لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

خبر فوری
سه شنبه ۳ مهر ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۰۸:۲۶

رهبر جمهوري اسلامي توليد موشك در ايران با برد كافي براي هدفگيري اسرائيل را «لحظه مهم در دفاع از آرمان فلسطينيان» وانمود کرد

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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSunday, July 20, 2003 <b>Supreme Leader Says Missiles Will Defend Palestinians and Lebanese</b> • The inauguration of the new medium-range Shahab-3 missile was “a great moment for the defense of Palestinians aspirations,” the Supreme Leader said on Sunday. Some in the west would exploit statements like these, even though they know it is made with the intention of being provocative, Tehran University international relations professor <b>Davoud Hermidas-Bavand</b> says. He tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the main parties, including the PLO and Syria, do not take orders from Iran, and if they decide to make peace with Israel, the Supreme Leader&apos;s remark would not stop them. He adds that peace in the Middle East would relieve Iran of a heavy burden. However, he says, at a time when Iran is under pressure and “the target of certain accusations and claims,” one should avoid making statements that would feed and intensify those claims and accusations. (Fariba Mavedat) • The reformists plan to use Zahra Kazemi&apos;s death in the custody of the Tehran judiciary as a means to rebuke, not just Tehran prosecutor Said Mortazavi, but the entire conservative faction. Deputy chair of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee Mohsen Armin in his speech at the Majles today accused Mortazavi and his supporters of killing Kazemi, and said Mortazavi had initially asked the culture ministry to issue a false statement about the death, blaming it on a brain seizure. Armin said Mortazvi is not a fair judge and thus his verdicts are legally worthless. He called for Mortazavi&apos;s removal. Also, Hamedan MP Moshen Loghmanian warned that the period of serial murders of dissidents maybe coming back. (Golnaz Esfandiari) <b>Official Investigation Blames the Judiciary for Canadian-Iranian Photojournalist&apos;s Death in Custody</b> • The presidential panel charges with probing the death in police custody of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zhahra Kazemi said she died of blows to her head during interrogation at the Tehran judiciary on June 23, the day of her arrest. An addendum to the report said Ms. Kazemi had refused food and was examined by a doctor for dizziness before being taken to a two-hour interrogation session at the Tehran judiciary, where she collapsed after being beaten. She entered a full coma in an Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC)&apos;s hospital, where she had been taken with head wounds. The report said she was taking pictures of the relatives of the Evin prisoner inmates in an area marked “No Photographs.” Her equipment and culture ministry “journalist” ID card was confiscated, but she was offered to return tomorrow in order to collect them. She refused the offer and asked to stay with her equipment, and she unwrapped the roll of film inside her camera. The panel of four cabinet ministers had been appointed by President Khatami. (Ali Sajjadi) <b>EU to Warn Iran on Nuclear Program and Human Rights Violations</b> • The foreign ministers of the European Union are expected to pass a resolution in their meeting in Brussels to warn Iran that non-cooperation with the IAEA and violations of human rights would jeopardize the sensitive trade negotiations. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) • If governments such as the Islamic Republic gain access to nuclear arms, they would pose a great danger to the world, British Prime Minister Tony Blair said today during his visit to South Korea, reacting to the news that IAEA inspectors have found traces of enriched uranium in a nuclear site south of Tehran. (Leili Sadr) <b>Majles Send Election Reform Back to Guardians</b> • The Majles ratified and sent back to the Guardians Council a revised version of the government&apos;s election law reform bill which seeks to end the Guardians&apos; power to reject candidacy applicants. The Guardians rejected an earlier version of the bill, along with another Khatami bill that would have given the president the power to suspend the verdicts of judges. Vice President for legal and legislative affairs Mohammad-Ali Abtahi said last week that he was optimistic about the passage of the bills by the conservative Guardians Council. (Ebrahim Biparva) <b>Democracy & Human Rights Roundtable: Obstacles to Freedom of Speech in Iran</b> • Last week, a special investigator of the UN Human Rights Commission cancelled his planned visit to Tehran to investigate violations of the freedom of speech and the maltreatment of journalists and writers, as Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi, 54, died from head injury from beating during interrogation by the judiciary&apos;s security agents. Opponents of the free flow of information blocked US-based Persian satellite transmission and filtered US and private broadcasts beamed to Iran from the US. In today&apos;s roundtable discussion on <b>Radio Farda</b>, Paris-based human rights advocate and lawyer <b>Abdolkarim Lahiji</b>, Tehran-based law scholar <b>Ahmad Amoli</b>, and Qom-based commentator <b>Dr. Akbar Karami</b> discuss the freedom of speech. (Mina Baharmast) <b>Foundation Helping War Victims Families Faces 700-Billion-Rial Deficit</b> • Head of Shahid (Martyrs) Foundation Hojatoleslam Rahimian said his organization, which his charged with providing financial and other assistance to the families of the soldiers who died in the Iran-Iraq war, faced a 700 billion deficit in the current fiscal year, even though the foundation controls vast array of businesses, real estate and factories. Shahid and other religious-economic cartels lose a portion of their income to fraud and embezzlement, but they are also accused of bankrolling the conservatives in the name of helping the poor and needy. Rahimian has appealed to the government for help, which despite higher oil revenues, will face a large deficit in fiscal year ending on March 22, 2004. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) <b>Iranians&apos; Illegal Pilgrimage to Shiite Shrines in Iraq</b> • Reports from towns on Iraqi border Ilam, Kermanshah and Marivan, indicate that smugglers take Iranians for “illegal” pilgrimage to Shiite shrines in Najaf and Karbala, charging 500 million rials from each person. Iranian border police have arrested some of these pilgrims on their return from Iraq, but released them after holding them for one week in quarantine and charging them a 200 thousand rials fine. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Government Faces Remarkable Deficit Despite Higher Oil Revenue</b> • Finance and economic affairs minister Tahmasb Mazaheri and management and planning organization head Mohamamad Satari-far assigned a committee to determine the exact size of the budget deficit the government would face in the current year. Expert predict that despite greater oil revenues, the deficit would rise to 6 trillion rials by the year&apos;s end, some $4 trillion greater than predictions. (Fereydound Khavand) <b>Judiciary Summons Book Censor to Explain Publication of Two Books</b> • Tehran judiciary summoned director of book censorship office of culture ministry to explain the publication of two books: <i>Prison Memories</i> by Farhad Behbahani and Hamidollah Davaran. Tehran journalist <b>Shahram Rafizadeh</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the judiciary&apos;s banning books after their publication is a recent phenomenon, which began last year with the book on women musicians. He adds that in the culture ministry some favor relaxing book censorship, but outside the ministry, the dominant attitude is to tighten controls. (Nima Tamadon) <b>Kissinger Calls for Change of Iran&apos;s Policies on Nukes</b> • Former US Secretary of State said in an interview published in Germany that Iran&apos;s regime has to change its policies on development of nuclear weapons. He said among Middle East government, Iran&apos;s has the most per-capital opponent, and some would compare the situation in Iran to that of Eastern European communist regimes in the 1980s. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) . فريبا مودت (راديو فردا): امروز ايران رسما موشک شهاب 3 خود را که برد موثر آن به اسرائيل مي رسد، مستقر کرد. آيت الله خامنه اي در مراسمي که به اين مناسبت برگزار شد، اهميت برخورداري از اين موشک را عمدتا در قابليت آن در دفاع از آرمان فلسطينيان و مردم لبنان عنوان کرد. با توجه به تحولاتي که در موضع سوريه در قبال تحولات منطقه به چشم مي خورد، و اين که به نظر مي رسد روند برقراري طرح صلح موسوم به نقشه راه با ديدارهاي مکرر نخست وزيران اسرائيل و فلسطينيان به جريان افتاده، اين سؤال را با دکتر داوود هرميداس باوند، استاد علوم سياسي و روابط بين الملل در دانشگاه تهران مطرح کردم که اهميت ايجاد موشک مذکور و به ويژه اظهارات آقاي خامنه اي در ارتباط با فلسطينيان و مردم لبنان چيست؟ دکتر داوود هرميداس باوند (استاد علوم سياسي و روابط بين الملل در دانشگاه تهران): مسئله موشکهاي ميان برد با توجه به سوابق و رويدادهايي که ايران در دوران جنگ 8 ساله پشت سر گذاشته و در معرض حملات موشکهاي ميان برده بوده، حاکي از اين است که اين اقدام براي دفاع متعارف با سلاحهاي متعارف است. بنا بر اين موشکهاي ياد شده ابزار و وسيله اي دفاعي هستند و من فکر نمي کنم که صرف دستيابي به موشکهاي ميان برد بتواند بالنفسه تهديدي جدي باشد و قبلا هم موشک شهاب 3 آزمايش شده بود. ف.م: فکر مي کنيد چرا آيت الله خامنه اي در اين مرحله، به خصوص زماني که خاور ميانه از حساسيت بسياري برخوردار است اين اظهارات را بيان کرد؟ دکتر داوود هرميداس باوند: اين اظهار نظرها نقش بازدارنده در جريان صلح ندارد. يعني اگر طرفهاي اصلي، سازمان آزادي بخش فلسطين، و سوريه به دليل مصالح و منافع خودشان و شرايط منطقه اي و بين المللي خواهان صلح و ادامه مذاکرات باشند، کشوري مثل ايران نقش بازدارنده ندارد، يعني آنها از جمهوري اسلامي ايران کسب اجازه و دستور نمي کنند. بنابراين وقتي اظهار نظرها نقش باز دارنده نداشته باشد، تاثير آن چناني نخواهند داشت. ولي همانطور که اشاره کردم، اگر مصالح سوريه اقتضا کند و راه صلح را در پيش بگيرد نه از ايران کسب اجازه مي کند، نه صلاحديدي خواهد کرد، و نه ايران توانايي بازدارندگي اين کار را دارد. همين طور قبلا هم آقاي خاتمي به سازمان آزادي بخش فلسطين گفته بود اگر خود طرفهاي قضيه خواهان هستند، ايران مانعي نمي بيند که راه خودشان را دادمه دهند. ف.م: اين بر حيطه نفوذ ايران بر منطقه، آن چنان که محافل بين المللي معتقدند جه تاثيري خواهد داشت؟ دکتر داوود هرميداس باوند: در صورتي که برنامه صلح انجام گيرد بار سنگيني از دوش ايران برداشته مي شود و پيامدها و تبعات آن که در زمينه هاي ديگر پديدار شده بي رنگ خواهد شد و من فکر مي کنم اين قطعنامه هم به نفع طرفهاي مذاکره کننده است و هم کمابيش به نفع ساير کشورهاي منطقه، يعني از بحراني که از سال 1948 تاکنون استمرار داشته، رهايي خواهند يافت. ف.م: تصور مي کنيد که اظهارات آقاي خامنه اي از طرف محافل جهاني با چه واکنشي روبرو خواهد شد؟ دکتر داوود هرميتاس باوند: آن ها سعي مي کنند با علم به اين که اين نوع اظهار نظرها جنبه حساسيت زايي دارد، حداکثر بهره برداري را بکنند. به هر حال همانطور که عرض کردم، در شرايط موجود منطقه و در وضعيتي که ايران در معرض فشارها، اتهامات، و ادعاهاي خاصي قرار گرفته است در هر حال بايد از هر اظهار نظري که آب به آسياب طرف مقابل بريزد و شرايط را به نفع اين نوع ادعاها و اتهامات تشديد کند، خودداري کرد. امروز ايران رسما موشک شهاب 3 خود را که برد موثر آن به اسرائيل مي رسد، مستقر کرد. رهبر جمهوري اسلامي در مراسمي که به اين مناسبت برگزار شد، اهميت برخورداري از اين موشک را عمدتا در قابليت آن در دفاع از آرمان فلسطينيان و مردم لبنان عنوان کرد. دکتر داوود هرميداس باوند، استاد علوم سياسي و روابط بين الملل در دانشگاه تهران در مصاحبه با راديو فردا مي گويد که که اظهارات رهبر جمهوري اسلامي نقش بازدارنده در جريان صلح ندارد، چرا که طرفهاي اصلي يعني سازمان آزادي بخش فلسطين، و سوريه از جمهوري اسلامي ايران کسب اجازه و دستور نمي کنند. وي مي گويد که محافل جهاني سعي مي کنند با علم به اين که اين نوع اظهار نظرها جنبه حساسيت زايي دارد، حداکثر بهره برداري را بکنند.