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جمعه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۵ تهران ۲۳:۲۳ - ۹ دسامبر ۲۰۱۶

موارد نقض پيمان منع گسترش سلاح هاي اتمي توسط ايران، از ديد نماينده آمريكا درهيات مديره سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي


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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiMonday, June 23, 2003 <b>US Representative to IAEA on Iran&apos;s Violations of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty</b> • Iran&apos;s nuclear activities, as detailed in the June 18 report of IAEA chief Muhammad Elbaradei, appear to have been beyond what is required for nuclear power production, US ambassador to the IAEA board of governors <b>Kenneth Brill</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. Iran&apos;s clandestine nuclear program came to light as a result of outside revelations, which is, he says, the opposite of what it should be. He says the US is deeply concerned about information the IAEA has verified concerning Iran&apos;s clandestine nuclear program, which he says, appear more in line with weapons development than producing electricity. He says that Iran told the IAEA that it had a policy of "full cooperation" and "complete transparency" concerning its nuclear program, but has set conditions for signing the additional protocol of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. He says the UN may have to consider another course of action, if Iran continues to refuse to cooperate with the IAEA on inspections. (Camellia Entekhabi-Fard, Washington) • Russia&apos;s minister of atomic energy Alexander Rumiantsev said Iran&apos;s cooperation with the IAEA has been “excellent.” He said the IAEA found nothing scandalous in Iran. He said the final agreement on shipping nuclear waste from the Bushehr nuclear power plant back to Russia from Iran awaits technical opinion from Russia&apos;s environmental protection agency. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) • Now that Iran&apos;s secret nuclear program has been revealed, the US and its European allies urge Iran to sign the additional safeguards protocol, but Russia, should make it clear for Iran that it would discontinue work on the Bushehr nuclear power plant, unless Iran agrees to UN inspections of its new nuclear sites, writes <i>The International Herald Tribune</i>. (Ardavan Niknam, Prague) • Head of Iran&apos;s nuclear energy organization promised more cooperation with the IAEA, writes the <i>Financial Times</i>. (Shahran Tabari, London) <b>Iran Denies Secret Deal with France on MKO Arrests</b> • Foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said today that French judiciary&apos;s arrests of the leaders of the Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization (MKO) in the Paris suburb Auvere Sur Oise were not a result of a secret accord with the Islamic regime. He called for the extradition to Iran of Maryam Rajavi, wife of MKO leader Massoud Rajavi, and her entourage. France&apos;s anti-terrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere placed Rajavi and 10 MKO members under investigation for allegedly planning to finance terror attacks on Iranian embassies in Europe. (Shireen Famili, Prague) • France initially arranged for the relocation of the MKO to Iraq. Having found itself with no friends in the Middle East after the US ousted Saddam&apos;s regime, the French government arrested the MKO leaders in Paris in an apparent effort to please the Islamic regime in Iran, writes veteran journalist Amir Taheri in an op-ed piece carried by <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>. (Ardavan Niknam, Prague) • Iranians in Italy condemn the human torch protests of the MKO sympathizers, secretary-general of the association of Iranian exiles in Italy Dr. Qahraman Divanbeigi told Rome&apos;s <i>La Republica</i>. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) <b>Plainclothes Security Force Attacks Pro-Democracy Student Rally in Sanandaj</b> • Police blocked access to the Sanandaj University, as hundreds of students held a pro-democracy rally inside, but plainclothes security force Ansar-e Hezbollah attached and wounded student protesters. In a statement read at the rally, students condemned the violent suppression of the Tehran University students&apos; protests in the hands of paramilitary security agents, and demanded the release of all arrested students. The students also called for an investigation by the Majles on the whereabouts of the “missing” students. (Bahman Bastani, Prague) • More than 600 protested against the police and security forces&apos; attacks on the Tehran university students during a rally that began around 7:30 PM, an eye witness tells <b>Radio Farda</b> in an interview from Sanandaj, Kurdistan. (Ardavan Niknam, Prague) <b>Student Activists Protest Against Unlawful Arrests in a Sit-In outside the Majles</b> • Students staged a sit-in outside the Majles to protest the “unlawful” arrests of anti-regime demonstrators by the paramilitary security force. Activist student Said Razavi-Faqih told state-owned student news agency ISNA that others would continue protests in a more aggressive way, if the sit-in participants get arrested. Judiciary authorities said of the 500 arrested during demonstrations in Tehran and other cities, only a handful were students, Reuters news agency reports from Tehran. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) • After meetings with Majles Speaker Mehdi Karrubi, student activists said they plan to stage another sit-in outside the UN office in Tehran. (Bahman Bastani) <b>Government TV Blames Demonstrations on Foreign Media</b> • In a “special report” quoting selected quotes from foreign newscasts, the state-owned channel one TV said foreign news media and the Los Angeles-based Persian TV programs provoked anti-regime demonstrations. <b>Radio Farda</b> was visibly absent from the media quoted in the report. (Leili Sadr) <b>Reza Pahlavi Sees Regime Change Near</b> • In an interview with German newspaper <i>Die Welt</i>, former crown prince Reza Pahlavi said past week&apos;s pro-democracy rallies in Iran indicate that the society has reached a boiling point that would soon result in a regime change. He compared the demonstrations across Iran to the nightly rallies in Belgrade before the downfall of former Yugoslav dictator Milosevic. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) <b>Regime Boosts Jamming of Foreign Broadcasts</b> • University of Post, Telegraph and Telephone&apos;s faculty member Mohammad-Reza Molavi said the number of jamming towers and their power have been increased since the start of anti-regime demonstrations in Tehran and other cities. The jamming signals are aimed at blocking access to the Los Angeles-based Persian TV programs and foreign radio broadcasts, such as <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Ardavan Niknam, Prague) <b>Unrest Prompts Capital Flight</b> • Stock prices fell as investors lined up in the Tehran stock exchange to liquidate their portfolios, in the aftermath of the widespread anti-regime unrest. Real estate owners put their properties for sale to prepare for a quick transfer of assets abroad. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Caspian Sea Littoral Countries to Meet in July on Legal Regime</b> • Deputy foreign ministers of the five Caspian Sea littoral states will once again meet in Moscow next July to hammer out an agreement on the Caspian legal regime, Russia&apos;s Caspian affairs representative Victor Kaluzhniy said today in Moscow. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) <b>Isfahan Loses Two-Thirds of its Tourists</b> • During the first three months of the current Iranian calendar year, nearly 4,000 foreign tourists visited Isfahan, a drop of two-thirds as compared with the same period last year, according to director of Isfahan tourism office Mohammad Massoud. He blamed the drop on the Middle East crisis. However, tourism experts said poor transportation, instable prices and lack of credit card payment facilities contribute to the decline of tourism in the city. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Airports Drag on Government Budget</b> • As domestic air travel decline due to the aging of Iran&apos;s passenger fleet, maintaining large airports in major cities has become a drag on the government budget. Nearly 66 percent of national airport capacity remains idle. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) <b>Majles – Guardians Council Reach an Impasse on the Election Reform Bill</b> • The Majles will vote one more time to eliminating the conservative Guardians Council&apos;s role of vetting the applicants for candidacy in the Majles elections, according to Mohsen Armin, deputy chair of the Majles national security and foreign relations committee. He said negotiations between the Majles and the Guardians&apos; representatives reached a deadlock yesterday, after an official of the Guardians Council said the agreement reached between the two sides in an earlier meeting to do away with the Guardians&apos; role in the elections was a “personal opinion” of the negotiators. (Bahman Bastani, Prague) <b>Government Banned July 9 Demonstrations</b> • The interior ministry announced on Monday that no demonstrations outside university campuses will be allowed on the anniversary of the July 9, 1998, police attack on Tehran University dorms, according to cabinet spokesman Abdollah Ramezan-zadeh. Newspapers reported that a similar ban will be imposed on any rally by plainclothes security force known as the Ansar-e Hezbollah. Ramezanzadeh said universities will decide to allow demonstrations within their campuses. He condemned plainclothes security force&apos;s attack on the students and said no one will be allowed to disturb order. (Bijan Farhoodi, Washington) <b>Armed Attack on a Basij Station Near Isfahan</b> • Five were wounded and 21 were arrested after armed attacks on a unit of the Basij security force in the town of Dibacheh, 40 miles south of Isfahan. Government-owned student news agency ISNA reported that the attackers took a gun from the Basij station on Thursday, and returned for another attack on Friday night, during which five men were wounded. (Bijan Farhoodi, Washington) <b>Italian Newspaper Reports on Iranian Bloggers</b> • Using the Internet, Iranian youth escape from the net of suppression imposed by the regime, and freely express their views in thousands of weblogs, writes Milan&apos;s <i>Corriere della Sera </i>. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) <b>Islamic Dress Code for Women: Special Report</b> • Security forces wounded several women who burned their mandatory Islamic veils and headscarves during anti-regime demonstrations in Tehran. In a special report on <b>Radio Farda</b>, London-based political science scholar <b>Ziba Moshaver</b>, and Tehran-based human rights lawyer and author <b>Shirin Ebadi</b> comment on the Islamic regime&apos;s policy of imposing the Islamic dress code on Iranian women. (Shahran Tabari, London) • The Islamic dress code imposed on women in Iran and other Islamic societies is an insult to the Muslim men, and at the same time, functions as a means to prolong male dominance in the Islamic societies, writes Yasmin Albhai-Brown in <i>The Independent</i>. (Shahran Tabari, London) . جمهوري اسلامي روز دوشنبه آمريكا را كه مدعي است تهران در صدد توليد جنگ افزارهاي هسته اي است، به دروغگويي متهم كرد. در عين حال مخالفت خود را با امضاي بدون قيد و شرط الحاقي، پيمان منع گسترش سلاحهاي هسته اي، تكرار كرد. در عين حال نماينده آمريكا در سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، اين موضع آمريكا را تكرار كرد كه جمهوري اسلامي ايران بايد خواستهاي آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي را اجرا كند. آقاي كنت بريل، سفير آمريكا، اين مطلب را در مصاحبه اي اختصاصي با راديو فردا بيان داشت. كامليا انتخابي فرد (راديو فردا): نماينده آمريكا در سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، در آغاز به گزارش جديد الانتشار آژانس بين المللي درمورد فعاليتهاي هسته اي ايران اشاره كرد و گفت براساس اين گزارش، در يك دهه گذشته، ايران سعي كرده است تا با دستيابي به مواد اتمي، استفاده از اين مواد و محلهايي را كه اين مواد در آنجا مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است، از زير ذره بين آژانس بين المللي دور نگاه دارد. همه اين اعمال با اطلاعات ديگري كه ما در اختيار داريم، همخواني دارد و كاملا نشان مي دهد كه ايران در لواي يك برنامه صلح آميز غير نظامي، درصدد دستيابي به سلاحهاي هسته اي است. ايران ادعاهاي آمريكا را در اين مورد قبول ندارد و مي گويد اينها همه اطلاعاتي دروغين است. از سفير آمريكا در آژانس بين المللي انرژي اتمي پرسيديم آيا مي توان مدارك و شواهدي را كه شما از آنها سخن مي گوييد، به جامعه جهاني نشان داد، تا اگر ايران واقعا درصدد توليد چنين سلاحهايي است، اين امر بر همگان ثابت شود؟ وي پاسخ داد: بسياري از موارد تخطي ايران، در همين گزارش مندرج است. اگر كشوري بخواهد از نيروي اتمي، براي توليد انرژي استفاده كند، نيازي نيست كه مانند ايران، دست به اين همه اقدامات گسترده بزند كه واقعا با منطق سازگار نيست. اگر ايرانيها بخواهند فقط نيروگاه اتمي بسازند، لزومي ندارد كه از طريق كارخانجات توليد آب سنگين، به دنبال توليد پلوتونيوم بروند و همزمان درصدد توليد اورانيوم غني شده، از طريق دستگاههاي گريز از مركز باشند. آشكارا براساس گزارش IAEA، آنها درحال به كارگيري تمام تكنولوژيهاي موجود هستند. حال آنكه اگر واقعا قصد توليد برق باشد، يك راكتور آب سبك كافي است. از اين رو انسان متحير مي ماند كه چرا اين همه فعاليتهاي پرهزينه از سوي ايران دنبال مي شود. نماينده آمريكا در سازمان انرژي اتمي مي افزايد براساس اين داده ها مي توان چنين نتيجه گيري كرد كه آنها درصدد پنهان كردن نيت واقعي خود هستند. زيرا اعمال آنها با اقدامات مورد نياز، جهت توليد سلاح هسته اي همخواني دارد. مقامات ايران، امروز گفته اند كه با نظر مثبتي نسبت به امضاي پروتكل الحاقي، نگاه خواهند كرد. آقاي بريل، سفير آمريكا در واكنش به اين گفته ايران مي گويد: مقامات ايراني ماهها است كه مي گويند: به نظر مساعدي نسبت به امضاي پروتكل الحاقي نگاه خواهند كرد، ولي اغلب شرطهايي براي اين كار قائل مي شوند و درخواست تضمين چيزي را در عوض از جامعه بين المللي دارند. كشورهاي مختلفي هستند كه معاهده الحاقي را تصويب و امضا كرده اند. به طور نمونه آمريكا پروتكل الحاقي را امضا كرده است و سنا قرار است تابستان امسال، كار تصويب آنرا آغاز كند. هيچ يك از كشورهايي كه پروتكل الحاقي را امضا كردند، چيزي در مقابل طلب نداشته اند. ايران ادعا ميكند كه مي خواهد شفافيت كامل داشته باشد ويك راه براي نشان دادن آن، امضاي بي قيد و شرط پروتكل الحاقي و تصويب فوري آن است. آقاي بريل، يادآور شد كه هيئت مديره آژانس بين المللي، هفته پيش همچنين اين درخواست را از ايران به عمل آورد و گفت كه پروتكل الحاقي را بدون شرط تصويب و امضا و اجرا كند. از وي مي پرسيم اگر ايران پروتكل الحاقي را امضا نكند، چه خواهدشد؟ آيا آمريكا آماده است تا اين تخطي ايران را در شوراي امنيت ملي سازمان ملل متحد مطرح كرده و خواست تحريمهايي عليه ايران را داشته باشد؟ وي مي گويد: ما اول منتظر خواهيم شد تا هيئت مديره، گزارش نهايي در مورد فعاليتهاي هسته اي ايران را دريافت كند و ببينيم كه پس از بررسي اين گزارش، چه تصميمي اتخاذ خواهد كرد. اگر ايران از همكاري خودداري ورزد و همينطور از شفافيت داشتن در بازرسيها طفره رود و مشكلات تازه اي بر مشكلات كنوني افزوده شود، هيئت مديره با قاطعيت عمل خواهد كرد تا اين مسئله را حل و فصل نمايد. آقاي كنت بريل، نماينده آمريكا در هيات مديره سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي، در مصاحبه با راديو فردا مي گويد که اگر كشوري بخواهد از نيروي اتمي، براي توليد برق استفاده كند، نيازي نيست كه مانند ايران، دست به اين همه اقدامات گسترده بزند. وي مي افزايد: اعمال مقامات ايران با اقدامات مورد نياز جهت توليد سلاح هسته اي همخواني دارد. وي مي گويد: مقامات ايران ماهها است كه مي گويند: با نظر مساعدي نسبت به امضاي پروتكل الحاقي خواهند نگريست، ولي اغلب شرط هايي براي اين كار قائل مي شوند. وي مي گويد اگر حكومت ايران از همكاري با سازمان بين المللي انرژي اتمي خودداري ورزد و از شفافيت بخشيدن به برنامه هاي هسته اي خود طفره رود، سازمان ملل با قاطعيت بيشتري عمل خواهد كرد.
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