گلناز اسفندياري، مصاحبه با داود هرميداس باوند
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, February 24, 2002
Karzai Delegation to Iran
* The repatriation of Afghan refugees is among the main issues for IRI officials and the Karzai delegation, according to Tehran University professor, Davood Hermidas-Bavand. Hermidas-Bavand tells RFE/RL that the two sides will also discuss Iranian aid in the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Karzai, who is scheduled to meet with Leader Khamenei, was criticised in some Iranian press for traveling to Iran only after he went to other regional countries. US envoy to Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad again says IRI must not undermine the Afghan central government. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
IRI Tests Long-Range Missile, US Expands Sanctions Against Russian Helpers
* The new missile is said to have a range of 1300 km and to have been manufactured in Iran, despite expanded US sanctions against Russian companies involved in the transfer of missile technology to IRI. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
Signs of Moderation in IRI's Position about the US
* IRI should not give excuses to the US for an attack on Iran, said Expediency Council chief and former President, Hashemi Rafsanjani. His Eid al-Adha remarks seemed to support the warning by the reformist majority in Parliament last week that irresponsible and provocative statements and actions by "rogue" institutions within IRI would militarize the US-IRI relations, said reformist MP Ali Shakouri-Rad. US press found in Rafsanjani's remark a sign of moderation in IRI's stance on the US.
* However, the General Headquarters of IRI Armed Forces defended a Revolutionary Guards commander's threat that, in case of a US attack, Iran would set fire to the oil wells of all regional states. (Mina Baharmast)
Armed Forces' Warning Was For Domestic Consumption: An Analysis
* The General Headquarters of IRI Armed Forces' statement is neither the position of all the Iranian armed forces nor it is about the US military threats against Iran, says Ahmad Salamatian, a former IRI parliament member now residing in Paris. The statement calls the 172 MP's who had protested the IRGC Acting Commander's threat to blow up regional oil wells "a few terrified by the US and followers of the enemy instructions." While Rafsanjani, in his Aid-al-Adha speech, apparently agrees with the reformist MP's that the US threat is serious, Salamatian tells RFE/RL that the armed forces propaganda units do not take the US threat seriously and want only to exploit it for factional purposes.
Nationalist-Religious Defendants Ask for Probe into Their Detention
* At the final session of his closed door trial, Ezatollah Sahabi, a leading member of the Nationalist-Religious Coalition, defended himself against subversion charges. Nine other members demanded a probe into the conditions of their detention and interrogation by the Judiciary, in an open letter to Judiciary Chief Shahroudi, defendant Mohammad Maleki tells RFE/RL. (Amir-Mossadegh Katouzian)
Special Student Courts Will Deny Student Activists Due Process
* Judiciary Chief Shahrudi's proposed new special courts for students would deny student activists due process and could result in trials without lawyers for students now under indictment for political activities. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Destruction of Historical Qajar Palace in Northern Tehran
* Disregarding protests from the Cultural Heritage Organization and many eviction court orders, the "Mobilization Sisters" military unit continues to destroy a historical palace in the Saad Abad complex, in northern Tehran. Reportedly more than 2500 trees, some 400 years old, have been felled to make room for new construction. The historical buildings, hotels and other tourism facilities turned over to the armed forces during the 1981-88 Iran-Iraq war are not being evacuated, more than 12 years after the war, says urban affairs journalist Nasser Karami, in an interview with RFE/RL. He says the Majlis (IRI Parliament) should act to change once and for all the usage of many parks, historical buildings and sites now controlled by armed forces and paramilitary groups. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Elections of Board of Directors of Tehran Bar Association
* There was no legal basis for the rejection of seven of the 77 lawyers who applied to stand in the elections of Tehran Bar Association Board, says Mohammad Ali Jedari Foroughi, whose application to become a candidate was rejected for the third time. The Bar Association Board did not support the many lawyers who faced legal action and harassments because of their work on behalf of political prisoners, Foroughi tells RFE/RL. (Amir Mossadegh Katouzian)
Iranian soloist appears with Yo Yo Ma in Koln
* In an interview with RFE/RL, master Kamancheh player Keyhan Kalhour talks about the piece he composed for Yo Yo Ma and 14 soloists as part of Ma's "Silk Road" project. (Shahram Mirian, Koln)
WORLD Middle East: Israel relaxes Restrictions on Arafat
* Though confined to Ramallah, Arafat is now allowed to move about the town.
Algeria Calls for Creation of a North African Union
* After meetings with North African heads of state, the Algerian President calls for creating a union of Arab countries of North Africa. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
Angolan Rebels to Continue Fighting the Government
* UNITA members announced that despite the death of Jonas Savimbi, they would continue to fight the Angolan government forces. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
France Celebrates 200th Anniversary of Victor Hugo
* An extensive program is being prepared Hugo's bicentennial.
Said And Unsaid About Contemporary Iranian History
* In the RFE/RL historical 4-part series, aired during the past 4 nights, Seyyed Zia Tabatabai, the political leader of the 1920 coup that ended the Qajar dynasty's rule, remembers the details of the coup and talks about the character of Reza Khan Mirpanj, the military commander of the coup, who assumed power as Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. The interview was recorded 40 years ago by RFE/RL contributor Sadroddin Elahi, who discusses his experience of meeting Seyyed Zia and recording of the interview. In tonight's program, political scholars discuss Seyyed Zia's statements, based on other historical documents, and argue whether the coup was a British plot or an indigenous event. (Iraj Gorgin)
دكتر داود هرميداس باوند، استاد روابط بين الملل در تهران، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد طريقه و نحوه بازگشت پناهندگان افغاني يكي از موضوع هاي عمده گفتگو ميان مقامات جمهوري اسلامي و رهبران اداره موقت افغانستان است. وي مي افزايد حكومت ايران تعهداتي در باره كمك مالي به افغانستان متقبل شده است اما پرداخت اين كمك ها به روابط آينده دو حكومت بستگي دارد و نقشي كه ايران بتواند در عمران افغانستان ايفا كند. مقامات آمريكا حكومت ايران را به تلاش براي بي ثبات ساختن اداره موقت متهم كرده اند. زلماي خليلزاد، نماينده ويژه آمريكا در امور افغانستان، تاكيد كرد كه روابط ايران و افغانستان بايد بر اساس عدم مداخله در امور داخلي يكديگر باشد. وي حضور عناصر مسلح اعزامي از جمهوري اسلامي را در نقاط مختلف افغانستان مشكل آفرين توصيف كرد. روزنامه هاي داخل ايران از اينكه كرزاي بعد از كشورهاي ديگر منطقه به ايران سفر مي كند، انتقاد كردند. وزراي امورخارجه، مهاجرين، تجارت، فرهنگ، حمل و نقل، كشاورزي، توسعه روستايي، كار وامور اجتماعي و جمعي ديگر از مقامات بلند پايه اداره موقت افغانستان، حامد كرزاي را در سفر به ايران همراهي مي كنند. كرزاي قرار است در ايران از جمله با رهبر جمهوري اسلامي ملاقات كند.