منیر رحيمی، مصاحبه با آذردخت مفيدی و چند شاهد خشونت (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceSunday, June 30, 2002
- Psychoanalysis of police violence
- Official criticism of the laughter festivals
- Cleric compares Aghajari to Salman Rushdie
- Tehran softens towards Ayatollah Sistani
- Khatami's economic scorecard
New Police Unit Enforces Religious Code with Violence: A Psychoanalytical View
* Uzi machine guns on their backs and grenades on the belts of their green uniforms, wearing their black hats sideways and riding in brand new black Toyota Cruisers, the new unit of Tehran police routinely pulls aside young people because of their clothes, hair style, music or for accompanying a member of the opposite sex. Four young men tell RFE/RL of bloody beatings they have endured, witnessed or heard of. Tehran-based psychoanalyst Dr. Azardokht Mofidi says the violent police and those who command them have "anal sadistic" character. Their violent, aggressive, revengeful behavior is a reaction to their paranoia, which may come from a deep sense of guilt. She tells RFE/RL that young people either turn to drug addiction, prostitution and moral corruption as a reaction to the police violence, or become aggressive and destructive and willing to break all the boundaries. The growing disparity between some parts of the government and the rest of the people is pushing the society towards disorder in which everyone would become childlike, aggressive, destructive and extremely insecure. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Officials Decry Joyful Public Events
* Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, head of the Assembly of Experts, called the laughter festival held by the Mashhad municipal government last week "a dirty program worse than anything in the west." Other officials, including provincial Friday prayer leaders appointed by the Supreme Leader, criticized the Mashhad festival and a similar event held in Shiraz. Tehran-based sociologist Davar Sheikhavandi says suppression of cheerful public gatherings spreads depression among the youth. He tells RFE/RL that the reaction against such joyful gatherings is religious in nature but may also have political objectives. (Mehdi Khalaji)
Cleric Calls for Aghajari's Death
* Comparing him with Salman Rushdie, conservative cleric Ayatollah Nuri-Hamedani called for the death of Tehran University professor Hashem Aghajari, a board member of the leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization. In a speech last week in Hamedan, Aghajari had criticized the clerical ranking system and the Shiite principle of "religious emulation." President Khatami and the heads of other two branches of government and many conservative and reformist politicians defended the clergy in response to Aghajari's attacks. However, as RFE/RL's Mehdi Khalaji says, Aghajari's critics defended only a group among the clergy, since never in Iran had so many clerics been executed, condemned, disrobed or thrown in jail as during the Islamic Republic.
Tehran Changes Policy towards Ayatollah Sistani
* Tehran press published a "fatwa," or religious decree, issued in Iraq by Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, advising calm to his former student, former judiciary chief Ayatollah Mohammad Yazai, now a member of the Guardians Council. London-based journalist Alireza Nurizadeh says as a religious source of emulation, Ayatollah Sistani has the largest follower base among the Shiites in Iran, Iraq and other countries. He tells RFE/RL that Tehran does not want to appear opposing Sistani. He adds that a recent widely reported meeting in Iraq between Ayatollah Yazdi's son and Ayatollah Sistani might be related to the change of attitude in Tehran to a religious leader who usually avoids politics but has condemned violent methods of enforcing religion. (Alireza Taheri)
Khatami's Economic Scorecard
In his opening speech celebrating Tehran's "Day of Industries and Mining," President Mohammad Khatami said that over the past five years his government has had more success in economic reforms than political reforms.
* Khatami's economic accomplishments include unifying the foreign exchange rate, relaxation of export regulations, and tax reforms, says RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand. But Khatami is far from successful in dealing with Iran's social and economic troubles. Khatami's biggest economic failure is privatization of state-owned businesses, since the government continues to control 85 percent of the country's production capacity. Also, tax collection continues to represent only 6 percent of the GNP, and subsidies for food, medicine and energy consume 10 percent of the GNP.
* India tests long-range Russian missiles. (Fariba Mavedat)
* The US plans to attack Iraq six months from now with 25,000 troops, writes German daily Welt Am Sonntag quoting German analysts. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* Italian prosecutors warn of a large al-Qaeda terrorist attack on September 11 anniversary. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* US allows Saudi officials visit Saudi detainees at Guantanamo Bay. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* Karzai threatens to resign if he sees he cannot end regional violence among warlords. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Rome buries Afghanistan's former queen. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome)
* President Bush vows to return trust to American business. (Fariba Mavedat)
* Australia arrests 15 of the 25 illegal aliens who fled the Wummera detention center. (Jamshid Adili, Sydney)
* Denmark assumes the presidency of the EU. Danish voters are expected to favor the right in next year's parliamentary elections. (Golnaz Esfandiari)
* Chechen flood victims ask Russia for more help. (Fariba Mavedat)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Egyptian Translator of Esmail Fasih's Novels
* In an interview with RFE/RL, Aladin Mansur, Egyptian translator of contemporary novelist Esmail Fasih's "Winter of 62," says Fasih writes in simple, clear language about today's Iran and can be compared to the Egyptian Nobel prize winner Nagib Mahfuz.
RFE/RL's Daily Coverage of Soccer World Cup
* RFE/RL's soccer commentator, Mehrdad Masudi, reports from Seoul on today's World Cup games. Shahram Mirian reports Germans' reaction to the loss of the World Cup to Brazil.
Power and Government in the Passage of Time: A Historical Review
* Tehran-based professor of political history compares the Safavid and Ottoman empires that competed for domination of the Islamic World.
Weekly medical advice program. (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Interview: National Music
* Musician Keyvan Saket discusses Iran's national music in an interview with Ehsan Naraghi. (Jean Khakzad, Paris)
Classic Love Stories: Vis va Ramin
* Sadredin Elahi continues his recitation of the story of Vis va Ramin based on Fakhredin Asad Gorani.
Cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh
* Germany-based veteran cartoonist Kambiz Derambakhsh tells RFE/RL about his definition of style in the fifth segment of the series. (Bahman Bastani)
واحد تازه تاسيسي از نيروی انتظامی تهران به تازگی موج تازه برخورد خشن با جوانان تهرانی را آغاز کرده است. برخوردهاي خشن نيروهای جديدی که به صورت مسلح و همراه با خودروهای نو سياه رنگ در سطح شهر تهران مستقر شدهاند، با دختران و پسران تهرانی، اعتراض روزنامهها و شخصيتهای اصلاحطلب را برانگيخته است. چند جوان تهرانی که از نزديک شاهد اين برخوردها بودهاند، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي میگويند ماموران به بهانههايی مانند طرز لباس پوشيدن، آرايش مو، صدای موسيقی در اتوموبيل و امثال آن، در خيابان ها و پاركها، جوانان را اعم از دختر و پسر مورد ضرب و شتم خونين قرار دادند. دکتر آذردخت مفيدی، روانکار ساکن در تهران، عقيده دارد که اين افراد خشن صاحب نوعی از شخصيت هستند به نام «مقعدی آزارکام» anal sadistic خشونت و رفتار پرخاشگري انتقامجويانه و سلطه جوئي، واكنشي بدوي نسبت به احساس واهمه توهم آميز (پارانويا) نسبت به جهان بيرون است كه مي تواند ناشي از احساس گناه عميق در اين آدم ها باشد. دکتر مفيدی مي گويد برخوردهای خشن رسمي، جوانان كشور را به سوي فساد، فحشاء، لاابالي گري و اعتياد به مواد مخدر سوق مي دهد. وي مي افزايد نتيجه ديگر اين برخوردها، به وجود آمدن نسلي است که بهشدت هنجارشکن، مخرب و پرخاخشگر است و مي خواهد از هر مرزی که برايش تعيين میشود، عبور کند. تضاد هنجاري كه در جامعه بين حكومت و مردم عادي ديده مي شود، روز به روز جامعه را به طرف بي هنجاري پيش مي راند كه همه مي توانند در اثر واپس زدگي عميق، به انسان هائي كودك صفت، پرخاشگر و مخرب و بي نهايت ناامن تبديل شوند.