همايون مجد (واشنگتن)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceWednesday, September 11, 2002
September 11 Special
* On the anniversary of the September 11 terrorist attacks, President Bush inaugurated the rebuilt wing of the Pentagon, laid a wreath at a memorial site in Shanksville, PA, and met with victims' relatives in New York City. Ceremonies to commemorate the attacks began at 1 AM in New York with bagpipe procession through the city, and continued with reading of the victims' names at Ground Zero. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Recalling the 9/11 events, RFE/RL's New York reporter Behnam Nateghi says he surprised himself during his live report an hour after the attacks by spontaneously calling them a turning point that would forever change the course of world history. He adds that New Yorkers cleaned up the Ground Zero site six months ahead of the schedule and $6 billion below budget, and showed that for the proud, shining civilization that builds high rises and jet airplanes by the thousands, the twin towers were just a drop in the ocean. However the civilization that slammed jets against high rises in order to erase jet makers and high rise builders from the face of the earth showed that its blind and powerless hatred has nothing to offer to the world.
* RFE/RL interviews political activists and commentators in Tehran. Nationalist-religious activists Taqi Rahmani says the attacks showed that the conflict of civilizations concept is stronger than the dialogue among civilizations, proposed by President Khatami. He adds that an outcome of the attacks for Iran was the elimination of the Taliban government, a strong rival on its eastern border. Also, the attacks made Iranians more sensitive to the serious dangers of the Islamic fundamentalists in charge. Reformist journalist Ahmad Zeydabadi says in 9/11 attacks, the forces pushed to margins by modernity tried to express themselves, and the US became acutely aware of the threat of Islamic extremists who would not hesitate to resort to violence. Former Tehran University head and nationalist political activist Mohammad Maleki says "We condemn these heart-wrenching attacks, but we also condemn the US exploitation of 9/11 attacks." (Fereydoun Zarnegar)
* While the Tehran reformist press ran news articles and analysis on 9/11 attacks, the conservative daily Jomhuri-ye Eslami, linked to the office of the Supreme Leader, wrote that the US government was behind the 9/11 attacks; and the daily Keyhan, which is run by a Supreme Leader appointee, said the 9/11 attacks gave the US an excuse to attack Islamic countries. (Nazi Azima)
* RFE/RL interviews Iranian-born journalists and professors in Washington area. Editor of the DC-based monthly "Elm-va-Jame'eh" (Science and Society) says the countries that propped up the Islamic fundamentalists against the Soviets in Afghanistan did not anticipate that the consequences of their action would give rise to blind, ruthless hatred. Citing as an example the former Afghan Mujahedin leader and present fundamentalist anti-government terrorist leader Golbeddin Hekmatyar, who received the largest portion of the US anti-Soviet aid, he adds that those countries should have learned a lesson from the 9/11 attacks. Washington-based journalist Mr. Godarzi says 9/11 attacks targeted two symbols of the US power and wealth. Georgetown University sociology professor Mehrdad Mashayekhi says thinkers in Europe and the Third World seems to have a better grasp of the 9/11 events than their US counterparts. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* The economic consequences of 9/11 for Iran were smaller than predicted, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. Iran lost tourism income, and saw a rise in insurance fees for transportation of oil and goods over the Persian Gulf. However, Iran's economy will face the impact of the future developments in Afghanistan and Iraq.
* Review of the English-language newspaper articles on 9/11. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
* Review of Arab-language newspaper articles on 9/11. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* 9/11/01-9/11/02 timeline (Alireza Taheri)
* Afghans comment on 9/11. (RFE/RL Afghan Service)
* London ceremonies. (Shahran Tabari, London)
* Paris ceremonies. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Italy and Spain 9/11 ceremonies. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* EU statement on 9/11. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* 2000 scholars discuss 9/11 in Miens Middle East Studies Conference. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Frankfurt-based leftist activist Mehdi Khanbaba-Tehrani, Washington-based journalist Ali Sajjadi and Paris-based nationalist commentator Ahmad Salamatian discuss 9/11 attacks in tonight's RFE/RL Roundtable. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
EU Urges Iran to Acknowledge Israel
* As preconditions of future trade cooperation, EU called on Iran to acknowledge the existence of Israel, stop support for Palestinian extremist organizations, halt development of weapons of mass destruction and respect human rights, in a statement issued after yesterday's visit to Tehran by an EU delegation headed by Danish deputy foreign minister Friis Arne Peterson. (Alireza Taheri)
Mahabad Residents Clash with Revolutionary Guards
* Khosrow Abdollahi, Paris-based spokesman of the Iranian Kurdistan Democratic Party, tells RFE/RL that residents of Mahabad clashed with the Islamic Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) Tuesday morning after the Guards refused to hand over the bodies of the three killed on Monday by the Guards to their relatives. Government press claimed that the three smuggled alcoholic beverages over the border. (Jamshid Zand)
Tehran Municipal Workers Clash with IRGC over Illegal Development
A Tehran municipal worker was badly injured yesterday during clashes with Revolutionary Guards in the Lavizan man-made forest north of Tehran where IRGC is building housing projects without city permit. The clashes demonstrated the municipal government's inability to stop illegal development in protected man-made forests by the armed forces. The district mayor told reporters that municipal workers went to the development site with a court order to stop illegal construction, but encountered armed resistance by IRGC personnel. He said the armed forces have already built 21 illegal housing projects erasing 20 percent of the forests.
* Tehran-based journalist Arash Aryanfar tells RFE/RL that illegal construction by the armed forces has been going on in the area for the past few years and the city does not have the means to stop it since the armed forces enjoy the support of "high officials." He adds that after yesterday's bloody clashes, the Guards set fire to a large part of the forest. (Jamshid Zand)
Ministry of Education to Commission Textbooks to Experts
* Education ministry announced that state-owned and private research firms will soon receive commissions to develop and write textbooks. (Said Peyvandi, Paris)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* The New York Times website features a multi-part multi-media biography of the World Trade Center buildings, as well as graphic and animation displays of architectural proposals for the future of the site, complete with audio descriptions of each proposals by the architects. (Behnam Nateghi)\
Daily Book Review
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews two Persian books on the fugitive Islamic terrorist leader Osama bin Laden published in Tehran.
Daily Science Report
* Investigations are still going on in New York to verify the identities of many victims of September 11 attacks. To date, the remains of 1401 WTC victims have been positively identified using DNA techniques, but many may never be identified because they were totally incinerated. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Daily medical advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Song: Farhad's Zaman (Time)
* RFE/RL's music critic plays Zaman (Time) by 1970's pop singer Farhad who died last week at 59 in Paris.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorgin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
RFE/RL Special Report: Farhad
* RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam discusses the life and art of pop singer Farhad in an interview with songwriter Iraj Janati Attai.
* Germany arrests eight Arab illegal immigrants in a Hamburg mosque. The charges against them will be announced later in a press conference. Also, a Syrian-born German was arrested on charges of aiding Islamic fundamentalists. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* After a meeting in Aman with Jordan's King Abdullah, Iraqi Vice President Taha Yasin Ramadan called on Arab countries to attack US installations in reaction to the possible US military action against Iraq. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Yasir Arafat's cabinet resigns. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
آئين هاي يادبود قربانيان فاجعه تروريستي 11 سپتامبر در شهرهاي مختلف آمريكا از نخستين ساعات بامداد امروز شروع شد. مهم ترين آئين ها، در نيويورك، در محل دو برج نابود شده مركز تجارت جهاني و در ويرجينيا، در ساختمان وزارت دفاع آمريكا (پنتاگون) و همچنين در پنسيلوانيا، محل سقوط هواپيماي ربوده شده برگزار مي شود. رئيس جمهوري آمريكا مراسم امروز را با حضور در محل وزارت دفاع شروع كرد و قسمت بازسازي شده ساختمان پنتاگون را كه زود تر از موعد مقرر آماده شده بود، افتتاح كرد. در نيويورك اين مراسم با خواندن اسامي كشته شدگان همراه بود