لینک‌های قابلیت دسترسی

سه شنبه ۳۰ آبان ۱۳۹۶ تهران ۰۵:۲۸

واكنش ملايم مقامات آمريكا در باره جمهوري اسلامي از ديد يك تحليلگر آمريكايي

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Summary of the Iran Stories of Today&apos;s BroadcastsBehnam NateghiThursday, February 20, 2003 <b>US Calls Iranian-backed Forces in Iraq Destabilizing</b> * The US said it regards the presence of the Iranian-backed Badr brigade in northern Iraq "destabilizing." State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said if yesterday&apos;s report in the Financial Times were true, it would be a source of concern for the US. The Badr brigade, which was set up, trained and equipped by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), is nominally under Iraqi Shiite leader Ayatollah Mohammad-Baqer Hakim, who is stationed in Tehran. "We would oppose any Iranian presence in northern Iraq. It would be a very serious and destabilizing development," Boucher said. (Ali Sajjadi) * Sami Mehdi, an aid to Ayatollah Mohammad-Baqer Hakim denied the deployment of the 5,000-man Badr brigade to Iraqi Kurdistan, in an interview with Christiana Hoffman, the Frankfurter Allgemeine reporter in Tehran. (Shahram Mirian, Cologne) <b>US Acknowledges the Islamic Regime as a Form of Democracy</b> * US State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher confirmed the characterization of Iran as a democracy by US Undersecretary of State Richard Armitage. Mr. Boucher said yesterday that there are elections in Iran and a certain amount of freedom of speech does exist. Armitage had said in an interview with <i>the Los Angeles Times</i>. that the Bush administration distinguishes between Iran and the other two "axis of evil" nations. (Nazi Azima) * Columbia University&apos;s professor Gary Sick tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that has nothing in common with North Korea, and is way behind North Korea in the development of its nuclear weapons program. He says Iran is not a democracy, but it certainly has a number of democratic forms and democratic tendencies that are quite remarkable for the Middle East. He says while the elections in Iran are not entirely free, but they are freer than other Middle East countries. He says freedom of expression is limited in Iran, but not as limited as in a other countries, such as Saudi Arabia. He adds it is useful for the US government to officially acknowledge that fact that Iran is in a separate category. Mr. Sick says the US administration has realized that if they do in fact go into a conflict with Iraq, they rather keep Iran quiet. He says he would expect the administration&apos;s position on Iran would change after the conflict with Iraq. (Ardavan Niknam) <b>302 IRGC Members Die in Plane Crash near Kerman</b> * More than 302 IRGC elements, including some senior commanders, died in the crash Wednesday near Kerman of a Russian-made Illyushin plane owned and operated by the IRGC&apos;s airborne division. (Bijan Farhoodi, Ali Sajjadi) * The victims were members of a unit of the IRGC called Sarollah, who were returning to Tehran after a trip to Zahedan to arrange for the Supreme Leader&apos;s upcoming visit to that city. The crash disrupted arrangements for the Ghadir-e Khom Shiite holiday in Kerman where a three-day official morning period began. (Siavash Ardalan) * Tehran-based transportation expert Masud Mohajer tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that since the Russia-made plane was owned and operated by the IRGC, Iran&apos;s civil aviation authority had no control over its safety. (Nazi Azima) * The crash of IRGC plane near Kerman once again highlighted the safety problem of Iran&apos;s Russian-made fleet, which is a result of the US economic sanctions. (Fereydoun Khavand, Paris) <b>Supreme Leader&apos;s Critic Mohsen Sazegara in Jail</b> * Dr. Shohiela Hamidnia, wife of Mohsen Sazegara, the vocal critic of the Supreme Leader, who was arrested two days ago, tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that an official at the Tehran&apos;s Evin prison denied that her husband was taken there. She says Sazegara, may have not known where he had been taken when he spoke to her briefly on the phone the night before, since he had blindfolds on. Mohsen Sazegara, a founder of the IRGC and the publisher of a series of banned pro-Khatami newspapers, had recently turned into a vocal critic of the Supreme Leader. He was arrested after calling for a constitutional reform to end the absolute rule of the Shiite clerics in article he posted on his website www.alliran.com. (Siavash Ardalan) * Reporters sans Frontiers called for the immediate release of Mohsen Sazegara and 9 other journalists. (Ali Sajjadi) <b>Iran Prevents Journalists from Contacting UN Human Rights Delegation</b> * Tehran-based journalists Shayan Jaberi tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the authorities prevented any contact between the UN human rights delegation, who are in Iran on a 12-day fact finding mission and the domestic press. He says the delegation visit was tightly controlled and only the members of the Majles complaints committee who met with the delegation gave some information about the delegation&apos;s contacts with political prisoners. (Ardavan Niknam) <b>Judiciary Executes a 24-Year Old for Aiding Kurdish Rebels</b> * The judiciary executed Sassan Ale-Kan&apos;an, 24, yesterday in Sanandaj on charges of aiding the Komeleh Kurdish rebels. Paris-based human rights advocate Abdolkarim Lahiji tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that the young man&apos;s name was on the list of prisoners in critical condition submitted to the UN human rights commission&apos;s prison investigators, who are in Iran on a 12-day fact-finding mission. He adds that the Islamic regime prevented the UN human rights delegation from visiting Kurdistan jails. (Amir-Mosaddegh Katouzian) <b>Iran Calls New Nuclear Installations Purely Peaceful</b> * On the eve of the visit to Iran by the International Atomic Energy Agency chief Muhammad Elbaradei to Iran, Iran announced that the purpose of the two new nuclear installations in Natanz and Arak is to make Iran independent in production of atomic fuel for the Bushehr nuclear power plant, rejecting US charges that the two facilities can be used to produce nuclear weapons. Iran is a party to the international non-proliferation treaty. IAEA seeks to sign a new protocol with Iran that would allow unannounced inspection of all nuclear facilities. (Leyli Sadr) * Glasgow University&apos;s international relations professor Reza Taqizadeh tells <b>Radio Farda</b> that Elbaradei&apos;s trip may result in signing a new protocol that would allow unannounced inspections. He adds that to calm international concerns, Iran may refrain from testing the Shahab IV missile. Iran&apos;s Shahab III missile, which has been tested successfully, has a range of 800 kilometers, he adds. (Shahran Tabari, London) . مقامات دولت آمريكا در اظهار نظرهاي اخير خود با لحن ملايم تري درباره جمهوري اسلامي سخن گفته اند. ريچارد باوچر سخنگوي وزارت امور خارجه بار ديگر بر گفته هاي قائم مقام وزارت امورخارجه آمريكا كه گفته بود در ايران نشانه هاي دموكراسي ديده مي شود، تاكيد كرد. گري سيك، كارشناس امور ايران در مركز مطالعات خاورميانه دانشگاه كلمبيا، در مصاحبه با راديو فردا مي گويد: ايران در تلاش براي دستيابي به سلاح اتمي از كره شمالي بسيار عقب تر است. وي مي افزايد: ايران يك كشور دموكراتيك نيست اما شكل ها و گرايش هاي دموكراسي در آن ديده مي شود.، كشورهاي منطقه آزادتر است. آزادي بيان دچار محدوديت است اما بسيار بيشتر از كشوري مانند عربستان سعودي است. بنابراين براي دولت آمريكا سودمند است كه تصديق كند ايران جايگاه متفاوتي دارد. وي مي افزايد: نرمش دولت آمريكا يك ملاحظه تاكتيكي است. چون اگر آمريكا با عراق درگير شود نقش ايران اهميت دارد. وي مي افزايد: ملايمت لحن آمريكا از اين درك ناشي مي شود كه ايران را تا پايان تعيين تكليف عراق، نبايد بيش از اين به موضع خصمانه راند.