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دوشنبه ۱۵ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۰۴:۳۹ - ۵ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

مداخله جمهوري اسلامي در بحران عراق، از ديد دو كارشناس آمريكايي


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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSaturday, April 10, 2004 • The US intelligence officials believe that Iran&apos;s hard-line and fiercely independent security services are providing support -- either directly or through proxies -- to outlawed Iraqi militia forces loyal to Shiite Muslim cleric Moqtada al-Sadr that have been clashing with the US-led coalition during the past week, current and former US government officials and analysts said yesterday, according to the <i>Boston Globe</i>. “We know on the ground that there are many hundreds and probably thousands of Iranian intelligence agents spreading money to their favored forces,” said Larry Diamond, who returned from Iraq on Saturday, where he served as a senior adviser to the Coalition Provisional Authority. “There are multiple signs all over. Iran has been funding and arming several radical Islamic militias, not just Sadr&apos;s, with different elements of the Iranian power structure aiding different groups,” he told the Globe&apos;s Bryan Bender. “The US government does not control a great many things that are done by the Iranian state machinery,” said Edward Luttwak, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington and a Pentagon adviser. “One of these parts is the Revolutionary Guard Corp,” he told the <i>Globe</i>. • Iran is concerned about the rising violence in Iraq, even though the Islamic Republic officials may have initially rejoiced at seeing the US forces mired in the Iraqi “swamp,” writes Paris daily <b>Le Figaro</b>. • Quoting security officials, Italian newspapers <i>Couriere della Serra</i> and <i>Il Reformista</i> printed articles linking the Islamic Republic to the Moqtada Sadr&apos;s al-Mahdi Army. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) • Due to the hostilities that exist between the US and the Islamic Republic, any problem in the region is being blamed on Tehran, political science professor of universities in Tehran and London <b>Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The Islamic Republic supports the plan to transfer power to an Iraqi government by June 30, and anyone linking the Islamic Republic to the Shiite unrest in Iraq should offer convincing proofs, he adds. (Mehdi Khalaji) • Several Arab governments believe that Tehran played a role in Moqtada Sadr&apos;s move to take over state buildings in several Shiite Iraqi cities, Egyptian analyst Vahid Abdolmajid told the AFP. The regime&apos;s hardliners try to entrap the US forces in the Iraqi swamp in order to divert the US attention away from Iran, he added. To consider recent unrest in Iraq simply as resistance to opposition would be simplistic, the situation is far more complicated, he added. <b>Iran Asks Guyana for Info On Abducted Cleric</b> • The Islamic Republic asked Guyana officials for information on the armed abduction last week of Iranian cleric Mohammad-Hassan Ebrahimi, head of Shiite studies at the Guyana capital Georgetown&apos;s Islamic College of Advanced Studies. “I have asked the Ministry of Home Affairs for a full report on the matter,” foreign minister Rudy Insanally told the AP. After firing several shots and disabling a car waiting to take the cleric home, the gunmen grabbed Ebrahemi on the night of April 2 outside Georgetown&apos;s International Islamic College of Advanced Studies. <b>Housing Developers Erase Caspian Forests </b> • Despite several laws passed to preserve Caspian forests, developers have turned many wooded hills into housing projects and villas. Meanwhile, many rice farmers have stopped planting their fields and are offering them for sale to developers. The developers received parcels of wooded land in arrangements with the government, area resident <b>Darioush Nouri</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The deforestation has been the cause of many recent floods in the area, which further eroded the rice patties, he adds. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Rise In Criminals&apos; Use of Police Uniforms</b> • In a statement issued today, the Islamic Republic police warned the public against the thieves and other criminals who enter people&apos;s homes pretending to be plainclothes or uniformed police officers. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Foreign Minister Asks European Officials for Support in IAEA Meeting</b> • In phone calls to foreign ministers of Britain, France and Germany, foreign minister Kamal Kharrazi asked them to support Iran&apos;s position in the June meeting of the board of governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). (Keyvan Hosseini) <b>Judiciary Arrests Students and Political Activists</b> • After the New Year holidays, the wave of summons, arrests and convictions of student and political activists continued. The Hamedan Islamic revolutionary court sentenced Hamedan University&apos;s physics student Mohammad Majdzadeh-Qaemi to three years in jail for his role in last June&apos;s pro-democracy demonstrations. The Urumieh revolutionary court summoned Hadi Soudbar, member of the central council of Urumieh university&apos;s Islamic student council. Next week, the Tabriz Islamic revolutionary court will try independent journalist Ensafali Hedayat, who was arrested three months ago, a day after he returned from Berlin where he attended the first convention of the coalition of the secular republicans E&apos;ttehad-e Jumhurikhahan-e Iran. Student activist Peyman Piran was sentenced to ten years in jail for his work on the student journal <i>Tajadod</i>. He is being held in a cellblock for common criminals at the Qasr prison in Tehran. Independent political activist Arzhang Davoodi, who had been beaten badly during his 100 days in solitary confinement at a prison run by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp, needs surgery for his broken arm, bleeding of eyes and broken teeth. Masoumeh Shafii, wife of jailed journalist Akbar Ganji told the state-run “students” news agency ISNA that her husband, who suffers from asthma, has been given only 45 days of furlough during his four-year in jail. Homa Zarafshan, wife of jailed lawyer Naser Zarafshan, said the judiciary refused to release her husband, who has spend more than one-third of his five-year jail term. Shahla Behnudi, wife of jailed Tehran teacher&apos;s college history professor Hashem Aghajari, said her husband&apos;s situation has not changed. Aghajari has been kept in jail after a branch of the Islamic supreme court overturned his death sentence for insulting ruling clerics in a speech in June 2002 in Hamedan, during which he criticized clerical rule and the Shiite principle of religious emulation. The wives of nationalist-religious activists Hoda Saber and Taqi Rahmani said their husbands did not receive furloughs to spend the New Year holidays with their families. Father of jailed student Ahmad Batebi said his son received a 12-hour furlough to attend university exams. Jailed pollster Abbas Abdi&apos;s lawyer said his client returned to the Evin prison after a four-day New Year furlough. (Farin Asemi) . روزنامه Boston Globe، چاپ آمريكا در مقاله اي تحليلي و در گفتگو با دو كارشناس به بررسي نقش دولت ايران و نهادهاي حكومتي مانند سپاه پاسداران در ناآراميهاي عراق پرداخته و مي نويسد: آمريكا براي پايان دادن به وضع كنوني بايد از يكسو گروههاي شبه نظامي تندرو را نابود كند و از سويي ديگر بر ايجاد دموكراسي در عراق پافشاري كند. جمشيد زند (راديو فردا): روزنامه Boston Globe به نقل از مقامات آمريكا مي نويسد: نيروهاي امنيتي ايران به شبه نظاميان طرفدار مقتدي صدر به طور مستقيم يا از طريق نمايندگانشان كمك مي كنند. لري دايموند، يكي از مشاوران نيروهاي ائتلاف كه روز شنبه از عراق خارج شد، در گفتگويي با خبرنگار روزنامه Boston Globe مي گويد: صدها تن از نيروهاي اطلاعاتي جمهوري اسلامي در ميان نيروهاي مورد حمايتشان در عراق پول پخش مي كنند. او با تاكيد بر اينكه حضور نيروهاي امنيتي ايران در همه جا مشهود است، گفت جمهوري اسلامي ايران به چندين گروه شبه نظامي تندرو عراقي كمكهاي مالي و اسلحه فرستاده است. كمكهايي كه تنها به سپاه مهدي به رهبري مقتدي صدر محدود نمي شود و هريك از مراكز قدرت در ايران به گروه مورد علاقه اش ياري مي رساند. به نوشته Boston Globe ، يكي از مقامات وزارت دفاع آمريكا كه نخواست نامش فاش شود، گفته است: گرچه دولت ايران به طور رسمي از اين گروهها حمايت نمي كند، ولي مانع ورود افراد نهادهاي حكومتي ايران هم به عراق نمي شود. مقامات آمريكايي مي گويند: از زمان سرنگوني حكومت صدام حسين، نفوذ ايران در عراق به تدريج افزايش يافت و آمريكا به تهران هشدار داده است كه بيش از اين كشور همسايه اش را دچار بي ثباتي و ناآرامي نسازد. روز چهارشنبه دانلد رامسفلد، وزير دفاع آمريكا گفت: ما مي دانيم كه ايرانيها در امور عراق مداخله مي كنند. اما مقامات اطلاعاتي و كارشناسان آمريكايي مي گويند: آمريكا عملا نمي تواند به طور موثر مانع كمك ايران به گروههاي شيعه ضد آمريكا مانند سپاه مهدي شود. بويژه بخشهايي از نيروهاي امنيتي ايران كه مستقل از محمد خاتمي، رياست جمهوري عمل مي كنند. ادوارد لوتواك Edward Luttwak ، يكي از كارشناسان مركز مطالعات استراتژيك در واشنگتن هم مي گويد: دولت ايران قادر به كنترل بسياري از فعاليتها در درون ساختار حكومتي نيست. او از سپاه پاسداران به عنوان يكي از نهادهايي كه دولت بر آن هيچ كنترلي ندارد نام مي برد. لري دايموند، يكي از مشاوران نيروهاي ائتلاف كه امروز از عراق خارج شد، مي گويد: ايران از نيروهاي شيعه مانند سپاه بدر و حزب الدعوه نيز حمايت مي كند. آقاي دايموند به نقل از منابع عراقي مي گويد: بيشتر ماموران ايراني و تجهيزاتشان از بندر بصره در جنوب وارد عراق مي شوند. به نوشته Boston Globe ، مقامات اطلاعاتي آمريكا همچنين در حال بررسي ارتباطات احتمالي بين شبه نظاميان شيعه عراقي و حزب الله لبان هستند. دايموند و لوتواك كارشناساني كه Boston Globe با آنها مصاحبه كرده است، هر دو مي گويند آمريكا براي خروج از بحران كنوني، گزينه هاي زيادي ندارد و بهترين راه از بين بردن شبه نظاميان ضد آمريكايي و همزمان با آن تاكيد بر ايجاد دموكراسي در عراق است. روزنامه Boston Globe به نقل از مقامات آمريكا مي نويسد: نيروهاي امنيتي ايران به شبه نظاميان طرفدار مقتدي صدر به طور مستقيم يا از طريق نمايندگانشان كمك مي كنند. لري دايموند، از مشاوران نيروهاي ائتلاف مي گويد: صدها تن از نيروهاي اطلاعاتي جمهوري اسلامي در ميان نيروهاي مورد حمايتشان در عراق پول پخش مي كنند. ادوارد لوتواك Edward Luttwak ، يك كارشناسان مركز مطالعات استراتژيك در واشنگتن مي گويد: دولت ايران قادر به كنترل بسياري از فعاليتها در درون ساختار حكومتي نيست. لري دايموند، مي گويد: بيشتر ماموران ايراني و تجهيزات آنها از بندر بصره در جنوب وارد عراق مي شوند. دايموند و لوتواك هر دو مي گويند آمريكا براي خروج از بحران كنوني، گزينه هاي زيادي ندارد و بهترين راه از بين بردن شبه نظاميان ضد آمريكايي و همزمان با آن تاكيد بر ايجاد دموكراسي در عراق است.
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