اردوان نيكنام، مصاحبه با قاسم شعله سعدي، استاد دانشگاه (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceThursday, June 13, 2002
- MP sentenced to lashes
- HRW condemns rejection of the anti-torture bill
- Judiciary bans "The Second Sex"
- Merhangiz Kar's letter to Prisons Chief
- Belgian FM discusses human rights in Tehran
- Khatami on US "tone of threats"
- Russia to award Khatami for "dialogue"
- German philosopher finds Iran lively
- Economists doubt job plan's effectiveness
Tabriz MP Gets Lashes Over Oil Company's Complaint
* Ruling on a complaint by the state-owned oil distribution company, a court sentenced Tabriz MP Akbar Alami to 40 lashes for having accused the plaintiff of breaking the law, laziness, bullying, oppression and nepotism. This was the first time a reformist MP was punished because of a complaint by the reformist government. Tehran-based law professor and former MP Qasem Sholehsadi says the Guardians Council rejected the immunity of MPs from prosecution, leaving MPs vulnerable to prosecution by either faction of the government. (Ardavan Niknam)
HRW Condemns Guardians' Rejection of Bill to Ban Torture
* The Guardians Council's recent rejection of the Majles' anti-torture bill defies the constitution of the Islamic Republic and Iran's international commitments, Human Rights Watch's Elahe Sharifpur Hicks tells RFE/RL. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Poet Simin Behbahani Comments on Judiciary's Banning Permitted Books
* The judiciary banned the Persian translations of French feminist Simone De Beauvoir's 1949 book "The Second Sex" today and ordered all unsold copies recalled. The book has been available in Persian in one form or another since the 1960's. A team of the General Inspection Organization (Sazeman-e Baz-resi-e Kol-e Keshvar) at the book censorship division of the ministry of culture and Islamic guidance has drawn up a list of 300 permitted books for a second review by the judiciary. Contemporary poet Simin Behbahani, member of the board of the Iranian Writers Association, tells RFE/RL that banning previously permitted books reflects the coexistence of two governments in Iran. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Pourzand's Wife Writes to Prisons Chief
* In a letter to the head of the Islamic Republic prisons organization, lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar, now based in Washington, asked to know the whereabouts of her husband, veteran journalist Siamak Pourzand, 72, who was sentenced to 11 months in jail after five months in solitary confinement. Merhangiz Kar tells RFE/RL that the prisons organization has officially admitted that Pourzand is in one of the prisons under its control. (Siavash Ardalan)
Belgian FM Voices Concern over Human Rights in Iran
* Belgian foreign minister Louis Michel said today at the end of his 2-day Tehran visit that he brought up Iran's "human rights situation" in his meetings with officials. He said that the "differences" between the EU and Iran over terrorism focused on the Palestinian suicide bombers. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Khatami Warns against US "Warmongers"
* In an open letter to William Vendley, secretary-general of the US-based World Conference on Religion and Peace, President Khatami accused the US of using a tone of "threats and humiliation" against other countries and linked it to terrorism for its support of Israel. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
Russia to Award Khatami for "Dialogue among Civilizations"
* Russia will honor President Khatami for his concept "dialogue among civilizations" with two awards. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
German Philosopher Finds Iran a Lively Society
* In an interview with the Frankfurter Allgemeine after his one-week visit to Iran, German philosopher Jurgen Habermas says Iran is not a closed, silent society. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
New York Review of Books: Who Rules Iran?
* Writing in this week's New York Review of Books, author Christopher de Bellaigue says: "Never in English history were the universities as mighty as the seminaries of Qom are today." (Nazi Azima)
Doubts about Job Plan's Effectiveness
* Tehran economists believe that Khatami government's plan to stimulate employment by offering medium-term, low-interest loans to employers, which officially began today, may not produce the promised 300,000 new jobs by the end of this fiscal year (March 2003). The 30 million rial loan ($37,500) per new employee hardly covers five year salary and benefits, and the complex guarantees required by the banks make it hard for small business owners to qualify for the loans. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
* Afghanistan's emergency supreme council, or "loya jirga," elects a board of directors. (Ahmad Takel, Kabul)
* Political conflict among groups participating in loya jirga makes election of a transitional government difficult. (Shireen Famili)
* Some in the US Congress question the President's authority to end the anti-ballistic missile treaty, signed 30 years ago with the former Soviet Union. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* FAO's anti-hunger summit ends in Rome. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* EU Interior ministers meet in Luxemburg to discuss immigration policy and rising racism in Europe. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
* Alberto Mantovano, Italy's deputy minister of interior and architect of the tough new anti-immigration bill approved by the conservative dominated parliament, tells RFE/RL that the new measures were required to fight the rising tide of illegal immigrants pouring into Italy and from Italy into other European countries. He urges investment in the economic growth of the third world countries as a means to reverse the immigration tide. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* World Day Against Child Labor. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Possible disagreement between State and White House an independent Palestinian state. (Fariba Mavedat)
* Twenty-four heavy armed conflicts raged around the world during 2001, Sweden's peace studies institute writes in its annual report. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* In a book published in Beirut, Birmingham University scholar Amal Sad writes that Lebanon's Hezbollah represents Iranian ideology and Syrian political interests. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games.
Iranians in Downtown L.A.
* RFE/RL interviews Iranian-born commercial real estate developers and shopkeepers in downtown Los Angeles around Santee Alley, where clothing is offered at bargain prices. (Fahimeh Barati, Los Angeles)
RFE/RL's weekly soccer news and commentary. (Mehrdad Masudi)
Iranian Play in Bonn's World Theater Festival
* In an interview with Germany-based actor Shapur Salimi, RFE/RL previews Bonn's World Theater festival in which Shirazi playwright Amir Kuhestani will stage his modern piece "Dancing on the Glasses." (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun
* Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi.
From Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif
* Filmmaker and RFE/RL reporter Ali Attar surveys the new Afghanistan for RFE/RL in a journey from Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif.
اكبر اعلمي، نماينده تبريز در مجلس شوراي اسلامي در پي شكايت شركت ملي پخش و پالايش فرآورده هاي نفتي، به چهل ضربه شلاق محكوم شد. وي سال گذشته در مصاحبه ای وزارت نفت را به قانون شكني، كم كاري، تبعيض، حق كشي، زورگوئي و پارتي بازي متهم كرده بود. اين نخستين بار است كه يك نماينده اصلاحگرا با شكايت دولت اصلاحگرا متهم و محكوم مي شود. دكتر قاسم شعله سعدي، نماينده سابق مجلس شوراي اسلامي و استاد دانشگاه، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: در فقدان اصل مصونيت پارلماني، اينكه كدام قوه يا جناح، نمايندگان مجلس عضو كدام يك از فراكسيون ها را تحت تعقيب قرار دهند، اهميت ندارد. شعله سعدي مي افزايد: با بروز تشتت در جنبش اصلاح طلب، دولت خاتمي به سياست هاي محافظه كاران نزديك شده است و مديريت جنبش اصلاحات دست اعضاي فراكسيون چپ سابق قرار گرفته است كه حدود 10 سال پس از انقلاب در مصدر كار بودند و شيوه هاي زورمدارانه را خود آنها ابداع كردند و اعمال مي كردند، ولي به تازگي آزاديخواه شده اند. شعله سعدي مي افزايد: تصور نمي كند كه اصلاح طلبان و محمد خاتمي، رئيس جمهوري اسلامي، با لغو نظارت استصوابي شوراي نگهبان بر انتخابات مجلس موافق باشد زيرا در اين صورت مردم به نيروي سوم از چهره هاي تازه اي در انتخابات آينده راي خواهند داد كه به هيچ يك از دو جناح حاكم وابستگي ندارند.