لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

خبر فوری
چهارشنبه ۹ فروردین ۱۴۰۲ تهران ۱۶:۴۲

سفر مسئول روابط خارجي اتحاديه اروپا به ايران: شرايط چهارگانه براي برقراري رابطه نزديك تر با جمهوري اسلامي

عليرضا طاهري

Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceMonday, July 29, 2002 - EU-Iran relations - Reaction to court verdicts against FMI - Mosharekat statement - Pourzand's TV confessions - French socialist party calls for referendum in Iran - Airbus delays delivery of 8 Iran Air jets - Woolsey: Regime on its last legs - Caspian Sea working group meets in Tehran Solana Delivers EU Message to Iran * EU foreign policy coordinator Javier Solana told Tehran officials during his one-day visit that other than calling Iran a part of an "axis of evil," the EU's policy towards Iran reflects that of the US. He said in order to improve relations with the EU, Iran should meet four conditions concerning human rights, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, recognition of Israel and the Middle East peace process. (Alireza Taheri) Reaction to Court Order to Dissolve FMI * Conservative journalist Amir Mohebian, member of the editorial board of the daily "Resalat," opposed the order of the Tehran revolutionary court to dissolve the nationalist party Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI). FMI founding member and former justice minister Ahmad Sadr-Haj-Seyyed-Javadi, who is sentenced to flogging, tells RFE/RL that his lawyer Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah will appeal the order. He says he refused to defend himself in the court because he considered his trial illegal, since it was held in a special court and without jury. Sadr-Haj-Seyyed-Javadi says criticism of the court order by reformist officials helps inform the public but has little effect on the case. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) Mosharekat: Regime has Three Options * The Islamic Iran Participation Front (Jebheh-ye Mosharekat-e Iran-e Eslami), the largest pro-Khatami party, said in a statement yesterday that the regime has three options: dictatorship, dissolution or reforms. The Mosharekat criticized the Experts Assembly that had been formed to supervise the actions of the Supreme Leader but in practice is shaped by the Guardians Council whose members are appointed by the Supreme Leader. Mosharekat threatened that at an unspecified time, when all the members of the party's central council agree, it would resign from the regime. (Siavash Ardalan) Reaction to Pourzand's TV Confession * Vice president Mohammad Abtahi said in an article published by the official daily "Iran" today that the confessions of the jailed journalist Siamak Pourzand are unacceptable for the majority of people. Lawyer Naser Zarafshan tells RFE/RL that Pourzand's interrogation and trial was unconstitutional. (Mehdi Khalaji) Western Press on FMI Verdicts and Mosharekat Statement * Financial Times, New York Times, Irish Times and Chicago Tribune printed articles about the court order to dissolve FMI and Mosharekat's statement. (Fariba Mavedat, London) French Socialist Party Calls for Referendum on Reforms in Iran * France's Socialist party on Monday urged the EU to stop engaging Tehran and called for a referendum in Iran on the destiny of reforms. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Former CIA Chief Sees Regime on Its Last Legs * Former CIA chief James Woolsey tells RFE/RL that the Islamic Republic is on its last legs, and as workers and the middle class join the protest movement of the students the regime's leaders face losing everything in the upcoming storm, including their lives. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) Airbus Delays Delivery of 8 Planes to Iran Air * An Airbus spokesperson confirmed that the company would delay delivery of eight passenger jets ordered last year by Iran Air during President Khatami's visit to France. RFE/RL's Paris-based economic commentator Fereydoun Khavand says that the more than 10 percent of Airbus jets made by GE is covered by US sanctions. Due to more stringent enforcement of the sanctions, Iran Air also lost its link to the international flight booking system and will soon lose its right to a US-made software it uses to track bookings internally. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) Caspian Sea Working Group Meets in Tehran * Deputy foreign ministers of the Caspian Sea littoral countries meet in Tehran for their seventh working group meeting to discuss pollution, fishing and the legal regime. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) Planning and Management Appointees Oppose Free Markets * New appointees to high-level positions at the management and program organization (formerly budget and management organization) reflect the statist economic policies of its head Mohammad Satari-far. One such appointee is Hossein Azimi who heads the organization's newly combined higher education and research institutes. Azimi is famous for his strong support for government-controlled economy and his book, "Phases of Underdevelopment in Iran" reflects Algerian socialism of the 1970's more than Khatami government's third five-year economic development plan, which calls for privatization and shrinking government's role. (Fereydoun Khavand) WORLD * Israeli foreign minister Shimon Peres to prepare the framework of peace negotiations with Palestinians. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Peres meets President Chirac in Paris. (Jean Khakzad, Paris) * In advance of elections in Kashmir, Secretary Powel urges India and Pakistan to reduce tensions. (Shahran Tabari) * Mohammad Shahab Hakimi, director of Afghanistan's anti-landmine program tells RFE/RL that his country's joining the international treaty to ban landmines would cause neighboring Iran and Pakistan to consider joining too. (Golnaz Esfandiari) * Italy busts an al-Qaeda print shop of fake documents. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * Turkish parliament meets to vote on early elections. (Jamshid Zand) * Russian jetliner's crash kills all 14 crewmembers onboard. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow) * International conference on human smuggling in Rome. (Ahmad Ra'fat, Rome) * UNICEF's report on human smuggling in Europe. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) * The Graduates writer Charles Webb and his wife Fred give away all their income from writing and art in order to live a life of poverty. (Shahran Tabari) * Bushehr nuclear power plant has become the subject of debate in Washington and Tel Aviv over whether the plant should be allowed to come on line as scheduled in the next two or three years, writes the Washington Post. (Homayoun Majd, Washington) * British MP Minus Campbell, Liberal Democrat, tells RFE/RL that US-UK attack on Iraq would destabilize the region. (Shahran Tabari, London) * Uday Hussein, Saddam's son, warns Arab countries against cooperating with the US. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo) * Sudanese opposition parties welcome the surprise meeting between President Omar el Bashir and John Garang, leader of the Kenya-based Sudanese People's Liberation Army. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo) * Bamboo cultivation in Indonesia. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) ARTS AND IDEAS Songs and Song Makers: Veteran composer Babak Bayat * Veteran composer Babak Bayat who scored more than 90 movies before and after the revolution and along with singer Dariush and songwriter Janati-Atai was responsible for many pre-revolutionary pop songs, tells RFE/RL about his 30 years in music. (Mahmud Khoshnam) One Book, One Author: "From Morning to Night" * Kian Katouzian, author of "From Morning to Night," tells RFE/RL that the book is moments of Iran's contemporary history which took place in her house and around her husband, Paris-based leftist writer and political activist Ali Asghar Haj-Seyyed-Javadi. The book, which was published in Europe, recently came out in Iran in an edited form and is among the few books about the first years after the 1979 revolution written by an opponent of the Islamic Republic that is being printed in Iran. (Bahman Bastani)

كمال خرازي، وزير امورخارجه جمهوري اسلامي، ديدار يك روزه هاويه سولانا، مسئول روابط خارجي اتحاديه اروپا از ايران را مثبت توصيف كرد. ولي سولانا توضيح داد كه موضع اتحاديه اروپا در قبال ايران با موضع آمريكا تفاوت چنداني ندارد، به جز اينكه اتحاديه اروپا از عبارت محور شرارت استفاده نمي كند. سولانا هرگونه گسترش روابط اتحاديه اروپا با جمهوري اسلامي را صريحا به تحقق شرايط چهارگانه اي موكول كرد كه نشان مي دهد تحول چشمگيري در روابط دو طرف روي نداده است. شرايط چهارگانه اتحاديه اروپا عبارتند از: تعهد عملي به حراست از حقوق اساسي و حقوق بشر، پيوستن عملي به معاهدات بين المللي منع گسترش سلاح هاي كشتار انبوه و اجازه بازرسي بين المللي، اجراي به قطعنامه 1373 شوراي امنيت سازمان ملل در باره تروريسم و ديگر قراردادهاي بين المللي در اين زمينه، به رسميت شناختن موجوديت مستقل اسرائيل و پرهيز از اخلال در روند صلح خاورميانه. اظهارات سولانا در تهران حاكي است كه اتحاديه اروپا نيز از دولت اصلاحگراي محمدخاتمي دلسرد مي شود.