لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

شنبه ۲۷ آبان ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۰۵:۱۷

سخنراني رئيس جمهوري آمريکا در مراسم روز سرباز: ادامه رسالت آمريكا در جهان

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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiTuesday, November 11, 2003 <b>Powell Slams Hardliners: “They should be worried.”</b> • Islam is compatible with freedom, US Secretary of State Collin Powell said on Monday, echoing the position held by Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi. “The Iranian people want their freedom back,” he added, in a sharply worded, unscripted speech at his alma mater City College of New York. “They do not want to banish Islam from their lives -- far from it. They want to be free of those who have dragged the sacred garments of Islam into the political gutter,” he said. Citing the slogans carried on banners by tens of thousands of people who gathered last month at the Tehran international airport to greet Ms. Ebadi, Secretary Powell said the Islamic Republic authorities should understand the meaning of that greeting. “The hidebound clerics of Iran know what it means, too. Should they be worried? Does morning follow night? They should be,” he warned, adding that the ruling clerics have brought disgrace to Islam. (Baktash Khamsehpour) • State radio branded Powell&apos;s call for democracy “extremely offensive, and accused him of interfering in the country&apos;s internal affairs. (Siavash Ardalan) • Powell and other U.S. officials know little about how Islam relates to democracy and the issues of the Middle East, foreign ministry spokesman Hamid- Reza Asefi said on Tuesday. “They become more disgraced when they embark on interpreting the state of affairs,” he added. (Baktash Khamsehpour) • By calling for democracy in Iran, Powell is in effect saying that the State Department is standing behind President Bush, who had a similar message for Iran in his speech at the National Endowment of Democracy, US policy expert at London&apos;s <i>Jane&apos;s Sentinel</i> <b>John Sheild</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Shahran Tabari, London) <b>IAEA Says Iran Violated NPT, but Finds No Evidence of Nuclear Weapons Program</b> • In a confidential report to its board of governors ahead of the November 20 deadline, IAEA said Iran ran a secret nuclear program for over 20 years, in violation of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty&apos;s safeguards, including enriching plutonium and uranium, but added that its inspectors have not found any evidence of bomb making activity. The report divided the 35-member board between those in favor of passing a non-compliance resolution against Iran, and those advocating a lighter punishment that would encourage Iran&apos;s future cooperation. (Ardavan Niknam) • With this report, the IAEA is trying to buy time, since it has not totally finished its analysis of Iran&apos;s nuclear program, <b>Shahram Chubin</b>, director of research at Geneva Center for Security Policy, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. ElBardei is a seasoned diplomat, and his report has something for everyone. The US can use it to condemn Iran for non-compliance, and Iran can claim vindication, since it says no bomb making evidence was found, international relations professor at Geneva&apos;s Graduate Institute for International Studies <b>Mohammad Reza Jalili</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Fariba Mavedat) • The meetings in Moscow on Monday between secretary of the supreme national security council Hassan Rowhani and Russian officials neutralized Israel&apos;s Prime Minister Ariel Sharon&apos;s earlier efforts to persuade Russia to stop its atomic cooperation with Iran, Moscow daily <i>Vremia Novesti</i> wrote. The two sides discussed an air defense system for the Bushehr nuclear power plant, radio Echo Moscow reported. The issue of returning spent nuclear fuel to Russia has not yet been completely resolved, <i>Nezavizimaya Gazeta</i> wrote. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) • Iran responded positively to international concerns about its nuclear programs, and it is doing everything that it promised to the three European foreign ministers who visited Tehran last month, German daily <i> Süddeutsche Zeitung</i>. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) • Iran yielded a sliver more solid ground yesterday in the dance with Western governments over its nuclear program. But plenty of room for ambiguity remains, the London daily <i>Times</i> writes. The US, which takes a hard-line approach to Iran and insists the clerical regime has a clandestine nuclear weapons program, is likely to seize on the breaches described in the report as proof that Tehran cannot be trusted,” the <i>Financial Times</i> writes. (Shahran Tabari, London) <b>Foreign Fighters Cross into Iraq from Iran, Syria</b> • About 200 foreign fighters were active in Iraq, in many cases cooperating with local insurgents, commander of coalition forces in Iraq lieutenant-general Ricardo Sanchez said today in Baghdad. Foreign fighters were using two routes across the Syrian border and one from Iran to enter Iraq, he added. (Peyman Pezhman, Baghdad) • The number of Ukrainian soldiers guarding the 140-kilometer Iran-Iraq border will increase next year, Ukraine announced. ()Ali Sajjadi) <b>UN Human Rights Envoy Calls for Release of Political Prisoners</b> • In a press conference on the last day of his week-long visit to Tehran, UN special rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression Ambeyi Ligabo called for the release of all political prisoners. He said he has visited with everyone he had asked to see, except for members of the Guardians Council and the state Radio-TV monopoly. Iran&apos;s various organs have different interpretation of the laws, he added. He said he will release his full report in March 2004. (Leyli Sadr) • Jailed student Ahmad Batebi, who was free on furlough, disappeared after meeting with Ligabo, <b>Batebi&apos;s father</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The presence of secret police agents was visible during Batebi&apos;s meeting Ligabo, Batebi&apos;s father adds. Batebi was due to return to jail yesterday, but his family has had no news of him during the past three days since Ligabo&apos;s meeting. “We may have freedom of speech, but we don&apos;t have freedom after speech,” <b>Ahmad Batebi</b> told <b>Radio Farda</b> after his meeting with Ligabo. Our presence in this meeting, puts our lives in danger, Batebi added. (Siavash Ardalan) • Tehran prosecutor promised Ligabo that from now on the doors of prisons would be open to all foreign and dometic journalists, Tehran-based lawyer and human rights activists <b>Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. I hope that he implements this promise, he adds. It appears that the authorities have begun to pay more attention to human rights, he says, which we hope will continue. Ms. Ebadi told Ligabo that freedom of expression, as provisioned in the constitution, is not being respected in Iran. She also told him that many trials of journalists were held without the presence of a jury. Since Ligabo was sent to Iran by the UN Human Rights commission, his report will be an internationally respected document on compliance of Iranian government with the international human rights charter on freedom of expression, he says. (Nima Tamadon) <b>Higher Prices Increased Economy&apos;s Reliance on Oil Income, Says Deputy Finance Minister</b> • Higher oil prices, which increased Iran&apos;s oil income in the past two years, were the source of the nation&apos;s many economic ills, deputy finance and economic affairs minister Said Shikuvand said yesterday in a speech at a seminar in Qum. He likened oil money to dirty blood full of all kinds of diseases. Oil has been a historical opportunity for Iran, <b>Radio Farda</b>&apos;s Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says in his report. Instead of attacking oil, it would have been fairer if he had criticized those who waste such a historical opportunity. <b>“Neo-Cons” Seek US Relations: Third Way</b> • A new conservative grouping has emerged under deputy judiciary chief for international affairs Mohammad-Javad Larijani, 53, who believe that détente is better than confronting world&apos;s only superpower. Instead of rejecting the US as “The Great Satan,” Iran&apos;s new conservatives embrace the US as a potential trading partner. The pragmatic conservatives do not want Iran to be branded in the axis of evil. Larijani proposes cooperation with the US in the fight against terrorism as a first step. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne, based on an article in the <i>Der Spiegel</i>) <b>Human Rights Organizations Blast Iran&apos;s Refusal to Admit Canadians for Kazemi&apos;s Trial</b> • Ten human rights groups in North America and Europe criticized the Iranian government&apos;s refusal to issue visas for independent Canadian observers who have applied to attend the trial of the Iranian intelligence ministry official charged with murder of Canadian-Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi, who died in custody from blows to her head during interrogation. Canadian government agreed to give one of its observer seats at the trial to a representative from these 10 organization, coordinator of the human rights organizations on Kazemi&apos;s case, Toronto-based activist <b>Hossein Mahootiha</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. But the Iranian government has so far refused to issue a visa. (Maryam Aghvami, Toronto) . جرج بوش، رئيس جمهوري آمريکا، در سخنراني به مناسبت روز سرباز، سالگرد پايان جنگ اول، گفت: رسالت آمريکا در جهان ادامه دارد. امروز بيش از يک ميليون و 250 هزار آمريکايي در گوشه و کنار جهان مشغول به خدمت هستند. رئيس جمهوري آمريکا گفت: در دو سال و دو ماهي که از حمله به آمريکا گذشت، زنان و مردان نيروهاي مسلح، در جبهه هاي مختلف با دشمن تروريست درگير بودند، براي حفاظت از امنيت مردم آمريکا با خطرات عمده اي روبرو شدند، دو کشور افغانستان و عراق را آزاد کردند و بيش از 50 ميليون نفر را از دست ديکتاتورها خلاص کردند. کساني که در اين راه مي جنگند، دستاورد مهمي براي تاريخ آمريکا دارند و ما مديون آنها هستيم.