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چهارشنبه ۲ خرداد ۱۳۹۷ تهران ۰۰:۰۳

مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام مصاديق عسر و حرج را براي زنان تعيين كرد

ماه منير رحيمي، مصاحبه با شادي صدر، روزنامه نگار (تهران)

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, June 24, 2002 - Women's new rights to divorce - Earthquake in Qazvin: UN raises death toll estimate - Tehran fights brown rats - Friedman on Iran's social and economic pressures - Controversy over division of Khorasan province - LA court clears MKO members accused by FBI - Iranian industry and competitiveness Expediency Council Sets Conditions for Divorce by Women * The Expediency Council approved the Majles bill on specific conditions under which a woman can apply to courts for divorce. The Guardians Council had rejected the bill as un-Islamic since it limited the exclusive and non-alienable rights of men to unilateral divorce. In addition to a husband's drug addiction or prison conviction beyond one year, courts could now consider a woman's divorce application if she can prove that actions of her husband contributes to their marriage's hardship, or her husband stayed away from home without her agreement for more than six months in a row or a total of nine months within a year. The new law can potentially solve the problem of thousands of married women who seek divorce, says Shadi Sadr, a Tehran-based law expert and journalist. She tells RFE/RL that prior to the new ruling, judges decided a woman's marriage hardship based on their individual preferences. However, the burden of proof is on the woman and proving any of these conditions could be difficult. (Mahmonir Rahimi) Earthquake in Qazvin and Hamedan * UN reps who visited the quake-stricken areas in Qazvin and Hamedan put the death toll of Saturday's earthquake at "hundreds" more than was reported by Iran's state-run media. UN reps estimated the number of injured as between 2000 to 4000. Search continues in the rubble for survivors and victims. President Khatami is to visit the stricken areas on Tuesday. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Iran, Turkey, Syria, Azerbaijan and Armenia are on a seismic line created by the Indian subcontinent's pressure against Iranian plateau, writes Agence France Press. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Tehran Gears Up for Fight against the Brown Rat * The Tehran municipal government asked city dwellers to cooperate on a large-scale program to eradicate a citywide brown rat infestation. Tehran-based ecologist Esmail Kahrom explains how suitable climate conditions contribute to the expansion of the rat population. (Golnaz Esfandiari) Friedman on "Iran by the Numbers" * New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman writes from Tehran that "skyrocketing figures" published in Iranian newspapers dramatize the social deterioration resulting from Iran's foundering economy. The economic mismanagement by Iran's theocratic rulers is to blame. If the establishment fails to respond to national and international pressures it will crash. But if it becomes flexible and adapts, it cannot remain what it is now. The regime will have to become secular if it is to survive. (Alireza Taheri) Conflict over Division of Khorasan Province Shahrud MP Kazem Jalali said the division of the Khorasan province into three would ease centralization, but Neyshabur MP Hossein Ansari-Rad quit the Majles over the issue. In interviews with RFE/RL, three experts comment about the bill to divide Khorasan into three provinces. * A Mashhad University political science professor says due to the vastness of the province, the division plan would facilitate its administration. * Tehran-based university professor Hamid Ahmadi says President Khatami prefers to divide the province into two instead of three new provinces. * Tehran University professor Ahmad Naqibzadeh considers the division necessary, but says the plan needs further study. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) Russia's Deputy Defense Minister in Tehran * Russian deputy defense minister Mikhael Dimitriov met in Tehran with Revolutionary Guards brigadier-general Hossein Dehqan, deputy defense minister for logistical support of the Islamic Republic armed forces. Moscow's daily Vremia Novosti says the US pressures to stop Russia-Iran nuclear cooperation has had no impact. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) LA Court Rejects US Charges against Seven MKO Members * A Los Angeles Federal court rejected US charges against seven members of the Iraq-based Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) as a ploy to appease the Islamic Republic. FBI had arrested the seven in February 2001 for having transferred $1 million from a bogus charity fund-raiser to Iraq to pay for guns for the MKO, designated by the US State Department as an international terrorist organization. The US prosecutors said they would appeal. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Iranian Industries: The Challenges Ahead * The many conferences being held around the country on "Industry Day" are a good opportunity to discuss the impact of industries on job creation, a major concern of the Islamic Republic officials, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. Since the outset, industries in Iran were developed based on the principle of "self-sufficiency" in order to replace imported products. Passage from protected to competitive industries is the challenge ahead of the industries. WORLD * Former Afghan Interior Minister Yunis Qanuni was appointed as education minister and security adviser to transitional government president Hamed Karzai. (Ghafur Nival) * Yunis Qanuni, a Tajik from north, could help Afghan unity in his new positions as education minister and President Karzai's national security advisor. (Alireza Taheri) * Hamas accuses Arafat of assassination attempt on one of its leaders. (Jamshid Chalangi) * Heavily hit by the September 11 attacks, France's tourism industry looks forward to regaining its former top position. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * Heads of the seven industrial nations and Russia to meet in Canada tomorrow. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * President Bush, in a speech at Elizabeth, New Jersey, vows to fight terrorism. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * Italy braces for terrorist attacks from 50 al-Qaeda members. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * A Russian commentator calls the EU's new toughness against illegal immigrants' countries of origin "unrealistic." (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * Three US Senators comment on Osama bin Laden and his terror network. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) ARTS AND IDEAS RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup * RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games. Soccer and Politics * Success or failure in soccer World Cup can have an impact on nations' sense of identity and political unity, writes the Washington Post. (Fariba Mavedat) Global Warming's Impact on Spread of * Richard S. Ostfeld, a researcher at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, N.Y. and co-author of a study published in Friday's issue of the journal Science, tells RFE/RL about the impact of global warming on spread of disease in humans and animals. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington) One Book, One Author: Modernity and Modernism * Abbas Milani, author of the best selling book "The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution," discusses his new book, Modernity and Modernism, a collection of articles, in an interview with RFE/RL's Shahran Tabari. Classic Love Stories: Vis va Ramin * Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of Vis va Ramin based on Fakhredin Asad Gorgani's poem. Kambiz Derambakhsh, Cartoonist * Critic Javad Mojabi and cartoonist Ahmad Sakhavarz comment on the work of modern cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh. (Bahman Bastani) Interview with Kamancheh player Keyhan Kalhur. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)

مجمع تشخيص مصلحت نظام مشقت در زندگي زناشوئي ناشي از اقدام شوهر، بيماري، اعتياد شوهر يا ترك زندگي خانوادگي توسط شوهر به مدت شش ماه يا 9 ماه متناوب در مدت يك سال در صورت احراز توسط دادگاه را از جمله مصاديق عسر و حرج (تنگنا و سختي) زنان تعيين كرد كه به آنان امكان مي دهد از دادگاه تقاضاي طلاق كنند. شادي صدر، حقوقدان و روزنامه نگار متخصص امور زنان، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد: مجلس با تصويب طرح عسر و حرج زنان كوشيد مشكلات هزاران زن را حل كند زيرا قبل از تصويب اين طرح تشخيص مصاديق عسر وحرج زن بر عهده قاضي گذاشته شده بود. وي مي افزايد مانند همه آنچه در چارديواري خانواده اتفاق مي افتد، اثبات اين موارد بسيار دشوار است.

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