جمشيد زند، مصاحبه با صادق زيبا كلام (تهران)
Summary of Today's BroadcastRFE/RL Persian ServiceTuesday, August 13, 2002
- Reformists criticize Khatami's lack of strategy
- Khatami's Kabul trip
- US on Iran's transfer of al-Qaeda fugitives
- Tehran policy on US Intervention in Iraq
- Jail Examines Zarafshan's capacity to receive lashes
- Heavy rain and flooding in Golestan province
- Tehran traffic
- Iran-Afghanistan economic relations
Reformists Begin Criticizing Khatami
* Criticism of the reformist government can now be heard from pro-Khatami MPs and other reformists in and out of the government. The latest critic was reformist MP Hasan Ansar-Rad, head of the Majles constitutional rights committee, who said yesterday that the executive branch under Khatami lacks planning and strategy. Tehran University political science professor Sadeq Zabakalam says criticism of the government by the conservatives is natural and expected, but the executive branch has become even more inefficient since Khatami's election, and unfortunately, instead of self criticism, the reformists are passing the blame to each other, whereas the reformist MPs, such Asnsar Rad, are just as guilty as Khatami cabinet and the entire reformist camp for lack of planning and strategy. It is true that a hidden government, a shadow government, makes all key decisions in important matters such as Iran-US relations, but the reformists have done little to change the situation. (Jamshid Zand)
Khatami's Kabul Trip
* In a speech during his visit to Kabul today, a first visit by a top level Iranian official to Afghanistan in more than 40 years, President Khatami said the countries with more power have greater responsibility for establishing peace in the world. (Bershina Nazari, Kabul)
US Reaction to Iran's Transfer of al-Qaeda Fugitives to Saudi Arabia
* The US State Department spokesman said US was aware that Iran handed over 16 al-Qaeda terrorists to Saudi Arabia. He said US finds any involvement by Iran in the fight against terrorism a positive move. He repeated President Bush's July 12 statement that a moderate and more tolerant Iran would find no better friend in the world than the US. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
Floods Kill 16 in the Golestan Province
* Flooding in several towns of the Caspian province of Golestan kills 16 and leaves thousands homeless. Abolqasem Safavi, director of the regional disaster relief agency tells RFE/RL that precautions taken this year limited the fatality and damage of the floods adding that relief helicopters rescued tourists stranded by flooding. (Jamshid Zand)
Tehran Policy on US Military Intervention in Iraq
* The Tehran regime sees establishment of a democratic regime in Iraq a potential threat, writes Time. (Fariba Mavedat, London)
Zarafshan Receives Medical Examination in Jail
* To judge his physical capacity to endure 5 years in jail and 50 lashes, convicted lawyer Naser Zarafshan was taken to the Imam Khomeini hospital for a check up. Zarafshan, who represented the family of Mohammad Mokhtari, a victim of the 1998 serial killings of dissidents by intelligence ministry officers, began a five-year jail term last Thursday for revealing government secrets and alcohol and gun possession. His lawyer, Mohammd-Ali Jedari-Forughi says Zarafshan will soon be transferred to the Evin prison. He tells RFE/RL that the Majles constitutional rights committee is due to take up his client's case next week. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian)
Tehran Traffic and Cultural Attitudes
* Director of the Tehran traffic and transportation organization said Tehran residents' habitual disregard for traffic rules has reached a disastrous level. Tehran-based journalist Labin Alizadeh tells RFE/RL that the real reason for the heavy congestion and slow traffic in Tehran is cultural. (Mahmonir Rahimi)
Sensitive Economic Issues in Iran-Afghanistan Talks
* Economic cooperation is a high priority in today's talks between governments of Iran and Afghanistan, as Iran seeks to play an important role in Afghan reconstruction process. Iran's non-oil exports to Afghanistan reached $10 million last month. The Khatami government faces opposition in the Majles against its planned $560 million reconstruction aid to Afghanistan, but Khatami assures his Afghan hosts today that his government would not renege on its promised aid to Afghanistan. Another sensitive issue in today's talks is Iran's recent pressure for a quick repatriation of Afghan refugees. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris)
ARTS AND IDEAS
Daily Internet Report
* 4rah.org, a cultural website, invites entries by Iranian youth in and out of the country, and the youth from Persian-speaking Central Asian countries. (Behnam Nateghi, New York)
Daily Medical Advice (Dr. Mansur Moslehi, Los Angeles)
Daily Book Review: Samanian
* RFE/RL's Tehran-based book critic Kamran Fani reviews "Samanian," from the series "What Do I Know About Iran."
US-Backed 1953 Removal of Mosaddeq by the Shah
* In a new RFE/RL series, Oxford University professor Homayoun Katouzian discusses the events of 1941-1953 which led to the Shah's US-backed removal of the populist prime minister Mohammad Mossadeq who led the movement to nationalize Iran's oil industry.
Today in History (Gholamhossein Mirzasaleh, Tehran)
Asian Brown Cloud
* The result of a UN-sponsored study performed by 200 scientists from around the world, shows that pollution is responsible for 500,000 premature deaths annually in India. The study warns that the impact of pollution could be global because prevailing winds would push pollution the so-called Asian Brown Cloud halfway around the world. The report is for submission the World Summit on Sustainable Development, due to open on August 26 in Johannesburg, South Africa. (Fatemeh Aman, Washington)
Civil Society and Human Rights: The Role of Guardians Council
* Washington-based lawyer and human rights activist Mehrangiz Kar examines the role played by the conservative Guardians Council in Iran's internal political crisis.
London Critics Praise Iranian-born Stand-up Comic Jalili
* Omid Jalili, Iranian-born comic, whose new stand-up routine about an Iranian's experience in the post-September 11 Britain receives high praise from critics in all major British newspapers, tells RFE/RL that the routine draws from his years of living in the west as an Iranian. (Shahran Tabari, London)
Song: Dance of Life
* RFE/RL's music critic Mahmud Khoshnam discusses the old song "Dance of Life" performed by the 1960's singer Minu Javan with music by her late husband composer Iraj Golsorkhi.
* Los Angeles DJ Afshin Gorin spins the latest Persian pop tunes.
Love Stories From the Shahnameh: Bijan and Manijeh
* Saddredin Elahi begins recitation of the Bijan and Manijeh love story, based on Ferdowsi's epic the Shahnameh.
* Rain and flooding in Prague. (Ardavan Niknam)
* Rain and flooding across Central Europe. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne)
* RFE/RL's reporter Fereydoun Zarnegar, who is stranded in Dresden due to flooding, gives an eye-witness report. (Nazi Azima)
* To protect their income levels, OPEC countries can either increase production and preserve their market share, or they can lower their production ceiling to allow prices to rise, writes Moscow's Commersant newspaper. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
* Saudi Arabia refuses to turn over its al-Qaeda detaintees to the US. (Farideh Rahbar, Cairo)
* Iraq considers mission of the UN weapons inspectors finished, says information minister. (Jamshid Chalangi, Cairo)
* A public opinion poll shows a majority of Americans support US military intervention in Iraq. (Homayoun Majd, Washington)
* Families of the victims of the Russian submarine that exploded two years ago near Norway protest against the results of government investigation. (Mani Kasravi, Moscow)
انتقاد از قوه مجريه و رئيس جمهوري اسلامي كه پيش از اين فقط از محافظه كاران شنيده مي شد، اين روز ها از ناحيه اصلاح طلبان در داخل و خارج حكومت نيز شنيده مي شود. حجت الاسلام انصاري راد، رئيس كميسيون اصل 90 مجلس، ضعف مديريت در برنامه ريزي كلان كشور را يكي از ناكارائي هاي قوه مجريه توصيف كرد. صادق زيبا كلام، استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران و تحليلگر اصلاح طلب مسائل داخل كشور، در مصاحبه با راديوآزادي مي گويد واقعيت مطلب اين است كه مخالفت محافظه كاران با اصلاحات و جريان اصلاح طلبي، امري طبيعي و بديهي مي بود اما قوه مجريه ما بعد از دوم خرداد، ناكار آمدتر شده است. مشكل اساسي اين است كه متاسفانه اصلاح طلبان هم درست عين محافظه كاران به جاي قبول مسئوليت و انتقاد از خود مسئوليت را به ديگري پاس مي دهند و انتقاد انصاري راد، متوجه نمايندگان اصلاح طلب مجلس نيز هست. اصلاح طلبان در دولت و مجلس، طرح و برنامه و استراتژي براي جلو بردن اصلاحات نداشتند. وي مي افزايد سياست هاي سرنوشت ساز كشور را يك دولت پنهان تعيين مي كند. اما در مواجهه با اين دولت پنهان، اصلاح طلبان جز شكايت نتوانستند كاري انجام دهند.