لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۳۰ آبان ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۲۰:۱۷

جمهوري اسلامي با رد پيشنهاد آمريكا براي اعزام هيات بلندپايه، فرصت ديگري براي پايان دادن به انزواي جهاني ايران را از دست داد

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Summary of Iran Stories in Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiSunday, January 04, 2004 <b>Intelligence Minister Urges US to Accept Regime as Reality of Iran</b> • The US government has never accepted the reality of the Islamic Republic, intelligence minister Ali Yunessi said on Saturday, explaining the reason Iran rejected the trip of a high-level US humanitarian delegation headed by former head of the US Red Cross Senator Elizabeth Dole. The current US government has always tried to weaken and overthrow the Islamic Republic, Yunessi said, adding that the US has classified Iran among the ‘axis of evil.&apos; He said as “concrete proof” of renouncing hostility to the Islamic Regime, the US can extradite to Iran members of the Iraq-based anti-regime group the Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO), and stop radio TV broadcasts of <b>Radio Farda</b> and Voice of America, which he said were aimed at weakening the Islamic regime. • In fact, the Islamic Republic is asking the US to do all it can to preserve a dying regime, a regime that has lost its popular support and legitimacy, and has found itself in the same conditions that the Shah&apos;s government was in the years before the revolution, Los Angeles-based political activist <b>Mohsen Nezhad</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. • Nobody explained to the people why secret negotiations with the US took place in Geneva, and why they were abandoned, reformist Tehran daily <i>Aftab-e Yazd</i> writes. Also, the authorities gave no explanation for accepting the US offer of help, and then rejecting the US proposal to send a high-level mission, it adds. The Americans have announced that Iran&apos;s rejection has not disappointed them, and they hope to arrange for the visit later, writes reformist daily <i>Shargh</i>. (Amir Armin) • The US medical relief team continues helping earthquake victims in Bam. Today, US doctors performed five surgeries and delivered four babies. Twelve tent hospitals have been erected in Bam for foreign medical relief teams. Two Chicago-based Bam-born Iranian-Americans help out in the US tents. (Masoud Malek) • Nobody burns US flags that wave above the US tents in Bam, writes the German daily <i>Frankfurter Allgemeine</i> (Parviz Farhang, Cologne) • US Iranians say until a democratic government replaces the current regime they cannot be happy about improvements in US-Iran relations. Opponents of the Islamic regime believe that closer ties with the US will reinforce the regime, Los Angeles-based writer Homa Sarshar tells the Associated Press. (Leyli Arman) • The US assured Saddam Hussein of support during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, after he used chemical weapons against the Iranian army, according to declassified documents printed by the Arabic London daily <i>Asharq-ol-Awsat</i>. (Ali Sajjadi) • The positive move of the US requires a positive response from the foreign ministry, Tehran MP Meysam Saidi, member of the Majles foreign relations and national security committee said. (Amin Armin) • The time is not ripe for the visit of the US mission led by Senator Elizabeth Dole, foreign ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said. “If a dominant view emerges in the US administration to bring down the wall of mistrust, then a new situation will develop and we can talk,” he added. “It&apos;s not yet clear if there is a will on the part of the Americans,” Asefi said.” Asefi praised the 90-day lifting of some U.S. sanctions against Iran and said permanent lifting could be one of the practical changes Iran has been waiting for. (Shireen Famili) • One has to ignore Iran&apos;s temporary rejection of the US proposed high-level mission to Iran, as President Bush did, because the news of possible US-Iran rapprochement worries Syrian President Bashar Asad, who would find himself more isolated, and the Saudi Arabian rulers, on whose oil the US would no longer depend, writes Italian daily <i>Il Riformista</i>. (Ahmad Ra&apos;fat, Rome) • The US should continue to try to engage Iran, but do so in such a way that does not prop up the Islamic regime, former crown prince Reza Pahlavi in an interview on Fox News Sunday. "Engagement and dialogue is much better than containment and isolation," said Mr. Pahlavi. “What is important for the people of Iran, however, is, after so many years of suffering, they would love to see the international community, for a change, shift their focus on them [their aspirations], rather than trying to cut a deal with the current regime,” Mr. Pahlavi added. (Behruz Nikzat) • <b> Iran Loses another Chance to End International Isolation, Reformists Warn</b> • Iran is about to miss yet another opportunity to end its international isolation, warn reformists in reaction to the country&apos;s lukewarm response to overtures by the US stemming from American assistance for the Bam earthquake victims, reports Neil MacFarquhar of the <i>New York Times</i>. (Farin Asemi) <b>Aftermath of Bam Earthquake</b> • Eight days after the earthquake that killed nearly a quarter of Bam&apos;s 200,000 population and leveled 90 percent of the city, a 97-year-old woman was pulled alive from under the rubble by rescue teams. Deputy director of Bam&apos;s department of education said some schools will begin work on Monday. In Tehran, several cabinet ministers and commanders of the army and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corp reviewed the needs of the earthquake victims. Since open skies had been declared, 205 planes with supplies for the victims donated by 50 countries have landed in Iran, the civil aviation organization announced. (Amir Armin) • The emergency response headquarters decided to replace rescue and relief teams on the ground in Bam with new forces to carry out construction and rebuilding projects. (Leyli Sadr) • The collecting and distribution of donations have been centralized in the hands of a government agency in order to end the disorder of last week, Kermani businessman <b>Nasrollah Arefi</b> who visited Bam as a relief volunteer soon after the earthquake, tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. No government or private organization can do justice to a place where 200,000 lived, and 60,000 to 80,000 of them went under the rubble, where nothing has been left for the survivors, he says. The rush to Bam from surrounding villages and towns also complicated he relief work, he adds. (Shireen Famili) • Lack of sniffer dogs and equipment to detect survivors under ground, and lack of proper air transportation were the main problems of the Iran&apos;s Red Crescent Society, said the society&apos;s head Ahmad-Ali Nourbala. Mismanagement caused many of essential goods not to be distributed justly among the needy, he added. (Amir Armin) • The total damage of the earthquake to the city of Bam and its people was calculated at 5 trillion rials, which is close to the figure discussed at today&apos;s cabinet meeting, Kermani journalist <b>Mohammad Sadeq Taheri</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) • More than 1,330 of 2,650 registered Afghan refugees in Bam died in last Friday&apos;s earthquake, head of the interior ministry&apos;s foreign nationals office Ahmad Hosseini said. (Amir Armin) • One-hundred-forty were arrested in Bam on charges of robbery, the head of the Kerman judiciary said. (Amir Armin) <b>Ex-Pat Iranians Help Earthquake Victims</b> • We ask all Iranians living abroad to send their cash donations to the account opened for this purpose in Paris by the Iranian society for defense of human rights, Nobel Peace Prize winner <b>Shirin Ebadi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The money will be transferred to an account under her control in Iran, which, depending on the amount raised, will be used for projects to help women and children in Bam. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) • By forming a committee in the house of a Bam-born man who has lost many of his relatives in the earthquake, Iranians in Norway began to collect funds to help Bam earthquake victims, <b>Rahman Safi</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b> from Oslo. We were concerned that the funds given to the Red Cross do not reach the earthquake victims, because the Red Cross gives them to the Iran&apos;s Red Crescent Society, he adds. So, the donations of Norway Iranians will be given to the known Iranian personalities who we trust will spend it on the earthquake victims, he says. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) • The Maryland-based charity Children of Iran has begun collecting funds to provide for the short term and long term needs of Bam children, including help for building schools and providing assistance in rebuilding the city, particularly the city&apos;s ruined sewage system, head of Children of Iran <b>Brian Eliner</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Mahdieh Javid) • Iranian students printed posters urging Canadians to help the victims of the Bam earthquake through Canada&apos;s Red Cross, student activist <b>Nazli Kamvari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. The Red Cross officials said because of those posters, they saw a surge in donations, she adds, noting the monies raised in Canada will be given to Iran&apos;s Red Crescent Society. (Maryam Aghvami) <b>Government Disqualifies Hundreds of Election Candidacy Applicants</b> • The interior ministry&apos;s election executive committees in Tehran and other provinces disqualified hundreds of applicants for candidacy in the February 20 Majles elections, before the Guardians Council began its vetting process. Among those rejected are nearly all members of the nationalist opposition party the Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI), and at least 15 Majles MPs. In reaction, President Khatami&apos;s government replaced two provincial governors, who oversaw the election committees. In a letter to the election executive committees, Khatami warned against denying citizens their right to stand for election. Many disqualifications were the result of opinions sent by the intelligence ministry to the interior ministry, MP Jafar Golbaz, member of the Majles foreign relations and national security committee, said. Many of the responses given by the intelligence ministry were background information, intelligence minister Ali Yunessi said Saturday in a press conference. The intelligence ministry reported on members of this and that cult, who consider themselves qualified, or, this and that subversive element, or a foreign spy who considers himself qualified to become a Majles MP. (Keyvan Hosseini) • The conservatives believe that they would have a better chance at winning in the elections if less people vote, the reformists believe the opposite, former deputy interior minister Mostafa Tajzadeh said. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) <b>Intelligence Ministry Probes Relations Kidnappers Relation with al-Qaeda</b> • Iran has begun investigating the connection between the kidnappers of three European tourists and al-Qaeda, intelligence minister Ali Yunessi said. An Italian and two German tourists, who were kidnapped on the Bam-Zahedan highway last months, were released last week by their captors, who were said to have escaped to Pakistan. It was announced that no ransom was paid to the kidnappers. (Jamshid Zand) <b>Japan Foreign Minister to Visit Iran</b> • Iran&apos;s nuclear program and ways to help earthquake victims will be the topics on the agenda in the Monday visit to Iran by the Japanese foreign minister. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) <b>Turkey to Build 800 Homes in Bam</b> • Deputy Turkish prime minister Mohammad-Ali Shahin, who visited Bam today, said Turkey will ship 800 pre-fabricated houses to Bam. Turkey has already erected 150 tents to shelter earthquake victims, the head of Turkey&apos;s Red Crescent Society said. (Jean Khakzad) <b>1000 Students and Professors Protest Continued Detention of Religious-Nationalist Activists</b> • More than 1000 university professors, students and political activists signed a letter protesting the continued detention of three nationalist-religious coalition activists: Hoda Saber, Taqi Rahmani and Reza Alijani, reported state-run Iran Labor News Agency (ILNA). (Jean Khakzad) <b>MPs Criticize Government&apos;s High Oil Income Projections</b> • Iraq&apos;s return to the world oil market, the rise in production of non-OPEC oil producing countries and the resolution of internal problems in Venezuela would bring down oil prices in the coming year, member of the Majles energy committee Abdollah Sohrabi said, criticizing as unrealistic the $22 per barrel that the government projected in the budget bill as the average price of crude sold in the 2004-5 fiscal year. (Arash Qavidel, Tehran) <b>Labor Protests Insurance Bill Provisions</b> • In a statement, the association of workers&apos; Islamic councils asked the Guardians Council to reject a provision of the new labor insurance bill that bans investigation of workplaces in search of uninsured workers. According to the new bill, the social security organization can only investigate a workplace if a worker complains about lack of insurance, and the investigation will be limited only to the complainant, secretary of the association <b>Alireza Heydari</b> tells <b>Radio Farda</b>. (Fereydoun Zarnegar) <b>Ayatollah Khomeini&apos;s Grandson Returns Home</b> • After spending several months in Iraq and the US, Hossein Khomeini, grandson of the founder of the Islamic revolution, returned to his family. The special court for the clergy summoned him for the many interviews he gave to world press calling for regime change in Iran, the London Arabic daily <i>Asharq-ol-Awsat</i> reported. (Ali Sajjadi) . ژان خاكزاد (راديوفردا): اصلاح طلبان در ايران معتقد هستند اين كشور با رد دعوت ايالات متحده براي فرستادن نماينده اي به ايران، و ارزيابي نيازهاي آينده امدادگران آمريكائي در بم، و كمك به توزيع كالاهاي اهدائي، فرصت ديگري براي پايان دادن به انزواي بين المللي خود را از دست داد. نيويورك تايمز در اين باره مقاله اي دارد كه برگردان آن از راديوفردا پخش مي شود. فرين عاصمي (راديوفردا): پاسخ نه چندان گرم ايران به كمك ايالات متحده به قربانيان زلزله بم موجب گسترش بحث بر سر روابط جمهوري اسلامي با دشمن قديمي اش شد. نيويورك تايمز مي نويسد تندروهاي جمهوري اسلامي كه هميشه روابط خصمانه خود با واشنگتن را به منزله ستون انقلاب اسلامي مي دانستند، بيانيه آمريكا در باره قربانيان زلزله بم را به عنوان حيله اي از سوي شيطان بزرگ تلقي كردند. اين درحالي است كه اصلاح طلبان معتقد هستند ايران بارديگر فرصتي براي پايان دادن به انزواي بين المللي خود را از دست داد. جرج بوش، رئيس جمهوري آمريكا، در همين حال، انتظارات خود از تهران را تكرار كرد و در عين حال وعده داد كمك ها به قربانيان زلزله بم را افزايش دهد. اما بحث و مناظره در ايران بر سر انتخابات مجلس شوراي اسلامي كه شش هفته ديگر برگزار خواهد شد به مهم ترين مسئله در ايران تبديل شده است. به گزارش روزنامه نيويورك تايمز، الهه كولائي يك عضو اصلاح طلب كميسيون روابط خارجي مجلس شوراي اسلامي مي گويد تصور مي كنم حادثه آمادگي آمريكا براي افزايش كمك به زلزله زدگان بم فرصتي بود براي رسيدن به روابطي صميمانه بين ايران و آمريكا. به نظر مي آيد كه نپذيرفتن كمك به سود منافع ملي ما باشد. روز جمعه ايران پيشنهاد واشنگتن براي فرستادن نماينده اي براي ارزيابي نيازهاي آينده امدادگران آمريكائي در بم و نيز كمك به توزيع كالاهاي اهدائي به بم را رد كرد. مقامات واشنگتن اعلام كردند ايران گفته است شرايط دشوار در بم دليل نپذيرفتن نماينده ايالات متحده است. با اين حال تهران اقدامي براي ديدارهاي آينده انجام نداده است. محافظه كاران جمهوري اسلامي بلافاصله پيشنهاد ايالات متحده براي آغاز گفتگو را رد كردند و به مقامات ايراني كه از اين پيشنهاد استقبال كرده بودند، حمله كردند. حدود 81 امدادگر آمريكائي به بم اعزام شده اند تا بيمارستان صحرائي برپا كنند و خسارات وارده را برآورد كنند. در عين حال، برخي تحريم هاي اقتصادي لغو شد تا ايرانيان مقيم آمريكا بتوانند كمك هاي مالي خود را به ايران بفرستند. روزنامه جمهوري اسلامي كه به آيت الله خامنه اي، رهبر جمهوري اسلامي نزديك است، در سرمقاله خود نوشت اگر مقامات جمهوري اسلامي به از سر گيري روابط با ايالات متحده علاقمند هستند، نبايد اشتياق خود را نشان دهند و بايد طوري رفتاركنند كه طرف مقابل موضع قدرت خود را رها كند. به نوشته نيويورك تايمز، تحليلگران ايراني، معتقد هستند احتمالا زمان پيشنهاد آمريكا منجر به رد آن از سوي جمهوري اسلامي شد. هفته آينده شوراي نگهبان قصد دارد نام هزاران داوطلب نمايندگي مجلس شوراي اسلامي را كه براي شركت در انتخابات اول اسفند صلاحيت دارند، را اعلام كند. اصلاح طلبان چهار سال پيش در انتخابات مجلس پيروز شدند اما محافظه كاران اميدوار هستند امسال مجلس را از آنان پس بگيرند. سال گذشته در انتخابات شوراي شهر، راي دهندگان به نشانه اعتراض به ركود اقتصادي ونبود تغييرات سياسي به پاي صندوق هاي راي نرفتند و در خانه هاي خود ماندند. به اين ترتيب محافظه كاران بر شوراهاي شهر تسلط پيدا كردند. تحليلگران معتقد هستند آنان انتظار دارند همين اتفاق نيز در انتخابات مجلس شوراي اسلامي رخ دهد و براي رسيدن به آن حاضر به انجام هركاري هستند. صادق زيبا كلام استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران گفت به نظر من محافظه كاران توان تغييري چنين ناگهاني را در مواضع خود ندارند. اگر روابط ايران با آمريكا بهبود يابد، به منزله كنار گذاشتن عقايد و اصول اساسي انقلاب اسلامي است اما اگر باب مذاكره با آمريكا بسته شود، راي دهندگان احتمالا آنها را سرزنش خواهند كرد. عموم ايرانيان از ارتباط با آمريكا استقبال خواهند كرد. تحريم هاي اقتصادي مانع پيشرفت اقتصادي ايران خواهد شد و سرمايه گذاري هاي خارجي و دسترسي به تجهيزات مدرن مثل هواپيما و كامپيوتر نيز در اين كشور محدود خواهد شد. داود هرميداس باوند، استاد علوم سياسي دانشگاه تهران نيز معتقد است ايرانيان احساس مي كنند اين فرصت جديدي است كه مي تواند به جلب سرمايه وحل مشكلات طولاني مدت بين دوكشور بيانجامد. يك مقام دولتي ايران گفت آمريكائي ها هميشه ايران را متهم به ممانعت از بهبود روابط مي كنند. يك روزنامه اصلاح طلب با ابراز شگفتي از نمونه هاي تكراري در روابط ايران و آمريكا، آن را با افسانه ايراني ويس و رامين مقايسه مي كند كه پيوسته براي رسيدن به يكديگر تلاش مي كنند وبعد شكست مي خورند. روزنامه ياس نو در سرمقاله اي نوشت سناريوي ويس و رامين در طول 25 سال گذشته مرتبا تكرار مي شود و در تمام اين سالها هيچ يك از دو كشور قادر به حذف ديگري از روياها يا نقشه هاي آينده خود نبوده است. اصلاح طلبان در ايران معتقد هستند جمهوري اسلامي با رد دعوت ايالات متحده براي فرستادن نماينده اي به ايران، و ارزيابي نيازهاي آينده امدادگران آمريكائي در بم، و كمك به توزيع كالاهاي اهدائي، فرصت ديگري براي پايان دادن به انزواي بين المللي خود را از دست داد. نيويورك تايمز مي نويسد تندروهاي جمهوري اسلامي كه هميشه روابط خصمانه خود با واشنگتن را به منزله ستون انقلاب اسلامي مي دانستند، بيانيه آمريكا در باره قربانيان زلزله بم را به عنوان حيله اي از سوي شيطان بزرگ تلقي كردند. روزنامه متعلق به رهبر جمهوري اسلامي نوشت مقامات جمهوري اسلامي نبايد اشتياق خود به از سر گيري روابط با آمريكا را نشان دهند و بايد طوري رفتاركنند كه طرف مقابل موضع قدرت خود را رها كند. صادق زيبا كلام استاد دانشگاه تهران گفت بهبود روابط با آمريكا به منزله كنار گذاشتن عقايد و اصول اساسي انقلاب اسلامي است اما اگر باب مذاكره با آمريكا بسته شود، راي دهندگان احتمالا محافظه كاران را سرزنش خواهند كرد، زيرا عموم ايرانيان از ارتباط با آمريكا استقبال خواهند كرد.