Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSaturday, June 15, 2002
- Iran invites US trade and investment
- Risk of economic collapse
- EU to sign economic cooperation treaty with Iran
- US envoy in Afghanistan accuses Iran of helping al-Qaeda.
Economy Ministry Official Invites US Trade and Investment
* At a conference in Tehran yesterday, deputy minister of economy and finance Mohammd Khazai said Iran's laws welcome investments from the US, because Iran has no enmity with the American people and American businessmen. He said before the US economic sanctions against Iran, US-Iran trade was over $1 billion. According to official figures, in the past quarter the US imported $40 million from Iran and exported $8 million worth of goods to Iran.
Risk of Economic Collapse
* Esfahan and Shiraz universities economics professor Mohammad Adib predicts economic collapse in four years as a result of the confluence of four factors: high unemployment, zero oil income, cutbacks in food and energy subsidies and drought. But Washington-based economist Mohammad Eghtedari says Iran's economy faces long term challenges but no short-term collapse. He tells RFE/RL that Adib's model is based on hypothetical factors and unpredictable conditions such as drought, which has already been reversed. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
EU To Sign Economic Treaty with Iran
* In their Monday meeting in Luxemburg EU foreign ministers are set to approve signing an economic cooperation treaty with Iran, in spite of US disapproval, according to unnamed EU officials. The EU hopes that increasing foreign investment in Iran would ease the widespread joblessness and stem the flow of immigrants from Iran to Europe. (Siavash Ardalan)
US Envoy in Afghanistan Accuses Iran of Aiding Taliban and al Qaeda
* Zalmay Khalilzad, US special envoy to Afghanistan, said yesterday in Kabul that two special units of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp (IRGC) continue to provide aid to al-Qaeda and Taliban remnants in Afghanistan. Khalilzad said Iran's "elected" government supports Afghanistan's political process, whereas the conservative "unelected" faction sees it a threat to its own power. He said the US and Iran cooperated over Afghanistan even after President Bush's "Axis of Evil" speech. (Alireza Taheri)
New York Review of Books: Who Rules Iran?
* In an article for the June 27 issue of the New York Review of books titled "Who Rules Iran?" author Christopher de Bellaigue discusses the post-Khomeini era and Khomeini's conflict with his designated successor Ayatollah Montazeri . (Nazi Azima)
* US expels first secretary of Iraq's mission to the UN. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Iraq calls its diplomat's expulsion from the US a new diplomatic war. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Morocco tries five Saudi nationals suspected of membership in al-Qaeda. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* French-Moroccan Zakaria Moussaoui said in his trial in an Alexandria, VA, Federal court that he can prove his innocence in ten minutes. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Former US Defense Department officials told the Washington Post that Israel's submarines armed with nuclear weapons are not a threat to US security. (Siavash Ardalan)
* Lebanon's Hezbollah, supported by Syria and Iran, has deployed armed units to Israel's borders. (Fariba Mavedat)
* In his speech at the opening session of the conference to review security in Central Asia, Uzbekistan's president called for disarming Afghanistan and a broader regional cooperation against drug trafficking. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Hamed Karzai calls for unity in his acceptance speech at the loya jirga. (Shireen Famili)
* On the sidelines of the FAO anti-hunger summit, Afghan activists Marzieh Kopel and Esmatollah Heydari tell RFE/RL that reconstruction projects have been put off pending the arrival of the promised foreign aid. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* A French-Belgian oil company joined the companies involved in the Baku-Tiblisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Soccer returns to Afghanistan. (Alireza Taheri)
* Germany tries a 93-year-old Nazi officer for ordering 59 Italian prisoners killed in revenge for an explosion in Genoa, Italy. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
ARTS AND IDEAS
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games.
Americans Anti-Radiation Tablets: Dirty Bomb Scare
* The "dirty bomb" scare has caused many Americans to buy potassium iodide tablets, which protect the thyroid gland from radioactive fallout. But potassium iodide would be helpful only if a dirty bomb used radioactive iodine instead of other radioactive substances, and then only for people close to the explosion. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
New York Magazine
US Denies Visas to Lincoln Center Taziyeh Players
* Of 28 prominent singers of Iran's religious music theater Taziyeh, only 18 received US visas. The mandatory 30-day background check would cut their rehearsal time to just a few days. Brown University professor William Beeman, an authority on Persian theater and Taziyeh, believes no intervention from the US government can change the independent decision of a US consul. He tells RFE/RL that the singers were carefully chosen to make the staging of three large-scale plays possible by a relatively small cast. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Three Islamic Thinkers' Views on Modernity
* In his latest book "God and Juggernaut: Iran's Intellectual Encounter with Modernity," published last week by the Syracuse University Press, Farzin Vahdat, professor of comparative religion at Tufts University, analyzes Iran's intellectual encounter with the West. He tells RFE/RL that his book compares the views of three contemporary Islamic thinkers - Ayatollahs Khomeini and Motahari and Ali Shariati - on modernity, as a means to explain the ideological basis of Iran's 1979 revolution.
Biomusicology Looks for Roots of Music on Earth
* Biomusicology researchers show that music existed on the Earth millions of years before the first man appeared. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Weekly medical advice show (Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Iranian Student Wins Youth Dicoverers' Award in Germany
* Siamak Ahmadi, 19, the first prize winner of Germany's annual award for young scientists, tells RFE/RL that his original study proves that overuse of anti-bacterial detergents not only does not kill all the germs but increases resistance in the survivors. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
Classic Persian Love Stories: Leyli va Majnun
* Sardredin Elahi begins recitation of the story of Leyli and Majnun based on Nezami Ganjavi.
From Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif
* Filmmaker and RFE/RL reporter Ali Attar surveys the new Afghanistan for RFE/RL in a journey from Kabul to Mazar-i-Sharif.
محمد خزاعي معاون وزير اقتصاد جمهوري اسلامي گفت قوانين ايران هيچ كشوري، از جمله آمريكا، را از سرمايه گذاري در ايران منع نمي كند. در سه ماه اول سال جاري ايران معادل 40 ميليون دلار كالا به آمريكا صادر كرد و 9 ميليون دلار جنس از آمريكا وارد كرده است.از سوي ديگر، قوه قضائيه جمهوري اسلامي اعلام كرد كه بيانيه منع بحث جانبدارانه در باره مذاکره با آمريکا بر اساس يك شايعه صادر شده بود.